Solar Energy Potential and Feasibility Study of a 10MW Grid-connected Solar Plant in Libya

  • Y. Kassem Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
  • H. Camur Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
  • O. A. M. Abughinda Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
Volume: 10 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 5358-5366 | August 2020 |


Libya is currently interested in utilizing renewable energy technologies to reduce the energy dependence on oil reserves and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. The objective of this study is to investigate the feasibility of a 10MW grid-connected PV power plant in Libya. NASA data are used to analyze the global horizontal irradiation, direct normal irradiation, and air temperature of 22 selected locations in Libya and to evaluate the potential of solar energy. RETScreen software is used to estimate the energy production, GHG emissions, and financial parameters for the 22 locations. Based on the solar atlas map, it is noticed that the highest global horizontal irradiation is in the southern part of Libya, which ranged from 2100 to 2500kWh/m2. These results indicate that Libya has a huge solar energy potential that can be used to ‎generate electricity. Moreover, based on techno-economic results, it is observed that the highest electricity generation of 22067.13MWh is recorded at Al Κufrah and the lowest at Al Jabal al Akhdar with a value of 17891.38MWh. Furthermore, Al Kufrah and Murzuq are the best locations for the future installation of PV power plants from annual energy and the economic parameters point of view. The maximum value of power that can be generated by the plant was estimated to be 22.06GW.

Keywords: Libya, NASA data, solar energy potential, RETScreen, techno-economic analysis


Download data is not yet available.


L. D. V. Burton, Agriscience: fundamentals and applications, Australia: Cengage, 2019.

Y. Zhou, W. X. Wu, and G. X. Liu, “Assessment of Onshore Wind Energy Resource and Wind-Generated Electricity Potential in Jiangsu, China,” Energy Procedia, vol. 5, pp. 418–422, 2011. DOI:

N. A. Arreyndip and E. Joseph, “Small 500 kW onshore wind farm project in Kribi, Cameroon: Sizing and checkers layout optimization model,” Energy Reports, vol. 4, pp. 528–535, Nov. 2018. DOI:

R. Goura, “Analyzing the on-field performance of a 1-megawatt-grid-tied PV system in South India,” International Journal of Sustainable Energy, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–9, Jan. 2015. DOI:

A. B. Owolabi, B. E. K. Nsafon, J. W. Roh, D. Suh, and J.-S. Huh, “Validating the techno-economic and environmental sustainability of solar PV technology in Nigeria using RETScreen Experts to assess its viability,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 36, Dec. 2019, Art. no. 100542. DOI:

N. M. Kumar, K. Sudhakar, and M. Samykano, “Techno-economic analysis of 1 MWp grid connected solar PV plant in Malaysia,” International Journal of Ambient Energy, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 434–443, May 2019. DOI:

A. Poullikkas, “Parametric cost–benefit analysis for the installation of photovoltaic parks in the island of Cyprus,” Energy Policy, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 3673–3680, Sep. 2009.

K. Mohammadi, M. Naderi, and M. Saghafifar, “Economic feasibility of developing grid-connected photovoltaic plants in the southern coast of Iran,” Energy, vol. 156, pp. 17–31, Aug. 2018. DOI:

Y. Kassem, R. Al Zoubi, and H. Gokcekus, “The Possibility of Generating Electricity Using Small-Scale Wind Turbines and Solar Photovoltaic Systems for Households in Northern Cyprus: A Comparative Study,” Environments, vol. 6, no. 4, Apr. 2019, Art. no. 47. DOI:

S. Rehman, M. A. Ahmed, M. H. Mohamed, and F. A. Al-Sulaiman, “Feasibility study of the grid connected 10MW installed capacity PV power plants in Saudi Arabia,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 80, pp. 319–329, Dec. 2017. DOI:

M. S. Adaramola, “Viability of grid-connected solar PV energy system in Jos, Nigeria,” International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 61, pp. 64–69, Oct. 2014. DOI:

A. Asheibe and A. Khalil, “The Renewable Energy in Libya: Present Difficulties and Remedies,” in Proceedings of the World Congress on Renewable Energy, Australia, 2013.

