Health and Safety of Hyderabad Industries’ Labor. Causes and Awareness

A. R. Khoso, M. A. Akhund, A. H. Memon, F. Siddiqui, S. H. Khahro


Labor’s health and safety (H&S) is a matter of concern for all industries. Occurrence of accidents in industries is becoming a common issue. Both white collar and blue-collar workers are not shielded from materials that damage their health. This study identifies the critical factors affecting labor’s H&S in Hyderabad, Pakistan industries. The awareness of labor regarding prevention and consequences that affect workers’ H&S is also a matter of interest of this research. The severity of factors was determined through questionnaire survey from experts, H&S supervisors and managerial staff of industries. For the descriptive analysis the software SPPS 24.0 was used. This research also includes interviews form industry laborers about awareness regarding H&S critical factors. The results show that, Improper PPE use, operating machines that are poorly maintained, long term exposure to high intensity noise, working extended and irregular hours and lack of knowledge of working instruments are the critical causes of accidents. Also 60.9%, 73.9%, 69.6%, 78.3% and 89% of workers are not aware about these causes and their consequences. Thus, this research is a road map for industrial employers, law makers, local, provisional and federal Government of Pakistan in order to help minimizing the workplace accidents and the providing of safe and secure working environment for laborers.


Health & Safety; accidents; Hyderabad industries; labor

Full Text:



B. Fabiano, F. Curro, R. Pastorino, “A study of the relationship between occupational injuries and firm size and type in the Italian industry”, Safety Science, Vol. 42, No. 7, pp. 587–600, 2004

O. H. Sorensen, P. Hasle, E. Bach, “Working in small enterprises - is there a special risk?”, Safety Science, Vol. 45, No. 10, pp. 1044–1059, 2007

International Labour Office, Safety Culture at Work Safety in Numbers – Pointers for a Global Safety Culture at Work. ILO, International Labour Office, 1999

F. Lamm, C. Massey, M. Perry, “Is There a Link between Workplace Health and Safety and Firm Performance and Productivity?”, New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 72-86, 2007

A. A. Noonari, R. B. Mahar, A. R Sahito, “Assessment of Air Pollution and its Effects on Health of Workers of Steel Re-Rolling Mills in Hyderabad”, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 294-302, 2016

T. Awan, “Occupational Health And Safety In Pakistan”, Available at:, 2001

M. Kaminski. “Unintended consequences: organizational practices and their impact on workplace safety and productivity” Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp.127-138, 2001

H. S. Shannon, L. S. Robson, J. E. Sale, “Creating safer and healthier workplaces: role of organizational factors and job characteristics”, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp.319-334, 2001

A. Zacharatos, J. Barling, R. D. Iverson, “High-performance work systems and occupational safety”, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 1, pp.77-93, 2005

W. A. Khan, T. Mustaq, A. Tabassum, “Occupational health, safety and risk analysis”, International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp.1336-1346, 2014

N. S. Seixas, H. Blecker, J. Camp, R. Neitzel, “Occupational health and safety experience of day laborers in Seattle, WA”, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 399-406, 2008

J. M. Stellman, Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, International Labor Office, 1998,

A. Gumber, “Burden of injury in India”, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 32, No. 25, pp.1478-1491, 1997

K. Kuhn, B. Beermann, N. Henke, “Healthy Employees in Healthy Organisations: The European Network for Workplace Health Promotion”, Federal Institute for Ocupational Safety and Health, 2004

S. Ziaran, “Acoustics and acoustic measurements”, Physical Methods, Instruments and Measurements, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems, Yuri M. Tsipenyuk, 2005

G. Bugliarello, A. Alexandre, J. Barnes, The Impact of Noise Pollution: A Socio-Technological Introduction, Pergamon Press Inc, 2014

N. Singh, S. C. Davar, “Noise pollution-sources, effects and control”, Journal of Human Ecology, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp.181-187, 2004

Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, Labour Force Survey 2012-13 (Annual Report), Available at:

A. Albert, M. R. Hallowell, B. M. Kleiner, “Emerging strategies for construction safety & health hazard recognition”, Journal of Safety, Health & Environmental Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp.152-161, 2014

Department of Health and Human Services, General Safe Practices for Working with Engineered Nanomaterials in Research Laboratories, Available at: , 2012

B. Song, Occupational heat stress and health impact assessment at a shoe factory in China, Available at:

digitalAssets/104/104570_biping-song.pdf, 2012

N. Soomro, N. Soomro, M. Soomro, “Work Health and Safety in Cotton Ginning Industry: A Survey of Practices in Australia”, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 461-466, 2015

I. N. Isik, E. Atasoylu, “Occupational safety and health in North Cyprus: evaluation of risk assessment”, Safety Science, 94, pp.17-25, 2017

F. A. Manuele, On the practice of safety, John Wiley & Sons, 2003

Kimberly-Clark, Simply Essential, Annual Report, Available at:

Media/2008%20Annual%20Report_umbracoFile.pdf, 2008

I. S. A. D. Idirimanna,. L. N. A. C. Jayawardena, “Factors Affecting The Health And Safety Behavior Of Factory Workers”, 11th Global conference on business and economics, pp. 1-21, 2011

M. A. Akhund, A. R. Khoso, U. Memon, S. H. Khahro, “Time Overrun in Construction Projects of Developing Countries”, Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 1-6, 2017

A. H. Memon, I. A. Rahman, M. H. A. Jamil, “Severity of Variation Order Factors in affecting Construction Project Performance”, Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 19-27, 2014

eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487