Quality Analysis of Urea Plant Wastewater and its Impact on Surface Water Bodies

Authors

  • A. N. Laghari Department of Chemical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • Z. A. Siyal Department of Energy & Environment Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Pakistan
  • M. A. Soomro Department of Civil Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • D. K. Bangwar Civil Engineering Department, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • A. J. Khokhar Department of Energy and Environment, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • H. L. Soni Department of Chemical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Pakistan
Volume: 8 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 2699-2703 | April 2018 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1767

Abstract

This study was conducted on the canal water that flows besides an urea manufacturing facility. The study focused to evaluate the impact of facility’s effluents. The canal water quality is being affected drastically due to heavy load of pollutants discharged. Samples were collected by grab sampling method, from various locations. These samples were analyzed regarding physiochemical parameters, i.e. temperature, pH, TDS, TSS, BOD5, COD, heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Cr, Mn) and NH3 content. The canal water quality deteriorates after receiving a substantial load of effluents discharged from urea fertilizer plant. The results compared with WHO and NEQS, showed that the effluent samples had alkaline nature with a high level of ammonia and BOD5 and are not safe for aquatic life and environment. It is therefore recommended that discharge of untreated effluents should be stopped, or allowed within safe limits.

Keywords:

wastewater, water quality, physiochemical analysis

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How to Cite

[1]
A. N. Laghari, Z. A. Siyal, M. A. Soomro, D. K. Bangwar, A. J. Khokhar, and H. L. Soni, “Quality Analysis of Urea Plant Wastewater and its Impact on Surface Water Bodies”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 2699–2703, Apr. 2018.

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