Geotechnical Properties of Rubber Tires and Sediments Mixtures

Authors

  • H. Sellaf Civil Engineering Department, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • H. Trouzine Civil Engineering Department, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • M. Hamhami Civil Engineering Department, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
  • A. Asroun Civil Engineering Department, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria

Abstract

An experimental work was undertaken to study the effect of rubber tires on the geotechnical properties of a dredged sediment, using a mixing ratio of large size. For comparison, two types of soil were studied (dredged sediment from Fergoug dam and Tizi Tuff from the north west of Algeria). Taking into account the high compressibility and the low water absorption of the rubber tires, grain size analysis, density, Atterberg limits analysis, chemical composition, direct shear tests, loading-unloading tests, modified Proctor and CBR tests are performed on the two soils and their mixtures with different scrap tire rubber (10, 20, 25 and 50%). The results show that liquid limits and plastic indexes decrease with the scrap tire rubber content and that the decrease is more significant for soil with high plasticity. Cohesion also decreases with scrap tire rubber content when the internal friction angle is vacillating. Compression and recompression indexes increase gradually with the scrap tire rubber content and the variation for compression index is more significant for the two soils. Compaction characteristics and CBR values decrease with scrap tire rubber content. The CBR values for W=3% are important compared to those with W=5% excepted for mixture with (75% tuff and 25% scrap tire rubber). The results show that the scrap tire rubber can be used as a reinforcement material for dredged soil, but with a content that should not highly affect the compressibility.

Keywords:

sediments, waste tires, rubber, valorizing, tests, geotechnical

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Commission on Dams, Dams and development: a new framework for decision-making, Earth Scan Publications Ltd, London, 2000

J. de Vente, J. Poesen, G. Verstraeten, “The application of semi-quantitative methods and reservoir sedimentation rates for the prediction of basin sediment yield in Spain”, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 305, No. 1–4, pp. 63-86, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.08.030

Z. Labiod, H. Trouzine, M. S. Ghembaza, T. Nouioua, Y. Sebaibi, “Experimental investigation of mixtures of bentonite and dredged sediments from Chorfa dam in Algeria” , Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 23, pp. 330-338, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3906/yer-1302-13

A. Semcha, “Valorisation des sédiments de dragage : Applications dans le BTP, cas du barrage de Fergoug” , Thèse 175p . Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France, 2006 (In French)

V. Fonti, A. Dell’ Anno, F. Beolchini, “Influence of biogeochemical interactions on metal bioleaching performance in contaminated marine sediment”, Water Research , Vol. 47, No. 14, pp. 5139-5152, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.05.052

A. J. Koiter, P. N. Owens, E. L. Petticrew, D. A. Lobb, “The behavioural characteristics of sediment properties and their implications for sediment fingerprinting as an approach for identifying sediment sources in river basins”, Journal of Earth-Science Reviews, Vol. 125, pp. 24-42, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.05.009

M. Diaz-Jaramillo, A. Martins Da Rocha, G. Chiang, D. Buchwalter, J. M. Monserrat, R. Barra, “Biochemical and behavioral responses in the estuarine polychaete Perinereis gualpensis (Nereididae) after in situ exposure to polluted sediments”, Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 89, pp. 182-188, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.11.026

C. Y. Chen, C. J. Tien, Y. M. Sun, C. Y. Hsieh, C. C. Lee, “Influence of water quality parameters on occurrence of polybrominated diphenyl ether in sediment and sediment to biota accumulation”, Chemosphere, Vol. 90, pp. 2420-2427, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.10.073

M. Kumar, H. Furumai, F. Kurisu, I. Kasuga, “Tracing source and distribution of heavy metals in road dust, soil and soakaway sediment through speciation and isotopic fingerprinting”, Geoderma, Vol. 211-212, pp. 8-17, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.07.004

M. Miraoui, R. Zentar, N. E. Abriak, “Road material basis in dredged sediment and basic oxygen furnace steel slag”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 30, pp. 309-319, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.11.032

A. Sabbatini, S. Bonatto, S. Bianchelli, A. Pusceddu, R. Danovaro, A. Negri, “Foraminiferal assemblages and trophic state in coastal sediments of the Adriatic Sea”, Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 105-108, pp. 163-174, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.07.009

H. Zhao, X. Li, “Understanding the relationship between heavy metals in road-deposited sediments and washoff particles in urban stormwater using simulated rainfall”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 246-247, pp. 267-276, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.12.035

A. R. Wijaya, A. K. Ouchi, K. Tanaka, R. Shinjo, S. Ohde, “Metal contents and Pb isotopes in road-side dust and sediment of Japan”, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, Vol. 118, pp. 68-76, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.04.009

H. Trouzine, A. Asroun, N. Asroun, F. Belabdelouhab, N. T. Long, “Problématique des pneumatiques usagés en Algérie”, Nature & Technologie, Vol. 5, pp. 28-35, 2011 (in French)

K. A. Venkataraman, K. Kanthavel, B. Nirmal Kumar, “Investigations of response time parameters of a pneumatic 3/2 direct acting solenoid valve under various working pressure conditions”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 502-505, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.360

H. Trouzine, M. Bekhiti, A. Asroun, “Effects of scrap tire rubber fibre on swelling behaviour of two clayey soils in Algeria”, Geosynthetics International, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 124-132, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/gein.2012.19.2.124

