Influence of Squeezing Rate on Yield Stress and Viscosity of Fresh Mortar
In the present work, squeeze flow techniques were used to investigate the influence of squeezing rates on the yield stress of mortars in fresh state. The tested samples were prepared under similar conditions of room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The fresh mortars were tested at three squeezing rates (20 and 200mm/s) 15 minutes after mixing. The results show that the material’s yield stress increases with the increasing of the squeeze velocity. This increase is evident at low tensile speeds and is not obvious at high tack velocity. Elongational viscosity values increased as a result of the gap reduction for all the tested samples. However, when the squeeze speed was high, the strain rate increased because of the high displacement rates, a significant reduction in the mortar’s elongational viscosity was observed compared with those obtained when the squeeze speed was low. Despite that this behavior is associated with fluid-solid phase separation, which occurs for low displacement rates, these viscosity values actually represent the behavior of the material in practical situations when submitted to different velocities. The increase in the displacement rate of one order of magnitude caused a reduction in the viscosity of one order of magnitude.
Keywords:squeeze flow technique, fresh mortar, yield stress, viscosity
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