The Effect of Stator Inter-Turn Short-Circuit Fault on DFIG Performance Using FEM

Authors

  • H. Mellah Department of Electrical Engineering, Akli Mohand Oulhadj University of Bouira, Algeria
  • S. Arslan Organized Industrial Zone Vocational Higher School, Harran University, Turkey
  • H. Sahraoui Department of Electrical Engineering, Benbouali Hassiba University of Chlef, Algeria
  • K. E. Hemsas Department of Electrical Engineering , Ferhat Abbas Setif 1 University, Algeria
  • S. Kamel Department of Electrical Engineering, Akli Mohand Oulhadj University of Bouira, Algeria

Abstract

Doubly-Fed Induction Generators (DFIG) are operated for wind energy production, and as their capacity is increasing, their safety and reliability become more important. Several faults affect the performance of DFIG. The stator winding Inter-Turn Short-Circuit Fault (ITSCF) is one of the most prevalent electric machine failures. This study examined the stator ITSCF effects on DFIG performance for different cases. The DFIG was designed and engineered using the Finite Element Method (FEM) and the Maxwell software, and was examined in healthy operation and four defective cases with various Numbers of Inter-Turn Short Circuit Faults (NITSCF): 4, 9, 19, and 29. These models allowed the examination of the effects and the comparison of each case separately from the healthy state. The comparison was plotted in Matlab to show the effects of the faults. The novelty of this study was that it investigated the effects of different NITSCF on the performance of DFIG and not only on their effect on the stator current and distribution of magnetic flux density. A better understanding of the short circuit effects on the performance of the DFIG can be exploited for subsequent implementations of early fault detection systems.

Keywords:

Doubly fed induction generators (DFIG), inter-turn short circuit fault (ITSCF), stator winding, finite element method (FEM), finite element analysis

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

H. Mellah and K. E. Hemsas, "Design and Simulation Analysis of Outer Stator Inner Rotor Dfig by 2D and 3D Finite Element Analysis," International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 457–470, Sep. 2012.

S. Dawn, P. K. Tiwari, A. K. Goswami, A. K. Singh, and R. Panda, "Wind power: Existing status, achievements and government’s initiative towards renewable power dominating India," Energy Strategy Reviews, vol. 23, pp. 178–199, Jan. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2019.01.002

H. Mellah and K. E. Hemsas, "Design and Analysis of an External-Rotor Internal-Stator Doubly Fed Induction Generator for Small Wind Turbine Application by Fem," International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 2, pp. 1–11, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijrse.20130201.11

Α. Guediri and Α. Guediri, "Study and Order of a Medium Power Wind Turbine Conversion Chain Connected to Medium Voltage Grid," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7279–7282, Jun. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4169

H. Benbouhenni, A. Driss, and S. Lemdani, "Indirect active and reactive powers control of doubly fed induction generator fed by three-level adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system – pulse width modulation converter with a robust method based on super twisting algorithms," Electrical Engineering & Electromechanics, no. 4, pp. 31–38, Jul. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/2074-272X.2021.4.04

S. V. Bozhko, R. Blasco-Gimenez, R. Li, J. C. Clare, and G. M. Asher, "Control of Offshore DFIG-Based Wind Farm Grid With Line-Commutated HVDC Connection," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 71–78, Mar. 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2006.889544

X. Tian, H. Tang, Y. Li, Y. Chi, and Y. Su, "Dynamic stability of weak grid connection of large-scale DFIG based on wind turbines," The Journal of Engineering, vol. 2017, no. 13, pp. 1092–1097, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/joe.2017.0498

Y. Fu, Z. Ren, S. Wei, Y. Xu, and F. Li, "Using Flux Linkage Difference Vector in Early Inter-Turn Short Circuit Detection for the Windings of Offshore Wind DFIGs," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 3007–3015, Sep. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2021.3073007

O. Imoru, F. V. Nelwamondo, A. Jimoh, and T. R. Ayodele, "A neural network approach to detect winding faults in electrical machine," International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 31–41, Feb. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ijeeps-2020-0161

Y. Chen et al., "Numerical Modeling, Electrical Characteristics Analysis and Experimental Validation of Severe Inter-Turn Short Circuit Fault Conditions on Stator Winding in DFIG of Wind Turbines," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 13149–13158, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3050876

A. U. Rehman, Y. Chen, Y. Zhao, Y. Cheng, Y. Zhao, and T. Tanaka, "Detection of Rotor Inter-turn Short Circuit Fault in Doubly-fed Induction Generator using FEM Simulation," in 2018 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Dielectrics (ICD), Budapest, Hungary, Jul. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICD.2018.8514641

S. He, X. Shen, and Z. Jiang, "Detection and Location of Stator Winding Interturn Fault at Different Slots of DFIG," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 89342–89353, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2926538

