Effect of River Indus Sand and Recycled Concrete Aggregates as Fine and Coarse Replacement on Properties of Concrete
As the demand for concrete rises, the concrete materials demand increases. Aggregates occupy 75% of concrete. A vast amount of aggregates is utilized in concrete while aggregate natural resources are reducing. To overcome this problem, River Indus sand (RIS) and recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) were utilized as fine and coarse aggregate respectively. The aim of this experimental investigation is to evaluate the workability, and compressive and tensile strength of concrete utilizing RIS and RCA. Concrete samples of 1:2:4 proportions were cast, water cured for 7, 14, 21 and 28 days, and tested for compressive and tensile strength. The outcomes demonstrate that concrete possessed less workability when RIS and RCA were utilized. It was predicted that compressive strength of concrete would reduce up to 1.5% when 50% RIS and 50% RCA were utilized in concrete and 11.5% when natural aggregate was fully replaced by RIS and RCA, whereas the tensile strength decreased up to 1.60% when 50% by 12% respectively.
Keywords:compressive strength, split tensile strength, workability, River Indus sand (RIS), recycled concrete aggregates (RCA)
E. Aprianti, “A huge number of artificial waste material can be supplementary cementitious material (SCM) for concrete production -a review part II”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 142, No. 4, pp. 4178-4194, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.12.115
Z. Li, “Introduction to Concrete” in: Advanced Concrete Technology, John Wiley and Sons, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470950067
A. A. Jhatial, S. Sohu, N. K. Bhatti, M. T. Lakhiar, R. Oad, “Effect of Steel Fibres on the Compressive and Flexural Strength of Concrete”, International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences Vol. 5, No. 10, pp. 16 -21, 2018
M. T. Lakhiar, S. Sohu, I. A. Bhatti, N. K. Bhatti, S. A. Abbasi, M. Tarique, “Flexural Performance of Concrete Reinforced by Plastic Fibers”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 3041-3043, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2084
A. M. Neville, Properties of Concrete, pp. 400-407, Prentice Hall, 2011
C. S. Poon, Z. H. Shui, L. Lam, H. Fok, S. C. Kou, “Influence of Moisture States of Natural and Recycled Aggregates on the Slump and Compressive Strength of Concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 31-36, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00186-8
A. Omoregie, O. E. Alutu, “The Influence of Fine Aggregate Combinations on Particle Size Distribution, Grading Parameter, and Compressive Strength of Sandcrete Blocks”, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 10, pp. 1271-1278, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1139/l06-059
M. T. Lakhiar, N. Mohamad, S. Sohu, A. A. Jhatial, M. Oad, “Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing River Indus Sand and Recyclable Concrete Aggregate”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp. 1869-1876, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091121
D. K. Bangwar, A. Saand, M. A. Keerio, M. A. Soomro, A. N. Laghari, “Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Locally Available Brick Aggregate”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 2266-2267, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1587
A. A. Jhatial, W. I. Goh, N. Mohamad, S. Sohu, M. T. Lakhiar, “Utilization of Palm Oil Fuel Ash and Eggshell Powder as Partial Cement Replacement - A Review”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp. 1977-1984, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091131
A. A. Jhatial, S. Sohu, M. T. Lakhiar, J. Shahzaib, A. A. Buriro, “Effectiveness of Locally Available Superplasticizers on the Workability and Strength of Concrete”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 12, pp. 2919-2925, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091208
A. Khitab, M. T. Arshad, F. M. Awan, I. Khan, “Development of an acid resistant concrete: a review”, International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 33-38, 2013
A. D. Raval, A. Pamnani, A. I. Kachwala, “Foundry sand: utilization as a partial replacement of fine aggregate for establishing sustainable concrete”, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 308-311, 2015
K. Amrutha, S. Adharsh, K. Ashirwad, K. Fareen, M. Najila, R. Praseedha, “Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate by Used Foundry Sand in Concrete”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 165-169, 2017
D. R. Bhimani, J. Pitroda, J. J. Bhavsar, “Used foundry sand: opportunities for development of ecofriendly low cost concrete”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 63 -66, 2013
M. T. Lakhiar, N. Mohamad, M. A. B. Shaikh, A. A. Vighio, A. A. Jhatial, A. A. A. Samad, “Effect of River Indus Sand on Concrete Tensile Strength”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 2796-2798, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1869
F. R. Salehlamein, M. Solikin, I. Sunarjono, “Effect of Recycled Coarse Aggregate on Concrete Properties”, International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology”, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 19060-19068, 2015
N. Bheel, S. L. Meghwar, S. Sohu, A. R. Khoso, A. Kumar, Z. H. Shaikh, “Experimental Study on Recycled Concrete Aggregates with Rice Husk Ash as Partial Cement Replacement”, Civil Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 10, pp. 2305-2314, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-03091160
S. P. Yap, P. Z. C. Chen, Y. Goh, H. A. Ibrahim, K. H. Mo, C. W. Yuen, “Characterization of pervious concrete with blended natural aggregate and recycled concrete aggregates”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 181, pp. 155-165, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.205
ASTM, ASTM C143/C143M-15, Standard Test Method for Slump of Hydraulic-Cement Concrete), ASTM International
ASTM, ASTM C39/C39M-18, Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete, ASTM International
ASTM , ASTM C496/C496M -17, Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM International
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 476
PDF Downloads: 222
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.