Farm-based Evaluation of Sustainable Alternative Irrigation Practices

S. J. Oad, H. Maqsood, A. L. Qureshi, S. Ahmed, I. A. Channa, M. I. Ali

Abstract


Water management is one crucial component of agribusiness and municipal policy. One of the water-oriented dimensions is irrigation. In Pakistan, there is a lack of water system planning and water conservation management. This study is an effort to focus on water conservation and optimum crop yield using cost effective irrigation practices. This study is based on the comparative analysis among four irrigation techniques: flood irrigation (conventional), furrow, alternate furrow, and raised bed on wheat crop in order to decide the most efficient irrigation technique on clay loam soil. The wheat crop was cultivated in Rabi season from November 2015 to March 2018 on a one-acre area of a local farmer of Sajawal district, Sindh. Randomize complete block design (RCBD) method was used to design and allocate 3 irrigation sub-plots. The results show significance p


Keywords


water conservation; raised-bed; wheat; Sujawal; alternate furrow

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. M. A. Kaisi, J. F. Shanahan, Irrigation of Winter Wheat, Crop Series, 1999

N. Dabour, “The role of irrigation in food production and agricultural development in the near east region”, Journal of Economic Cooperation, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 31-70, 2002

A. Darzi-Naftchali, H. Ritzema, “Integrating irrigation and drainage management to sustain agriculture in northern Iran”, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. 1-17, 2018

R. A. Fischer, K. Sayre, I. O. Monasterio, “The effect of raised bed planting on irrigated wheat yield as influenced by variety and row spacing”, in: ACIAR Proceedings No. 121, pp. 1-11, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 2005

J. M. Goncalves, A. P. Muga, M. G. Horst, L. S. Pereira, “Furrow irrigation design with multicriteria analysis”, Biosystems Engineering, Vol. 109, No. 4, pp. 266-275, 2011

E. A. Holzapfel, M. A. Marino, J. Chavez-Morales, “Procedure to select an optimum irrigation method”, Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 111, No. 4, pp. 319-329, 1985

M. L. Jat, R. Gupta, Y. S. Saharawat, R. Khosla, “Layering precision land leveling and furrow irrigated raised bed planting: Productivity and input use efficiency of irrigated bread wheat in Indo-Gangetic plains”, American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 578-588, 2011

D. Labadarios, Z. J. Mchiza, N. P. Steyn, G. Gericke, E. M. Maunder, Y. D. Davids, W. A. Parker, “Food security in South Africa: A review of national surveys”, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. 89, No. 12, pp. 891-899, 2011

D. K. Majumdar, Irrigation Water Management Principles and Practices, Prentice Hall of India, 2010

G. Mishra, H. S. Kushwaha, “Winter wheat yield and soil physical properties responses to different tillage and irrigation”, European Journal of Biological Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 56-63, 2016

L. Quanqi, Z. Xunbo, C. Yuhai, Y. Songlie, “Water consumption characteristics of winter wheat grown using different planting patterns and deficit irrigation regime”, Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 105, pp. 8-12, 2012

B. R. Sharma, U. Amarasinghe, C. Xueliang, “Assessing and Improving Water Productivity in Conservation Agriculture Systems in the Indus-Gangetic Basin”, 4th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture-Innovations for Improving efficiency, Equity and Environment, New Delhi, India, February 4-7, 2009

A. A. Siyal, A. S. Mashori, K. L. Bristow, M. T. V. Genuchten, “Alternate furrow irrigation can radically improve water productivity of okra”, Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 173, pp. 55-60, 2016

K. B. Soomro, H. A. Sahito, J. A. Rind, B. Mal, S. H. Kaleri, “Effect of marginal quality water on okra, abelmoschus esculentus I. Yield under drip irrigation system”, Global Advanced Research Journal of Engineering, Technolology and Innovation, Vol. 1, No. 5, pp. 103-112, 2012

C. Sun, D. Feng, Z. Mi, C. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Gao, J. Sun, “Impacts of ridge-furrow planting on salt stress and cotton yield under drip irrigation”, Water, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 49, 2017

F. A. Ward, A. Michelsen, “The economic value of water in agriculture: Concepts and policy applications”, Water Policy, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 423-446, 2002

E .A. Waraich, R. Ahmad, Saifullah, S. Ahmad, “Raised bed planting in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in semi-arid zone”, Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 73-84, 2010

S. A. Walters, A. K. Jha, “Sustaining chili pepper production in Afghanistan through better irrigation practices and management”, Agriculture, Vol. 6, No. 62, pp. 1-10, 2016

D. Zingaro, I. Portoghese, G. Giannoccaro, “Modelling crop pattern changes and water resources exploitation: A case study”, Water, Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 685, 2017

S. J. Zwart, W. G. M. Bastiaanssen, “Review of measured crop water productivity values for irrigated wheat, rice, cotton and maize”, Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 115-133, 2004




eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487