Fabrication and Characterization of Organoclay Reinforced Polyester Based Hybrid Nanocomposite Materials

N. Zaman, S. Ahmed, M. Sanaullah, A. U. Rehman, A. R. Shar, M. R. Luhur

Abstract


Synthesis and characterization of polyester nanocomposites was conducted in order to fabricate hybrid composite materials of polyester/montmorillonite (MMT). Polyester based polymeric nanocomposite materials were synthesized by incorporating MMT nanoclay to produce polyester/MMT hybrid materials. Successful efforts were made to fabricate hybrid nanocomposite materials based on matrix (polyester based) and reinforcement (organoclay) through sonication at 6 and 12 hours. Synthesized nanocomposite polymers (polyester/MMT) showed different properties when compared to the properties of MMT and polyester, which confirmed the successful fabrication of the desired material. The finest incorporation of polyester with MMT was verified by UV-Visible spectrophotometer, Fourier tranform-infrared (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The disappearance of the Si-O characteristic peak was observed in the FTIR spectrum justifying the fabrication of the desired composite materials. Colored SEM images were used to confirm the fine homogenous distribution of organoclay. Black SEM images showed the matrix and reinforcement together. SEM, FTIR and UV-Visible spectroscopic techniques were used to analyze polyester based nanocomposite materials and organoclay was found randomly distributed in the polymeric matrix whereas on the surface was observed to be mostly uniform.


Keywords


polyester; nanocomposite; reinforcement; UV-Visible spectrophotometer

Full Text:

PDF

References


F. Allhof, P. Lin, D. Moore, What is nanotechnology and why does it matter, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010

S. K. Prasad, Modern Concepts in Nanotechnology, Discovery Publishing House, 2008

R. J. Narayan, P. N. Kumta, C. Sfeir, D. H. Lee, D. Choi, D. Olton, “Nanostructured Ceramics in Medical Devices Applications and Prospects”, JOM, Vol. 56, No. 10, pp. 38–43, 2004

H. Cho, E. Pinkhassik, V. David, J. M. Stuart, K. A. Hasty, “Detection of early cartilage damage using targeted nanosomes in a post-traumatic osteoarthritis mouse model”, Nanomedicine, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 939-946, 2015

P. Kerativitayanan, J. K. Carrow, A. K. Gaharwar, “Nanomaterials for Engineering Stem Cell Responses”, Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 4, No. 11, pp. 1600–1627, 2015

R. C. Shetty, “Potential pitfalls of nanotechnology in its applications to medicine: immune incompatibility of nanodevices”, Med Hypotheses, Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 998–9999, 2005

M. H. Kafshgari, N. H. Voelcker, F. J. Harding, “Applications of zero-valent silicon nanostructures in biomedicine”, Nanomedicine (Lond), Vol. 10, No. 16 pp. 2553–2271, 2015

A. Cavalcanti, B. Shirinzadeh, R. A. Freitas, L. C. Kretly, “Medical Nanorobot Architecture Based on Nanobioelectronics”, Recent Patents on Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, pp. 1–10, 2007

M. Boukallel, M. Gauthier, M. Dauge, E. Piat, J. Abadie, “Smart microrobots for mechanical cell characterization and cell convoying” , . IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering,Vol. 54, No. 8, pp. 1536–1540, 2007

K. S. Suslick, “Sonochemistry”, Science, Vol. 247, pp. 1439–1445, 1990

A. S. Peshkovsky, S. L. Peshkovsky, S. Bystryak, “Scalable high-power ultrasonic technology for the production of translucent nanoemulsions”, Chemical Engineering and Processing Process Intensification, Vol. 69, pp. 77–82, 2013

A. Golmohamadi, “Effect of ultrasound frequency on antioxidant activity, total phenolic and anthocyanin content of red raspberry puree”, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, Vol.20, No. 5, pp. 1316–23, 2013

N. S. Deora, N. N. Misra, A. Deswal, H. N. Mishra, P. J. Cullen, B. K. Tiwari, “Ultrasound for improved crystallization in food processing”, Food Engineering Reviews, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 36-44, 2013

S. R. Mikkelsen, E. Cortón, Bioanalytical Chemistry, Ch. 13.Centrifugation Methods, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 247-267, 2004

J. D. Stokes, Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM), John Wiley & Sons, 2008




eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487