“Global Solar Atlas.”,17&m=site&c=27,17,11 (accessed Apr. 27, 2020).

A. M. A. Mohamed, A. Al-Habaibeh, and H. Abdo, “An investigation into the current utilisation and prospective of renewable energy resources and technologies in Libya,” Renewable Energy, vol. 50, pp. 732–740, Feb. 2013. DOI:

S. Alweheshi, A. Abdelali, Z. Rajab, A. Khalil, and F. Mohamed, “Photovoltaic Solar Energy Applications in Libya: A Survey,” in 2019 10th International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC), Mar. 2019, pp. 1–6. DOI:

A. Khalil, Z. Rajab, M. Amhammed, and A. Asheibi, “The benefits of the transition from fossil fuel to solar energy in Libya: A street lighting system case study,” Applied Solar Energy, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 138–151, Apr. 2017. DOI:

M. Zuheir et al., “A comparison between solar thermal and photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) systems for typical household in Libya,” in 2017 4th IEEE International Conference on Engineering Technologies and Applied Sciences (ICETAS), Nov. 2017, pp. 1–6. DOI:

A. Kadem, Z. Rajab, A. Khalil, A. Tahir, A. Alfergani, and F. A. Mohamed, “Economic feasibility, design, and simulation of centralized PV power plant,” in 2018 9th International Renewable Energy Congress (IREC), Mar. 2018. DOI:

H. S. A. Embirsh and Y. A. M. Ikshadah, “Future of Solar Energy in Libya,” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 33–35, 2017.

A. Bodetti, “Could solar power be the answer to Libya’s energy problems?,” alaraby.

/9/6/developing-solar-power-energy-in-libya (accessed Apr. 28, 2020).

O. A. Mohamed and S. H. Masood, “A brief overview of solar and wind energy in Libya: Current trends and the future development,” IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 377, Jun. 2018, Art no. 012136. DOI:

Y. Aldali, D. Henderson, and T. Muneer, “A 50 MW very large-scale photovoltaic power plant for Al-Kufra, Libya: energetic, economic and environmental impact analysis,” International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 277–293, Dec. 2011. DOI:

“Libya aims to get about fifth of power from solar by 2020,” Reuters, Apr. 11, 2013.

“LIBYA: Government launches construction of a solar power plant in Kufra,” Afrik 21, Mar. 16, 2020. (accessed Apr. 27, 2020).

Y. Kassem, H. Camur, and S. M. A. Alhuoti, “Solar Energy Technology for Northern Cyprus: Assessment, Statistical Analysis, and Feasibility Study,” Energies, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1–29, 2020. DOI:

B. Shiva Kumar and K. Sudhakar, “Performance evaluation of 10 MW grid connected solar photovoltaic power plant in India,” Energy Reports, vol. 1, pp. 184–192, Nov. 2015. DOI:

A. Mehmood, F. A. Shaikh, and A. Waqas, “Modeling of the solar photovoltaic systems to fulfill the energy demand of the domestic sector of Pakistan using RETSCREEN software,” in 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development (ICUE), Pattaya, Thailand, Mar. 2014, pp. 1–7.

A. Gungah, N. V. Emodi, and M. O. Dioha, “Improving Nigeria’s renewable energy policy design: A case study approach,” Energy Policy, vol. 130, pp. 89–100, Jul. 2019. DOI:

J.-H. Yoon and K. Sim, “Why is South Korea’s renewable energy policy failing? A qualitative evaluation,” Energy Policy, vol. 86, pp. 369–379, Nov. 2015. DOI:

R. Haas, C. Panzer, G. Resch, M. Ragwitz, G. Reece, and A. Held, “A historical review of promotion strategies for electricity from renewable energy sources in EU countries,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1003–1034, Feb. 2011.


Abstract Views: 170
PDF Downloads: 128

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share