Effect of Prepackaged Polymer on Compressive, Tensile and Flexural Strength of Mortar


  • N. A. Memon Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • A. H. Larik Department of Civil Engineering, Swedish College of Engineering and Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan
  • M. A. Bhutto Department of Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan
  • N. A. Lakho Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Sciences & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • M. A. Memon Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • A. N. Memon Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan


Synthetic materials, like various types of polymers, are introduced as having cementitious qualities, which improve the system of pores of mortars and concretes by the formations of polymer films and thereby enhancing their strength and durability. This experimental study focuses to use a water-based pre-packaged grout powder containing polymer as cementitious material available in the local market under the brand ‘Hi- bond (universal)’ in mortar. The Hi-bond is added in mortar as partial replacement of cement. The replacement levels were from 2.5% to 10% of cement by weight with an increment of 2.5%. In addition, same proportions mortar without Hi-bond, was also tested to compare the Hi-Bond effectiveness in mortar. Mortars of three proportions; 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4 were cast and tested. The water-binder ratio was fixed at 0.5. The specimens were cured in three curing conditions i.e., water, room temperature and natural environment (outside the room, open to sky). All specimens were tested after 28 days of curing. The mortar performance with and without Hi-Bond was investigated in terms of compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength. Enhancements in almost all the strength properties of mortar with Hi-bond were observed. A pronounced effect of curing condition and the mortar proportion is observed on the strength properties of the prepackaged polymer.


prepackaged polymer mortar, compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength


Download data is not yet available.


A. A. Jatoi, Strength properties of cement mortar with silica fume, MSc Thesis, QUEST, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan, 2014

E. Sassoni, V. Sarti, A. Bellini, C. Mazzotti, E. Franzoni, “The role of mortar joints in FRP debonding from masonry”, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 135, pp. 166-174, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.10.021

F. Ceroni, M. Leone, V. Rizzo, A. Bellini, C. Mazzotti, “Influence of mortar joints on the behaviour of FRP materials bonded to different masonry substrates”, Engineering Structures, Vol. 153, pp. 550-568, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.10.030

N. A. Memon, S. R, Sumadi, M. Ramli, “Ferrocement Encased Lightweight Aerated Concrete: A Novel Approach to Produce Sandwich Composite”, Materials Letters, Vol. 61, No. 19-20, pp. 4035-4038, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2007.01.039

A. Bourguiba, E. Ghorbel, L. Cristofol, W. Dhaoui, “Effects of recycled sand on the properties and durability of polymer and cement based mortars”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 153, pp. 44-54, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.029

N. A. Memon, S. R, Sumadi, M. Ramli, “Performance of high workability slag-cement mortar for ferrocement”, Building and Environment, Vol. 42, No. 7, pp. 2710-2717, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.07.015

L. Senff, R. C. E. Modolo, G. Ascensao, D. Hotza, V. M. Ferreira, J. A. Labrincha, “Development of mortars containing superabsorbent polymer”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 95, pp. 575-584, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.07.173

N. A. Memon, N. U. Keerio, M. A. Bhutto, S. R. Sumadi, “Experimental Study of Compressive Strength of Resin Grout with Marble Powder”, European International Journal of Science Technology (IJEAT), Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 87-95, 2014

E. Knapen, D. Van Gemert, “Polymer film formation in cement mortars modified with water-soluble polymers”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 58, pp. 23-28, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2014.11.015

J. A. Thamboo, M. Dhanasekar, “Characterisation of thin layer polymer cement mortared concrete masonry bond Construction and Building Materials”, Vol. 82, pp. 71-80, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.12.098

M. U. K. Afridi, S. A. Rizwan, J. I. Memon, “A Revolutionary Prepackaged polymer modified super plasticizer mortar with field applications and Economic advantages”, Pakistan Engineering Congress 68th Annual session proceedings, pp. 371-381, 2001

