Evaluation and Improvement of the Accuracy of Reanalysis and Analysis Datasets for Wind Resource Assessment in Sudan

Authors

  • Youssef Kassem Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus | Energy, Environment, and Water Research Center, Near East University, Cyprus | Science, Technology, Engineering Education Application and Research Center, Near East University, Cyprus
  • Huseyin Camur Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus | Science, Technology, Engineering Education Application and Research Center, Near East University, Cyprus
  • Mohamedalmojtba Hamid Ali Abdalla Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Near East University, Cyprus
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13741-13750 | April 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.7035

Abstract

Wind speed datasets are used to evaluate wind resources and energy production of wind farms. In locations where measured data are not available, reanalysis and analysis datasets can be used as an alternative to assess wind resources. This study evaluated the accuracy of wind speed data collected from reanalysis and analysis datasets against mast-measured data between 1975 and 1985 in Sudan, using monthly statistical analyses. Three bias correction methods, based on Measure-Correlate-Predict (MCP) and Linear Adaptation (LA1 and LA2), were applied to determine the original wind speed. The results indicate that LA1 outperformed MCP and LA2. Furthermore, the Weibull distribution function was employed to analyze the wind speed characteristics. In addition, wind power density was calculated using data from different sources. The findings show that although the wind power potential of the chosen locations is not suitable for large wind turbines, wind power can still be exploited with small wind turbines. Consequently, this study introduces a wind energy roadmap to attract investors in clean energy for sustainable development in Sudan, address energy problems, and meet domestic demands. The study also identifies the most important grid datasets for assessing the country's wind potential, enhancing the accuracy of assessments for investors and policymakers.

Keywords:

Sudan, mast measurement, bias correction methods, reanalysis and analysis datasets, wind energy potential

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, I. A. A. Albakoush, and K. S. B. Abdullah, "Solar-Powered Solutions for the Water and Energy Shortage Problem: The Case Study of Nahr El Bared, Lebanon," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 10861–10869, Jun. 2023.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and M. H. A. Abdalla, "Wind energy resource assessment based on the use of multiple satellite data for sustainable energy production in Sudan," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Nov. 2023.

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, H. Camur, and A. H. A. Abdelnaby, "Wind Power Generation Scenarios in Lebanon," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9551–9559, Dec. 2022.

Y. Kassem and M. H. A. Abdalla, "Modeling predictive suitability to identify the potential of wind and solar energy as a driver of sustainable development in the Red Sea state, Sudan," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 29, no. 29, pp. 44233–44254, Jun. 2022.

W. S. Ebhota and T. C. Jen, "Fossil Fuels Environmental Challenges and the Role of Solar Photovoltaic Technology Advances in Fast Tracking Hybrid Renewable Energy System," International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 97–117, Jan. 2020.

Y. Kassem, H. Gokcekus, and F. A. R. Agila, "Techno-Economic Feasibility Assessment for the promotion of Grid-Connected Rooftop PV Systems in Botswana: A Case Study," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 10328–10337, Apr. 2023.

H. Patidar, V. Shende, P. Baredar, and A. Soni, "Comparative study of offshore wind energy potential assessment using different Weibull parameters estimation methods," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 29, no. 30, pp. 46341–46356, Jun. 2022.

A. Kanwal et al., "Evaluation of Reanalysis and Analysis Datasets against Measured Wind Data for Wind Resource Assessment," Energy & Environment, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 1258–1284, Aug. 2023.

Z. Wang and W. Liu, "Wind energy potential assessment based on wind speed, its direction and power data," Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, Aug. 2021, Art. no. 16879.

H. S. A. Lagili, A. Kiraz, Y. Kassem, and H. Gökçekuş, "Wind and Solar Energy for Sustainable Energy Production for Family Farms in Coastal Agricultural Regions of Libya Using Measured and Multiple Satellite Datasets," Energies, vol. 16, no. 18, Jan. 2023, Art. no. 6725.

A. Fekih, M. Abdelouahab, and Y. Marif, "Evaluation of wind resource and mapping during 2009–2018 based on ERA5 reanalysis data: a case study over Algeria," International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 15–34, Mar. 2023.

H. Miao, D. Dong, G. Huang, K. Hu, Q. Tian, and Y. Gong, "Evaluation of Northern Hemisphere surface wind speed and wind power density in multiple reanalysis datasets," Energy, vol. 200, Jun. 2020, Art. no. 117382.

N. A. Arreyndip, E. Joseph, and A. David, "Wind energy potential assessment of Cameroon’s coastal regions for the installation of an onshore wind farm," Heliyon, vol. 2, no. 11, Nov. 2016, Art. no. e00187.

J. Sanz Rodrigo, J.-M. Buchlin, J. van Beeck, J. T. M. Lenaerts, and M. R. van den Broeke, "Evaluation of the antarctic surface wind climate from ERA reanalyses and RACMO2/ANT simulations based on automatic weather stations," Climate Dynamics, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 353–376, Jan. 2013.

