Identification of Building Failure Indicators
A most frequent problem in the construction industry of Pakistan is the failure of structures, especially buildings, before their expected design life. Structural failure in buildings at the time of construction or after completion may result in human casualties, waste of money, social disturbance, and clashes, and claims between stakeholders. Many researches have already been conducted about key causes which lead a structure to fail at later stages. This research is pursuing to analyze early building failure indicators (BFIs) in Pakistan. Indicators and causes emerged from a thorough literature review, past projects, and site visits of various projects in Pakistan. The causes were grouped in sets of BFIs with the consent of structural experts. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS using mean value. Critical reasoning and conceivable recommendations are suggested by the opinion of experienced stakeholders having worked at various projects in Pakistan. The identification of these indicators is a key interest research topic for the country, as it would possibly reduce the failures of buildings in the future, saving lives, money, time, and conflicts among stakeholders.
M. K. Parfitt, “Why buildings fail: Are we learning from our mistakes?”, Buildings, Vol. 2, pp. 326–331, 2012
K. Wardhana, F. C. Hadipriono, “Study of recent building failures in the United States”, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 151–158, 2003
M. Sambasivan, Y. W. Soon, “Causes and effects of delays in Malaysian construction industry”, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 517-526, 2007
T. Z. Blaszczynski, P. W. Sielicki, “The influence of design and contractor errors on the failure of a tenement building”, Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 97, pp. 676-689, 2019
J. M. Adam, M. Buitrago, “Learning from failures in an emblematic building in Valencia, Spain”, Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 92, pp. 418-429, 2018
L. M. Olanitori, “Causes of structural failures of a building: Case study of a building at Oba-Ile, Akure”, Journal of Building Appraisal, Vol. 6, No. 3-4, pp. 277-284, 2011
B. S. Olusola, O. Akintayo, “An assessment of failure of building components in Nigeria”, Journal of Building Appraisal, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 279-286, 2009
J. S. Khan, R. Zakaria, E. Aminuddin, N. I. Abidin, R. S. Sahamir, R. Ahmad, D. N. Abas, “Web-Based Automation of Green Building Rating Index and Life Cycle Cost Analysis”, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 143, Article ID 012062, 2018
A. H. Memon, N. A. Memon, A. N. Laghari, M. A. Akhund, S. Ahmed, U. Imad, “Common factors of cost escalation in construction industry of Pakistan”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 3508-3511, 2018
S. Sohu, A. H. Abdullah, S. Nagapan, A. A. Jhatial, K. Ullah, I. A. Bhatti, “Significant mitigation measures for critical factors of cost overrun in highway projects”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 2770-2774, 2018
S. Sohu, A. A. Jhatial, K. Ullah, M. T. Lakhair, J. S. Khan, “Determining the critical success factors for highway construction projects in Pakistan”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 2685-2688, 2018
D. M. Mirzai, “Identifying the effective factors for cost overrun and time delay in water construction projects”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 1062-1066, 2016
I. O. Adetunji, Sustainable Construction: A Web-Based Performance Assessment Tool, PhD Thesis, Loughborough University, 2005
O. Hatherley, Building for Brexit: How Architecture Heralded the Failure of Project Europe, The Guardian, 2018
M. A. Akhund, A. R. Khoso, J. S. Khan, H. U. Imad, K. M. Memon, “Prompting cost overrun factors during PCP in construction projects”, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 1-7, 2019
N. I. Abidin, E. Aminuddin, R. Zakaria, S. M. Shamsuddin, S. R. Sahamir, J. Shahzaib, D. N. Abas, “Development of Weightage for Criteria Affecting in Retrofitting of Existing Building in Higher Learning Institution with Clean Energy Initiatives”, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmetal Science, Vol. 143, Article ID 012033, 2018
E. So, R. Spence, A. Khan, T. Lindawati, “Building Damage and Casualties in Recent Earthquakes and Tsunamis in Asia: A Cross-Event Survey of Survivors”, 14th World Conferecne Earthquake Engineering, Bejing, China, October 12-17, 2008
M. Buitrago, J. Sagaseta, J. M. Adam, “Effects of sudden failure of shoring elements in concrete building structures under construction”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 172, pp. 508-522, 2018
UN, Global Sustainable Development Report, 2015 Edition, Advance Unedited Version, UN, 2015
A. R. Khoso, A. H. Memon, A. A. Pathan, M. A. Akhund, “Solid waste management issues in Hyderabad city”, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 653-662, 2018
PDF Downloads 69
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- A. R. Khoso, M. A. Akhund, A. H. Memon, F. Siddiqui, S. H. Khahro, Health and Safety of Hyderabad Industries’ Labor. Causes and Awareness , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 7 No. 6 (2017): December, 2017
- M. A. Akhund, A. R. Khoso, A. A. Pathan, H. U. Imad, F. Siddiqui, Risk Attributes, Influencing the Time and Cost Overrun in Joint Venture Construction Projects of Pakistan , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 8 No. 4 (2018): August, 2018
- M. A. Akhund, H. U. Imad, N. A. Memon, F. Siddiqui, A. R. Khoso, A. A. Panhwar, Contributing Factors of Time Overrun in Public Sector Construction Projects , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 8 No. 5 (2018): October, 2018
- F. Siddiqui, M. A. Akhund, A. H. Memon, A. R. Khoso, H. U. Imad, Health and Safety Issues of Industry Workmen , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 8 No. 4 (2018): August, 2018
- J. S. Khan, S. Khoso, Z. Iqbal, S. Sohu, M. A. Keerio, An Outlook of Ozone Air Pollution through Comparative Analysis of Artificial Neural Network, Regression, and Sensitivity ModelsAn Outlook of Ozone Air Pollution Through Comparative Analysis of Artificial Neural Network, Regression, and Sensitivity Models , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 8 No. 5 (2018): October, 2018