ACI Committee 548, “Abstract of: State-of-the-Art Report on Polymer-Modified Concrete”, Materials Journal, Vol. 91, No. 5, pp. 511-515, 1994 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/9761

Y. Ohama, “Principle of latex modification and some typical properties of latex modified mortar and concrete”, Materials Journal, Vol. 84, No. 6, pp. 511–518, 1987 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/2463

J. Mirza, M. S. Mirza, R. Lapointe, “Laboratory and field performance of polymer-modified cement-based repair mortars in cold climates”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 16, No. 6, pp. 365-374, 2002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0950-0618(02)00027-2

U. Müller, L. Miccoli, P. Fontana, “Development of a lime based grout for cracks repair in earthen constructions“, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 110, pp. 323-332, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.030

M. Drdacky, F. Fratini, D. Frankeova, Z. Slizkova, “The Roman mortars used in the construction of the Ponte di Augusto (Narni, Italy)”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 38, pp. 1117-1128, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.09.044

K. A. Gour, R. Ramadoss, T. Selvaraj, “Revamping the traditional air lime mortar using the natural polymer –Areca nut for restoration application“, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 164, pp. 255-264, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.12.056

B. Isikdag, I. B. Topcu, “The effect of ground granulated blast-furnace slag on properties of Horasan mortar”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 40, pp. 448-454, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.11.016

M. Martínez-López, G. Martínez-Barrera, L. C. S. Nunes, J. M. L. Reis, H. S. da Costa Mattos, “Mixed mode fracture analysis in a polymer mortar using the Brazilian disk test”, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, Vol. 154, pp. 140-151, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2016.01.007

Y. Ohama, “Polymer-based admixtures”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 20, No. 2-3, pp. 189-212, 1998 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-9465(97)00065-6

S. I. Schneider, D. R. DeWacher, J. G. Palmer, “Redispersible polymer powders for tough, flexible cement mortars”, In: Polymer–Modified Hydraulic–Cement Mixture, ASTM International, pp. 76-89, 1993 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1520/STP25547S

A. Saand, Characteristics & performance of concrete modified with prepackaged polymer-modified mortar, PhD Thesis, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 2008

A. Saand, M. Ismail, S. R. Sumadi, “Influence of prepackaged polymer-Modified Mortar as a Modifier on strength of Concrete”, Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, pp. 4023-4027, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2007.4023.4027

S. Ahmad, A. Elahi, S. A. Barbhuiya, Y. Farid, “Use of Polymer modified mortar in controlling cracks in reinforced concrete beams”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 91-96, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.08.023

M. U. K Afridi, Y. Ohama, S. Mubin, “Use of prepackaged polymer-modified mortars as an effective earth quake resistant material”, Science International (Lahore), Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 1247-1251, 2014

B. Craeye, M. Geirnaert, G. D. Schutter, “Super absorbing polymers as an internal curing agent for mitigation of early-age cracking of high-performance concrete bridge decks”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp.1-13, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.06.063

ACI Committee E706, Field Guide to Concrete Repair Application Procedures: Structural crack repair by epoxy injection (ACI RAP Bulletin 1), ACI, 2003

C. A. Issa, P. Debs, “Experimental study of epoxy repairing of cracks in concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 157-63, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.06.030

E. David, C. Djelal, F. Buyle–Bodin, “Repair and strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using composite materials”, In: 2nd international PhD Symposiumin civil engineering, Budapest, pp. 23-34, 1998

D. Kachlakev, D. D. McCurry, “Behavior of full-scale reinforced concrete beams retrofitted for shear and flexural with FRP Laminates”, Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 31, No. 6-7, pp.445-452, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-8368(00)00023-8


How to Cite

N. A. Memon, A. H. Larik, M. A. Bhutto, N. A. Lakho, M. A. Memon, and A. N. Memon, “Effect of Prepackaged Polymer on Compressive, Tensile and Flexural Strength of Mortar”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 3044–3047, Jun. 2018.


Abstract Views: 942
PDF Downloads: 389

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>