Remediation of Sulfidic Wastewater by Aeration in the Presence of Ultrasonic Vibration
In the current study, the aerial oxidation of sodium sulfide in the presence of ultrasonic vibration is investigated. Sulfide analysis was carried out by the methylene blue method. Sodium sulfide is oxidized to elemental sulfur in the presence of ultrasonic vibration. The influence of air flow rate, initial sodium sulfide concentration and ultrasonic vibration intensity on the oxidation of sodium sulfide was investigated. The rate law equation regarding the oxidation of sulfide was determined from the experimental data. The order of reaction with respect to sulfide and oxygen was found to be 0.36 and 0.67 respectively. The overall reaction followed nearly first order kinetics.
Keywords:aeration, sulfide oxidation, ultrasonic vibration, kinetics, remediation, environment, air flow rate
M. Ksibi, “Chemical oxidation with hydrogen peroxide for domestic wastewater treatment”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 119, No. 2–3, pp. 161–165, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.03.022
M. Seredych, T. J. Bandosz, “Adsorption of hydrogen sulfide on graphite derived materials modified by incorporation of nitrogen”, Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 113, No. 2–3, pp. 946–952, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2008.08.073
F. Ahmad, S. Maitra, N. Ahmad, “Treatment of Sulfidic Wastewater Using Iron Salts”, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 1455–1462, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-016-2315-z
C. E. Ellis, “Wet Air Oxidation of Refmery Spent Caustic”, Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 28–30, 1998 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.670170116
W. Spiller, D. Wöhrle, G. Schulz-Ekloff, W. T. Ford, G. Schneider, J. Stark, “Photo-oxidation of sodium sulfide by sulfonated phthalocyanines in oxygen-saturated aqueous solutions containing detergents or latexes”, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 161–173, 1996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/1010-6030(95)04248-2
C. A. Linkous, C. Huang, J. R. Fowler, “UV photochemical oxidation of aqueous sodium sulfide to produce hydrogen and sulfur”, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 168, No. 3, pp. 153–160, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2004.03.028
R. Munter, “Advanced Oxidation Processes - Current status and prospects”, Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Chemistry, Vol. 50, pp. 59–80, 2011
J. G. Bain, D. W. Blowes, W. D. Robertson, E. O. Frind, “Modelling of sulfide oxidation with reactive transport at a mine drainage site”, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Vol. 41, No. 1–2, pp. 23–47, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7722(99)00069-8
N. Ahmad, S. Maitra, B. K. Dutta, F. Ahmad, “Remediation of sulfidic wastewater by catalytic oxidation with hydrogen peroxide”, Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 12, pp. 1735–1740, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62481-X
[F. P. van der Zee, S. Villaverde, P. A. García, F. Fdz.-Polanco, “Sulfide removal by moderate oxygenation of anaerobic sludge environments”, Bioresource Technology, Vol. 98, No. 3, pp. 518–524, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.02.011
Y. Ueno, A. Williams, “A New Method for Sodium Sulfide Removal From an Aqueous Solution and Application to Industrial WasteWater and Sludge”, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 11, pp. 23–42, 1979 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00163516
N. Ahmad, F. Ahmad, I. Khan, A. D. Khan, “Studies on the Oxidative Removal of Sodium Thiosulfate from Aqueous Solution”, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 289–293, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-014-1473-0
T. Sakai, K. Sawada, N. Ohi, “A Kinetic Study of Liquid-phase Oxidation of Sodium Sulfide with Oxygen Catalyzed by Rate of Gas flow”, Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 331–334, 1980 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1252/jcej.13.331
M. Kirihara, J. Yamamoto, T. Noguchi, Y. Hirai, “Selective synthesis of sulfoxides and sulfones by tantalum (V) catalyzed oxidation of sulfides with 30% hydrogen peroxide”, Tetrahedron Letters, Vol. 50, No. 11, pp. 1180–1183, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tetlet.2008.12.064
P. K. Dutta, K. Rabaey, Z. Yuan, J. Keller, “Spontaneous electrochemical removal of aqueous sulfide”, Water Research, Vol. 42, No. 20, pp. 4965–4975, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2008.09.007
A. H. Nielsen, T. Hvitved-Jacobsen, J. Vollertsen, “Effects of Iron on Chemical Sulfide Oxidation in Wastewater from Sewer Networks”, Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 6, pp. 655–658, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2007)133:6(655)
V. Iliev, A. Mihaylova, “Photooxidation of sodium sulfide and sodium thiosulfate under irradiation with visible light catalyzed by water soluble polynuclear phthalocyanine complexes”, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 149, No. 1–3, pp. 23–30, 2002 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1010-6030(01)00655-4
N. K. Shammas, J. Y. Yang, P. C. Yuan, Y. T. Hung, “Photochemical treatment processes”, in: Handbook of Environmental Engineering, 3rd Edition, Springer, pp. 229–270, 2007
F. Zhao, N. Rahunen, J. R. Varcoe, A. J. Roberts, C. Avignone-Rossa, A. E. Thumser, R. C. T. Slade, “Factors affecting the performance of microbial fuel cells for sulfur pollutants removal”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Vol. 24, No. 7, pp. 1931–1936, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2008.09.030
D. Mallik, S. K. Chaudhuri, “Air Oxidation of Aqueous Sodium Sulfide”, Water Research, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 585-590, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00205-X
D. J. O’Brien, F. B. Birkner, “Kinetics of Oxygenation of Reduced Sulfur Species in Aqueous Solution”, Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 12, pp. 1114–1120, 1977 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/es60135a009
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 412
PDF Downloads: 213
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.