J. Cheng, H. Ma, S. Song, and Z. Xie, "Stator Inter-turn Fault Analysis in Doubly-Fed Induction Generators using rotor current based on Finite Element Analysis," in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Progress in Informatics and Computing (PIC), Suzhou, China, Sep. 2018, pp. 414–419. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PIC.2018.8706293

H. Sabir, M. Ouassaid, and N. Ngote, "Diagnosis of Rotor Winding Inter-turn Short Circuit Fault in Wind Turbine Based on DFIG using Hybrid TSA/DWT Approach," in 2018 6th International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), Rabat, Morocco, Sep. 2018, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2018.8703006

K. Ma, J. Zhu, M. Soltani, A. Hajizadeh, and Z. Chen, "Inter-Turn Short-Circuit Fault Ride-Through for DFIG Wind Turbines," IFAC-PapersOnLine, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 12757–12762, Jan. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2020.12.1916

F. Bouaziz, O. Awedni, and L. Krichen, "Modelling and fault diagnosis of rotor inter turn short circuit fault in a doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine," in 2020 20th International Conference on Sciences and Techniques of Automatic Control and Computer Engineering (STA), Monastir, Tunisia, Sep. 2020, pp. 189–194. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/STA50679.2020.9329344

S. M. M. Moosavi, J. Faiz, M. B. Abadi, and S. M. A. Cruz, "Comparison of rotor electrical fault indices owing to inter-turn short circuit and unbalanced resistance in doubly-fed induction generator," IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 235–242, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-epa.2018.5528

D. B. Minh, L. D. Hai, T. L. Anh, and V. D. Quoc, "Electromagnetic Torque Analysis of SRM 12/8 by Rotor/Stator Pole Angle," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7187–7190, Jun. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4168

Z. Xing, Y. Gao, M. Chen, and J. Xu, "Fault Diagnosis of Inter-turn Short Circuit of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Wind Turbine under the Random Wind," in 2021 IEEE 2nd China International Youth Conference on Electrical Engineering (CIYCEE), Sep. 2021, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/CIYCEE53554.2021.9676777

Z. T. Mei, G. J. Li, Z. Q. Zhu, R. Clark, A. Thomas, and Z. Azar, "Scaling Effect on Inter-Turn Short-Circuit of PM Machines for Wind Power Application," in 2021 IEEE International Electric Machines Drives Conference (IEMDC), Hartford, CT, USA, Feb. 2021, pp. 1–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IEMDC47953.2021.9449606

M. Hussain, A. Ulasyar, H. S. Zad, A. Khattak, S. Nisar, and K. Imran, "Design and Analysis of a Dual Rotor Multiphase Brushless DC Motor for its Application in Electric Vehicles," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 7846–7852, Dec. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4345

Z. Tan, X. Song, W. Cao, Z. Liu, and Y. Tong, "DFIG Machine Design for Maximizing Power Output Based on Surrogate Optimization Algorithm," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 1154–1162, Sep. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2015.2411153

L. Jun-qing and W. Xi-mei, "FEM analysis on interturn fault of rotor wingding in DFIG," in 2013 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), Busan, South Korea, Jul. 2013, pp. 797–802. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEMS.2013.6713154

S. He, X. Shen, Y. Wang, and W. Zheng, "Characteristic Factor Analysis on Stator Winding Inter-turn Fault in DFIG Based on FEM Simulation," in 2017 International Conference on Computer Technology, Electronics and Communication (ICCTEC), Dalian, China, Sep. 2017, pp. 209–213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCTEC.2017.00052

L. Jun-qing, M. Li, and W. De-yan, "Influence of stator turn-to-turn short-circuit on magnetic field of DFIG," in 2011 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, Beijing, China, Dec. 2011, pp. 1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEMS.2011.6073523

M. Afshari, S. M. M. Moosavi, M. B. Abadi, and S. M. A. Cruz, "Study on Inter-Turn Short Circuit Fault and High Resistance Connection in the Stator of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators," in 7th Iran Wind Energy Conference (IWEC2021), Shahrood, Iran, Feb. 2021, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IWEC52400.2021.9467018

Y. Chen et al., "FEM simulation and analysis on stator winding inter-turn fault in DFIG," in 2015 IEEE 11th International Conference on the Properties and Applications of Dielectric Materials (ICPADM), Sydney, NSW, Australia, Jul. 2015, pp. 244–247. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPADM.2015.7295254

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
H. Mellah, S. Arslan, H. Sahraoui, K. E. Hemsas, and S. Kamel, “The Effect of Stator Inter-Turn Short-Circuit Fault on DFIG Performance Using FEM”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 8688–8693, Jun. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 320
PDF Downloads: 146

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)