A Techno-Economic Viability Analysis of the Two-Axis Tracking Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power System for 25 Selected Coastal Mediterranean Cities

Authors

  • Y. Kassem Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
  • H. Gökçekuş Department of Civil Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
  • H. S. A. Lagili Department of Civil Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
Volume: 11 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 7508-7514 | August 2021 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4251

Abstract

Generating energy from renewable sources, particularly solar energy, offers significant benefits and achieves a more clean and sustainable development. In the present paper, the potential of developing a 4.2kW grid-connected rooftop two-axis tracking PV system in 25 selected coastal Mediterranean cities located in different Arabic countries is evaluated using RETScreen software. The proposed system is serving the basic household energy needs according to the load profile from monthly electrical bills. It is found that the proposed system produces about 8824kW annually, which helps to reduce CO2 emissions. Also, the average energy production cost is assumed to range from 0.0337 to 00.0475$/kWh. It is concluded that the proposed system can provide an effective solution for energy poverty in developing regions with a very positive socio-economic and environmental impact. The small-scale grid-connected PV system will provide the domestic energy needs at a lower energy production cost than the electricity price grid-connected consumers pay. This study demonstrated that generating electricity from solar energy will help reduce the electricity tariff rates and the dependence on fossil fuels.

Keywords:

coastal Mediterranean cities, two-axis sun tracking system, solar energy potential, grid-connected, small scale PV system, RETScreen

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. J. McMichael, "The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries," Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 78, no. 9, pp. 1117–1117, Sep. 2000.

A. Shahsavari and M. Akbari, "Potential of solar energy in developing countries for reducing energy-related emissions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 90, pp. 275–291, Jul. 2018.

Y. Kassem, H. Camur, and O. A. M. Abughinda, "Solar Energy Potential and Feasibility Study of a 10MW Grid-connected Solar Plant in Libya," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 5358–5366, Aug. 2020.

F. Chermat, M. Khemliche, A. E. Badoud, and S. Latreche, "Techno-Economic Feasibility Study of Investigation of Renewable Energy System for Rural Electrification in South Algeria," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3421–3426, Oct. 2018.

F. Chien, H. W. Kamran, G. Albashar, and W. Iqbal, "Dynamic planning, conversion, and management strategy of different renewable energy sources: A Sustainable Solution for Severe Energy Crises in Emerging Economies," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 7745–7758, Feb. 2021.

A. Abdulmula, K. Sopian, C. H. Lim, and A. Fazlizan, "Performance evaluation of standalone double axis solar tracking system with maximum light detection MLD for telecommunication towers in Malaysia," International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 444–453, Mar. 2019.

K. N. Nwaigwe, P. Mutabilwa, and E. Dintwa, "An overview of solar power (PV systems) integration into electricity grids," Materials Science for Energy Technologies, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 629–633, Dec. 2019.

H. Mousazadeh, A. Keyhani, A. Javadi, H. Mobli, K. Abrinia, and A. Sharifi, "A review of principle and sun-tracking methods for maximizing solar systems output," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1800–1818, Oct. 2009.

A. Z. Hafez, A. M. Yousef, and N. M. Harag, "Solar tracking systems: Technologies and trackers drive types – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 91, pp. 754–782, Aug. 2018.

G. C. Lazaroiu, M. Longo, M. Roscia, and M. Pagano, "Comparative analysis of fixed and sun tracking low power PV systems considering energy consumption," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 92, pp. 143–148, Mar. 2015.

M. S. Ismail, M. Moghavvemi, and T. M. I. Mahlia, "Analysis and evaluation of various aspects of solar radiation in the Palestinian territories," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 73, pp. 57–68, Sep. 2013.

S. A. S. Eldin, M. S. Abd-Elhady, and H. A. Kandil, "Feasibility of solar tracking systems for PV panels in hot and cold regions," Renewable Energy, vol. 85, pp. 228–233, Jan. 2016.

H. Camur, Y. Kassem, and E. Alessi, "A Techno-Economic Comparative Study of a Grid-Connected Residential Rooftop PV Panel: The Case Study of Nahr El-Bared, Lebanon," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 6956–6964, Apr. 2021.

H. Z. Al Garni, A. Awasthi, and M. A. M. Ramli, "Optimal design and analysis of grid-connected photovoltaic under different tracking systems using HOMER," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 155, pp. 42–57, Jan. 2018.

A. A. Bayod-Rujula, A. M. Lorente-Lafuente, and F. Cirez-Oto, "Environmental assessment of grid connected photovoltaic plants with 2-axis tracking versus fixed modules systems," Energy, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 3148–3158, May 2011.