NF P 94-051, Sols: Reconnaissance et Essais – Détermination des limites d’Atterberg – Limite de liquidité à la coupelle – limite de plasticité au rouleau. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

NF P 94-054, Sols: reconnaissances et essais, Détermination de la masse volumique des particules solides des sols, Méthode du pycnomètre à eau. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

NF P 94-056, Sols: reconnaissances et essais, Analyse granulométrique, Méthode de tamisage à sec après lavage. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

NF P 94-057, Sols: reconnaissances et essais, Analyse granulométrique des sols, Méthode par sédimentation. Association Française de Normalisation, France. (in French)

NF P 94-068, Sols : Reconnaissance et essais, Mesure de la capacité d'adsorption de bleu de méthylène d'un sol ou d'un matériau rocheux, Détermination de la valeur de bleu de méthylène d'un sol ou d'un matériau rocheux par l'essai à la tache. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

NF EN 1744, Essais visant à déterminer les propriétés chimiques des granulats. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

State of California Department of Transportation, Asphalt rubber usage guide, Sacramento, California, USA, 2006

L. A. Alamo-Nole, O. Perales-Perez, F. R. Roman-Velazquez, “Sorption study of toluene and xylene in aqueous solutions by recycled tires crumb rubber”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 185, No.1, pp. 107-111, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.09.003

T. Amari, N. Themelis, I. Wernick, “Resource Recovery from used rubber tires”, Resources Policy, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 179-188, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4207(99)00025-2

T. L. Nguyen, The pneusol research-projects-prospects, PhD thesis, The National Institute of Applied Sciences in Lyon France 1993

Y. Cai, B. Shi, C. Ng, C. Tang, “Effect of polypropylene fibre and lime admixture on engineering properties of clayey soil", Engineering Geology, Vol. 87, No. 3–4, pp. 230–240, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2006.07.007

S. Akbulut, S. Arasan, E. Kalkan, “Modification of clayey soils using scrap tire rubber and synthetic fibers”, Applied Clay Science, Vol. 38, No. 1-2, pp. 23–32, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2007.02.001

H. Cetin, M. Fener, O. Gunaydin, “Geotechnical properties of tire-cohesive clayey soil mixtures as a fill material”, Engineering Geology, Vol. 88, No. 1-2, pp. 110-120, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2006.09.002

F. G. Bell, Engineering treatment of soils, E & FN Spon, Chapman and Hall, Boundary Row, London, UK, pp302, 1993

C. O. Okagbue, T. U. S. Onyeobi, “Potential of marble dust to stabilise red tropical soils for road construction”, Journal of Engineering Geology, Vol. 53, No. 3-4, pp. 371-380, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(99)00036-8

P. V. Sivapullaiah, A. Sridharan, K. V. Bhaskar Raju, “Role of amount and type of clay in the lime stabilization of soils”, Proceedings of the ICE - Ground Improvement, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 37–45, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1680/grim.2000.4.1.37

R. M. Schmitz, C. Schroeder, R. Charlier, “Chemo-mechanical interactions in clay a correlation between clay mineralogy and Atterberg limits”, Applied Clay Science, Vol. 26, No. 1–4, pp. 351–358, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2003.12.015

K. Ab-Malek, A. Stevenson, “The effect of 42 year immersion in sea-water on natural rubber”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 147-154, 1986 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01144713

H. B. Seed, R. J. J. Woodward, R. Lundgren, “Prediction of swelling potential for compacted clays”, Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation, ASCE, Vol. 88, No. SM-3(Part 1), pp. 53–87, 1962

NF P 94-071-1, Sols: reconnaissance et essai-Essai de cisaillement rectiligne à la boite: cisaillement direct. Association Française de Normalisation, France (in French)

XP P 94-091, Sols: reconnaissances et essais, Essai de gonflement à l'odomètre. Détermination des déformations par chargement de plusieurs éprouvettes. Association Française de Normalisation, France. (in French)

XP P 94-090-1, Sols: reconnaissances et essais, Essai œdométrique, Partie 1: Essai de compressibilité sur matériaux fins quasi saturés avec chargement par paliers. Association Française de Normalisation, France. (in French)

NF P 94-093, Sols : Sols: reconnaissance et essai - Détermination des caractéristiques de compactage d’un sol : essai Proctor normal, essai Proctor modifié.. Association Française de Normalisation, France. (in French)

NF P 94-078. Soils: investigation and tests. CBR after immersion. Immediate CBR. Immediate bearing ratio. Measurement on sample compacted in CBR mould, May 1997 (in French)

K. Hazirbaba, H. Gullu, “California Bearing Ratio improvement and freeze–thaw performance of fine-grained soils treated with geofiber and synthetic fluid”, Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol. 63, No. 1-2, pp. 50-60, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.05.006

B. Yildirima, O. Gunaydin, “Estimation of California bearing ratio by using soft computing systems”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 38, pp. 6381-6391, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2010.12.054

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
H. Sellaf, H. Trouzine, M. Hamhami, and A. Asroun, “Geotechnical Properties of Rubber Tires and Sediments Mixtures”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 618–624, Apr. 2014.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 812
PDF Downloads: 276

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)