Health Risk Assessment of Arsenic in the Drinking Water of Upper Sindh, Pakistan


  • N. U. H. Shar Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • G. Q. Shar Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • A. R. Shar Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • S. M. Wassan Department of Community Medicine, Ghulam Muhammad Mahar Medical College Sukkur, Pakistan
  • Z. Q. Bhatti Department of Physics, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • A. Ali Department of Computer Science, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
Volume: 11 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 7558-7563 | October 2021 |


Water is a valuable compound for plants, animals, and humans. Various contaminating agents pollute it, with arsenic being one of them. Measurements of arsenic in potable water in Upper Sindh were conducted during this study. The samples were prepared by microwave-assisted digestion and analyzed by an atomic absorption spectrophotometer. A total of 240 potable water samples were collected from 8 Talukas of Upper Sindh. DMS coordinates were also recorded with the help of the Global Positioning System (GPS). The highest arsenic content of 50µg/L was observed in Garhi Khairo Taluka. The average arsenic content in water samples of all of the Talukas, except Miro Khan, was found higher than the WHO permissible limit. The 69.2% of samples were found to be contaminated by arsenic. Therefore, the water of the studied area is concluded to be in poor condition for cooking and drinking.


arsenic, upper Sindh, atomic absorption spectrophotometer, water health risk assessment


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How to Cite

N. U. H. Shar, G. Q. Shar, A. R. Shar, S. M. Wassan, Z. Q. Bhatti, and A. Ali, “Health Risk Assessment of Arsenic in the Drinking Water of Upper Sindh, Pakistan”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7558–7563, Oct. 2021.


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