Performance and Emission Analysis of a Diesel Engine Using Linseed Biodiesel Blends
The core object of this study is to examine the suitability of linseeds for biodiesel production. The performance of an engine at different proportions of linseed blends with petro-diesel and the amount of emissions rate were investigated. Initially, linseed biodiesel was produced through transesterification process, and then it was mixed with petro-diesel fuel (D100) blends at volumetric ratios of 10% (LB10), 20% (LB20), and 30% (LB30). The properties of linseed biodiesel and its blends were investigated and compared with petro-diesel properties with reference to ASTM standards. It has been observed that the fuel properties of produced biodiesel are within ASTM permissible limits. The specific fuel consumption (SFC) of LB10 blend has been found lesser compared to LB20 and LB30. SFC of D100 is slightly less than that of all the blends. The brake thermal efficiency (BTE) of LB30 is greater than that of pure diesel D100 at maximum load and greater than that of LB10 and LB20. The heat dissipation rate in all linseed blends is found to have been less than that of D100. Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and NOx emissions of linseed blends are mostly lower in comparison with D100’s. Among all blends, LB10 was found more suitable alternative fuel for diesel engines and can be blended with petro diesel without engine modifications. It can be concluded that cultivation and production of linseed in Pakistan is very promising, therefore, it is recommended that proper exploitation and use of linseed for energy production may be encouraged through pertinent agencies of Pakistan.
Keywords:linseed oil, transesterification, diesel-biodiesel blends, engine performance, emission analysis
S. Kumar, A. Pal, A. Baghel, “An Experimental Analysis of Biodiesel Production from Linseed Oil”, International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 133-140, 2015
S. Ali, M. A. Cheema, M. A. Wahid, A. Sattar, M. F. Saleem, “Comparative production potential of linola and linseed under different nitrogen levels”, Crop & Environment, Vol. 2, pp. 33-36, 2011
M. Asif, “Sustainable energy options for Pakistan”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 903-909, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2008.04.001
S. A. R. Kazmi, A. H. Solangi, S. N. A. Zaidi, Jatropha curcas L. Cultivation Experience in Karachi Pakistan, Joint Study Preliminary Report of Pakistan Agricultural Research Council and Pakistan State Oil, 2003
A. B. Awan, Z. A. Khan, “Recent progress in renewable energy–remedy of energy crisis in Pakistan”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.33, pp. 236-253, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.089
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database, available at: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home, Accessed: 03/02/2018.
F. Ullah, A. Bano, S. Ali,“Optimization of protocol for biodiesel production of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)oil”, Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 74-7, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/pjct-2013-0013
M. Amjad, Oilseed crops of Pakistan Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18356/a55dee27-en
C.-J. Ruan,W.-H. Xing, J. A. T. da Silva, “Potential of five plants growing on unproductive agricultural lands as biodiesel resources”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 41, pp. 191-199, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.10.022
P. Beerens, Screw-pressing of Jatropha seeds for fuelling purposes in less developed countries”, MSc Thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology, Ministerio de Ambiente y Energía, 2007
M. M. Tunio, S. R. Samo, Z. M. Ali, K. Chand, “Comprehensive study of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas) Biodiesel production and its prospectus in Pakistan”, Sindh University Research Journal (Science Series), Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 209-212, 2016
Tokyo Meter Co, Operational Manual of Single cylinder slow speed diesel engine research and test bed, Model: Dwe-6/10-Js –DV, 2002
K. Singh, M. Y. Sheikh, Y. B. Mathur, “Performance study of a VCR diesel engine fueled with diesel and low concentration blend of linseed oil biodiesel”, International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 295-299, 2014
Testo, Testo 350 M/XL 454 Instruction Manual, 2002
S. R. Samo, M. M. Tunio, “Production and Characterization of Biodiesel from Indigenous Linseed Herb”, International Journal of Current Trends in Engineering & Research” Vol. 2, No. 8, pp. 91-97, 2016
A. M. Ashraful, H. H. Masjuki, M. A. Kalam, I. R. Fattah, S. Imtenan, S. A. Shahir, H. M. Mobarak, “Production and comparison of fuel properties, engine performance, and emission characteristics of biodiesel from various non-edible vegetable oils: a review”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 80, pp. 202-228, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.01.037
R. Sattanathan, “Production of Biodiesel from Castor oil with its Performance and Emission test”, International Journal of Science and Reseach,Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 273-279, 2015
M. H. Shojaeefard, M. M. Etgahni, F. Meisami, A. Barari, “Experimental investigation on performance and exhaust emissions of castor oil biodiesel from a diesel engine”, Environmental Technology, Vol. 34, No. 13-14, pp. 2019-2026, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2013.777080
S. K. Mahla, A. Birdi, “Performance and Emission Characteristics of Different Blends of Linseed Methyl Ester on Diesel Engine”, International Journal on Emerging Technologies, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 55-59, 2012
M. Ozcanli, H. Serin, O. Y. Saribiyik, K. Aydin, S. Serin, “Performance and emission studies of castor bean (Ricinus Communis) oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel”, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, Vol. 34, No. 19, pp. 1808-1814, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2010.545800
M. M. Krishna, K. V. Krishna, “Experimental Investigations of comparative performance and exhaust emissions of linseed biodiesel fuelled DI diesel engine with low grade LHR combustion chamber”, International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 180-197, 2014
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 858
PDF Downloads: 417
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.