Quality Analysis of Urea Plant Wastewater and its Impact on Surface Water Bodies
This study was conducted on the canal water that flows besides an urea manufacturing facility. The study focused to evaluate the impact of facility’s effluents. The canal water quality is being affected drastically due to heavy load of pollutants discharged. Samples were collected by grab sampling method, from various locations. These samples were analyzed regarding physiochemical parameters, i.e. temperature, pH, TDS, TSS, BOD5, COD, heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Cr, Mn) and NH3 content. The canal water quality deteriorates after receiving a substantial load of effluents discharged from urea fertilizer plant. The results compared with WHO and NEQS, showed that the effluent samples had alkaline nature with a high level of ammonia and BOD5 and are not safe for aquatic life and environment. It is therefore recommended that discharge of untreated effluents should be stopped, or allowed within safe limits.
Keywords:wastewater, water quality, physiochemical analysis
K. Saeed-ur-Rehman, A. Wahid, R. B. Tareen, S. A. Kakar, M. Tariq, S. A. Kayani, “Impact of municipal waste water of Quetta city on biomass, physiology and yield of canola (Brassica napus L.)”, Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 317–328, 2010
D. Balabanic, M. Filipic, A. K. Klemencic, B. Zegura, “Raw and biologically treated paper mill wastewater effluents and the recipient surface waters: Cytotoxic and genotoxic activity and the presence of endocrine disrupting compounds”, The Science of Total Environment, Vol. 574, pp. 78–89, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.030
M. A. Khattak, N. Ahmed, M. A. Qazi, A. Izhar, S. Ilyas, M. N. Chaudhary, M. S. A. Khan, N. Iqbal, T. Waheed, “Evaluation of ground water quality for irrigation and drinking purposes of the areas adjacent to Hudiara Industrial Drain, Lahore, Pakistan”, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 49, No. 4, pp. 549–556, 2012
M. H. Islam, M. Rahman, F. U. Ashraf, “Assessment of water quality and impact of effluents from fertilizer factories to the Lakhya River”, International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 8, pp. 208–221, 2010
R. Shyamala, M. Shanthi, P. Lalitha, “Physicochemical Analysis of Borewell Water Samples of Telungupalayam Area in Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu, India”, E-Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 924–929, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2008/152383
M. B. Pescod, Wastewater treatment and use in agriculture - FAO irrigation and drainage paper 47, FAO, 1992
A. M. Abdel-Satar, M. H. Ali, M. E. Goher, “Indices of water quality and metal pollution of Nile”, The Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 21-29, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2016.12.006
J. N. Halder, M. N. Islam, “Water Pollution and its Impact on the Human Health”, Journal of Environment and Human, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 36–46, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.15764/EH.2015.01005
Ministry of Environment and Forest, The Environment Conservation Rules, 1997, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Ministry of Environment and Forest, 1997
M. A. Mallin, V. L. Johnson, S. H. Ensign, T. A. MacPherson, “Factors contributing to hypoxia in rivers, lakes, and streams”, Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 51, No. 1, part 2, pp. 690–701, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2006.51.1_part_2.0690
R. B. Geerdink, R. S. van den Hurk, O. J. Epema, “Chemical oxygen demand: Historical perspectives and future challenges”, Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 961, pp. 1–11, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2017.01.009
WHO, Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, WHO, 2011
F. B. Eddy, “Ammonia in estuaries and effects on fish”, Journal of Fish Biology, Vol. 67, No. 6, pp. 1495–1513, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2005.00930.x
M. Oliver, “Soil, food security and human health: a review”, European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 66, No. 2, pp. 257-276, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12216
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 617
PDF Downloads: 323
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.