Properties of Waste Tire Rubber Powder
Scrap tires are abundant and alarming waste. The aggregates resulting from the crushing of the waste tires are more and more used in the field of civil engineering (geotechnical, hydraulic works, light concretes, asphaltic concretes, etc.). Depending on the type of the used tires, dimensions and possible separations and treatment, the physical and mechanical characteristics of these aggregates might change. Some physical, chemical and direct shear tests were performed on three gradation classes of waste tire rubber powder. The tests results were combined with data from previous studies to generate empirical relationships between cohesion, friction angle and particle size of waste tire powder rubber. A cubic (third order) regression model seems to be more appropriate compared to linear and quadratic models.
Keywords:rubber powder, waste tires, experimental, polynomial regression
E. Ganjian, M. Khorami, A. A. Maghsoudi, “Scrap–tyre–rubber replacement for aggregate and ﬁller in concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 1828-1836, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.09.020
H. Trouzine, A. Asroun, N. Asroun, F. Belabdelouhab, N.T. Long, “Problem of waste tires in Algeria”, Nature & Technologies, Vol. 5, pp. 28-35, 2011[In French]
Rubber Manufacturer’s Association, US scrap tire markets 2003 edition, Washington (DC), Rubber Manufacturer’s Association, 2004
R.K. Dhir, M.C. Limbachiya, K.A. Paine, Recycling and reuse of used tyres, Thomas Telford Publishing–Thomas Telford Ltd, London, 2001
ASTM D 6270-98 (Reapproved 2004), Standard practice for use of scrap tires in civil engineering applications, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, USA
V. Corinaldesi, G. Moriconi, “Durable ﬁber reinforced self-compacting concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 249–254, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.07.005
V. Corinaldesi, A. Mazzoli, G. Moriconi, “Mechanical behaviour and thermal conductivity of mortars containing waste rubber particles”, Materials & Design, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 1646–1650, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2010.10.013
H. Trouzine, M. Bekhiti, A. Asroun, “Effects of scrap tyre rubber fibre on swelling behavior of two clayey soils in Algeria”, Geosynthetics International, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 124-132, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/gein.2012.19.2.124
California Department of Transportation, Asphalt rubber usage guide, Caltrans, State of California, Department of Transportation, Sacramento, CA, USA, 2003
B.A Black, A. Shakoor, “A geotechnical investigation of soil/tire mixtures for engineering applications”, Proceedings on the First International Conference on Environmental Geotechnics, pp. 617-623, 1994
C. C. Benda, “Engineering properties of scrap tires used in geotechnical applications”, Report N° 95-1, Vermont Agency of Transportation, Montpelier, V.T., 1995
ASTM D 3080–03 Standard Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, USA
E. Massad, R. Taha, C. Ho, T. Papagiannakis, “Engineering properties of tire /soil mixtures as a lightweight fill material”, Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 297-304, 1996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1520/GTJ10355J
W. Y. Wu, C. C. Benda, R. F. Cauley, “Triaxial determination of shear strength of tire chips”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 123, N. 5, 479-482, 1997 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0241(1997)123:5(479)
M. Bekhiti, H. Sellaf, H. Trouzine A. Asroun, “Propriétes mécaniques des granulats de caoutchouc issus du broyage des pneus uses”, 1st International Conference on Civil Engineering, 8-9 may 2012, Laghouat Algeria [In French]
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 1191
PDF Downloads: 426
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.