Single Pile Settlement and Load Transfer Mechanism due to Excavation in Silty Clay

M. A. Soomro, K. F. Memon, M. A. Soomro, A. Memon, M. A. Keerio

Abstract


In densely built areas, development of underground transportation system often involves excavations for basement construction and cut-and-cover tunnels which are sometimes inevitable to be constructed adjacent to existing piled foundations. In order to gain new insights into single pile responses (i.e. settlement and load transfer mechanism) to an adjacent excavation in saturated silty clay, a three-dimensional coupled- consolidation numerical analysis is conducted in this study. An advanced hypoplasticity (clay) constitutive model with small-strain stiffness was adopted. A linear increase in pile settlement was observed due to excavation-induced stress release. This is because part of the pile is placed within the boundaries of a major influence zone due to excavation-induced ground movement. Based on a settlement criterion, apparent loss of pile‘s capacity is 14%. A maximum bending moment of about 350 kNm is induced in the pile with the maximum deflection of 28 mm. In addition, mobilisation of shear strength at the pile-soil interface was found to be a key factor governing pile-soil-excavation interaction. During excavation, a downward load-transfer mechanism in the piles can be identified.


Keywords


excavation; pile; silty clay; numerical modelling

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References


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