A. B. Owolabi, B. E. K. Nsafon, J. W. Roh, D. Suh, and J.-S. Huh, "Validating the techno-economic and environmental sustainability of solar PV technology in Nigeria using RETScreen Experts to assess its viability," Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 36, Dec. 2019, Art. no. 100542.

K. Belkilani, A. Ben Othman, and M. Besbes, "Assessment of global solar radiation to examine the best locations to install a PV system in Tunisia," Applied Physics A, vol. 124, no. 2, Jan. 2018, Art. no. 122.

L. M. Fernandez-Ahumada, J. Ramirez-Faz, R. Lopez-Luque, M. Varo-Martinez, I. M. Moreno-Garcia, and F. Casares de la Torre, "Influence of the design variables of photovoltaic plants with two-axis solar tracking on the optimization of the tracking and backtracking trajectory," Solar Energy, vol. 208, pp. 89–100, Sep. 2020.

J. Reca-Cardena and R. Lopez-Luque, "Design Principles of Photovoltaic Irrigation Systems," in Advances in Renewable Energies and Power Technologies, I. Yahyaoui, Ed. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 2018, pp. 295–333.

T.-C. Cheng, W.-C. Hung, and T.-H. Fang, "Two-Axis Solar Heat Collection Tracker System for Solar Thermal Applications," International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2013, Nov. 2013, Art. no. e803457.

H. Iftikhar, E. Sarquis, and P. J. C. Branco, "Why Can Simple Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Practices in Large-Scale Grid-Connected PV Power Plants Play a Key Role in Improving Its Energy Output?," Energies, vol. 14, no. 13, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 3798.

Y. Kassem, H. Camur, and R. A. F. Aateg, "Exploring Solar and Wind Energy as a Power Generation Source for Solving the Electricity Crisis in Libya," Energies, vol. 13, no. 14, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 3708.

"Fronius Symo 4.5-3-M Light 4.5 kW Solar Inverter," 0Bills DIY Solar, Panels, Complete Systems, 12V, 24V and 48V Batteries For Energy Independence. https://www.zerohomebills.com/product/fronius-symo-4-5-3-m-light-4-5-kw-solar-inverter/ (accessed Aug. 06, 2021).

K. Ram, P. K. Swain, R. Vallabhaneni, and A. Kumar, "Critical assessment on application of software for designing hybrid energy systems," Materials Today: Proceedings, Mar. 2021.

B. Brahma and R. Wadhvani, "Solar Irradiance Forecasting Based on Deep Learning Methodologies and Multi-Site Data," Symmetry, vol. 12, no. 11, Nov. 2020, Art. no. 1830.

B. Amrouche, L. Sicot, A. Guessoum, and M. Belhamel, "Experimental analysis of the maximum power point’s properties for four photovoltaic modules from different technologies: Monocrystalline and polycrystalline silicon, CIS and CdTe," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 118, pp. 124–134, Nov. 2013.

W. D. Lubitz, "Effect of manual tilt adjustments on incident irradiance on fixed and tracking solar panels," Applied Energy, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 1710–1719, May 2011.

A. Mehmood, F. A. Shaikh, and A. Waqas, "Modeling of the solar photovoltaic systems to fulfill the energy demand of the domestic sector of Pakistan using RETSCREEN software," in International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, Pattaya, Thailand, Mar. 2014, pp. 1–7.

A. Khandelwal and V. Shrivastava, "Viability of grid-connected solar PV system for a village of rajasthan," in International Conference on Information, Communication, Instrumentation and Control, Indore, India, Aug. 2017, pp. 1–6.

H. A. Kazem and M. T. Chaichan, "Status and future prospects of renewable energy in Iraq," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 6007–6012, Oct. 2012.

M. Obeng, S. Gyamfi, N. S. Derkyi, A. T. Kabo-bah, and F. Peprah, "Technical and economic feasibility of a 50 MW grid-connected solar PV at UENR Nsoatre Campus," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 247, Feb. 2020, Art. no. 119159.

K. Mohammadi, M. Naderi, and M. Saghafifar, "Economic feasibility of developing grid-connected photovoltaic plants in the southern coast of Iran," Energy, vol. 156, pp. 17–31, Aug. 2018.

M. A. Vaziri Rad, A. Toopshekan, P. Rahdan, A. Kasaeian, and O. Mahian, "A comprehensive study of techno-economic and environmental features of different solar tracking systems for residential photovoltaic installations," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 129, Sep. 2020, Art. no. 109923.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and H. S. A. Lagili, “A Techno-Economic Viability Analysis of the Two-Axis Tracking Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Power System for 25 Selected Coastal Mediterranean Cities”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 7508–7514, Aug. 2021.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 63
PDF Downloads: 56

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)