Investigation of Quantity, Quality and Energy Content of Indigenous Sugarcane Trash in Naoshehro Feroze District, Sindh
Quantity, characteristics, and energy content in sugarcane trash of six different indigenous sugarcane varieties were computed for their possible utilization. Results revealed that the total sugarcane trash weight percentage was 24.0% of the total sugarcane crop. Among all examined varieties, variety 240 produced the highest and the variety HS12 the lowest percentage of sugarcane trash with 28% and 18.6% respectively. Moisture and ash content were found less in brown leaves and more in the tops of sugarcane trash parts. The fixed carbon values in brown leaves, green leaves, and tops of the variety Thatta10 were the highest found, with 18.4%, 15.5%, and 17.3% respectively. Carbon element’s percentage in brown leaves of variety HS12 was the highest with 50.0% and in Thatta10 was the lowest with 43.4%. Highest heating value was found in Thatta10 with 16.0MJ/kg, which is close to the literature reported values.
Keywords:energy content, higher heating value, proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, sugarcane trash
N. Aziz, “Biomass energy potential in Pakistan”, available at: https://www.bioenergyconsult.com/biomass-pakistan, 2018
T. Suramaythangkoor, Z. Li, “Energy policy tools for agricultural residues utilization for heat and power generation: A case study of sugarcane trash in Thailand”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 4343-4351, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.02.033
S. Zafar, “Biomass resources from sugar industry”, available at: https://www.bioenergyconsult.com/biomass-resources-from-sugar-industry, 2018
B. Patel, B, Gami, “Biomass characterization and its use as solid fuel for combustion”, Iranica Journal of Energy & Environment, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 123-128, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.ijee.2012.03.02.0071
D. Szczerbowski, A.P. Pitarelo, A. Zandona Filho, L. P. Ramos, “Sugarcane biomass for biorefineries: comparative composition of carbohydrate and non-carbohydrate components of bagasse and straw”, Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 114, pp. 95-101, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.07.052
F. J. Tian, J. L. Yu, L. J. Mckenzie, J. I. Hayashi, T. Chiba, C. Z. Li, “Formation of NOx precursors during the pyrolysis of coal and biomass. Part VII. Pyrolysis and gasification of cane trash with steam”, Fuel, Vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 371-376, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2004.09.018
S. Q. Turn, V. Keffer, M. Staackmann, Analysis of Hawaii Biomass Energy Resources for Distributed Energy Applications, Honolulu: Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii, 2002
M. R. L. Leal, M. V. Galdos, F. V. Scarpare, J. E. Seabra, A. Walter, C. O. Oliveira, “Sugarcane straw availability, quality, recovery and energy use: A literature review”, Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 53, pp. 11-19, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2013.03.007
K. Deepchand, “Characteristics, Present use and potential of sugar cane tops and leaves”, Agricultural Wastes, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 139-48, 1986 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-4607(86)90045-4
W. Treedet, R. Suntivarakorn, “Sugar cane trash pyrolysis for bio-oil production in a fluidized bed reactor”, World Renewable Energy Congress, Linkoping, Sweden, May 8-13, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3384/ecp11057140
S. J. Hassuani, M. R. L. V. Leal, I. Macedo, Biomass Power Generation, Sugar Cane Bagasse and Trash, Programa das Nacoes Unidas Para o Desenvolvimento and Centro De Technologi a Canavieriva, Peracicaba, Brazil, 2005
S. Jenjariyakosoln, S. H. Gheewala, B. Sajjakulnukit, S. Garivait, “Energy and GHG emission reduction potential of power generation from sugarcane residues in Thailand”, Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 23, pp. 32-45, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2014.07.002
L. Smithers, “Review of sugarcane trash recovery systems for energy cogeneration in South Africa”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 32, pp. 915-925, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.042
H. Jin, E. D. Larson, F. E. Celik, “Performance and cost analysis of future, commercially mature gasification-based electric power generation from switchgrass”, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 142-173, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bbb.138
V. Mangut, E. Sabio, J. Ganan, J. F. Gonzalez, A. Ramiro, C. M. Gonzalez, A. Al-Kassir, “Thermogravimetric study of the pyrolysis of biomass residues from tomato processing industry”, Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 87, No. 2, pp. 109-115, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2005.08.006
N. Cellatoglu, M. Ilkan, “Solar torrefaction of solid olive mill residue”, Bio Resources, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 10087-10098, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.11.4.10087-10098
G. Selvaraju, N. K. A. Bakar, “Production of a new industrially viable green-activated carbon from Artocarpus integer fruit processing waste and evaluation of its chemical, morphological and adsorption properties”, Journal Of Cleaner Production, Vol. 141, pp. 989-999, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.09.056
B. Nachiappan, Z. Fu, M. T. Holtzapple, “Ammonium carboxylate production from sugarcane trash using long-term air-lime pretreatment followed by mixed-culture fermentation”, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 102, No. 5, pp. 4210-4217, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.12.059
J. Parikh, S. A. Channiwala, G. K. Ghosal, “A correlation for calculating HHV from proximate analysis of solid fuels”, Fuel, Vol. 84, No. 5, pp. 487-494, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2004.10.010
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 639
PDF Downloads: 343
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.