D. Carvalho, A. Rocha, M. Gómez-Gesteira, and C. Silva Santos, "Offshore wind energy resource simulation forced by different reanalyses: Comparison with observed data in the Iberian Peninsula," Applied Energy, vol. 134, pp. 57–64, Dec. 2014.

R. McKenna, S. Hollnaicher, P. Ostman v. d. Leye, and W. Fichtner, "Cost-potentials for large onshore wind turbines in Europe," Energy, vol. 83, pp. 217–229, Apr. 2015.

D. Mentis, S. Hermann, M. Howells, M. Welsch, and S. H. Siyal, "Assessing the technical wind energy potential in Africa a GIS-based approach," Renewable Energy, vol. 83, pp. 110–125, Nov. 2015.

D. Mentis, S. H. Siyal, A. Korkovelos, and M. Howells, "A geospatial assessment of the techno-economic wind power potential in India using geographical restrictions," Renewable Energy, vol. 97, pp. 77–88, Nov. 2016.

N. A. Arreyndip and E. Joseph, "Small 500 kW onshore wind farm project in Kribi, Cameroon: Sizing and checkers layout optimization model," Energy Reports, vol. 4, pp. 528–535, Nov. 2018.

F. Onea and E. Rusu, "Sustainability of the Reanalysis Databases in Predicting the Wind and Wave Power along the European Coasts," Sustainability, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2018, Art. no. 193.

J. Olauson, "ERA5: The new champion of wind power modelling?," Renewable Energy, vol. 126, pp. 322–331, Oct. 2018.

H. Gökçekuş, Y. Kassem, and M. A. Hassan, "Evaluation of Wind Potential at Eight Selected Locations in Northern Lebanon Using Open Source Data," International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 2789–2794, 2019.

O. Assowe Dabar, M. O. Awaleh, D. Kirk-Davidoff, J. Olauson, L. Söder, and S. I. Awaleh, "Wind resource assessment and economic analysis for electricity generation in three locations of the Republic of Djibouti," Energy, vol. 185, pp. 884–894, Oct. 2019.

S. M. Boudia and J. A. Santos, "Assessment of large-scale wind resource features in Algeria," Energy, vol. 189, Dec. 2019, Art. no. 116299.

A. J. A. Gudo, J. Deng, M. Belete, and G. A. Abubakar, "Estimation of Small Onshore Wind Power Development for Poverty Reduction in Jubek State, South Sudan, Africa," Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 4, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 1483.

Y. Kassem, H. Çamur, and R. A. F. Aateg, "Exploring Solar and Wind Energy as a Power Generation Source for Solving the Electricity Crisis in Libya," Energies, vol. 13, no. 14, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 3708.

S. A. Gil Ruiz, J. E. C. Barriga, and J. A. Martínez, "Wind power assessment in the Caribbean region of Colombia, using ten-minute wind observations and ERA5 data," Renewable Energy, vol. 172, pp. 158–176, Jul. 2021.

G. Gualtieri, "Reliability of ERA5 Reanalysis Data for Wind Resource Assessment: A Comparison against Tall Towers," Energies, vol. 14, no. 14, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 4169.

B. Hiçsönmez, Y. Kassem, and H. Gökçekuş, "Techno-economic assessment of wind potential at five locations in northern cyprus using open source wind data," International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 294–299, 2021.

C. Jung and D. Schindler, "On the influence of wind speed model resolution on the global technical wind energy potential," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 156, Mar. 2022, Art. no. 112001.

R. H. Basheir and M. S. Abdelrahman, "The electricity crisis in Sudan | Transnational Institute," Feb. 21, 2024. https://www.tni.org/en/article/the-electricity-crisis-in-sudan.

S. O. Fadlallah and D. E. Benhadji Serradj, "Determination of the optimal solar photovoltaic (PV) system for Sudan," Solar Energy, vol. 208, pp. 800–813, Sep. 2020.

A. M. Omer, "Renewable energy resources for electricity generation in Sudan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1481–1497, Sep. 2007.

R. A. Hamza and A. O. Abdelatif, "Foundations, Design, and Dynamic Performance of Wind Turbines: Overview and Challenges in Sudan," FES Journal of Engineering Sciences, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 96–103, 2020.

M. Abdalla and T. Qarmout, "An analysis of Sudan’s energy sector and its renewable energy potential in a comparative African perspective," International Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 1169–1187, Jul. 2023.

S. O. Fadlallah, D. E. Benhadji Serradj, and D. M. Sedzro, "Is this the right time for Sudan to replace diesel-powered generator systems with wind turbines?," Renewable Energy, vol. 180, pp. 40–54, Dec. 2021.

A. S. Zalhaf et al., "A High-Resolution Wind Farms Suitability Mapping Using GIS and Fuzzy AHP Approach: A National-Level Case Study in Sudan," Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 1, Jan. 2022, Art. no. 358.

Z. A. Khan, M. Imran, A. Altamimi, O. E. Diemuodeke, and A. O. Abdelatif, "Assessment of Wind and Solar Hybrid Energy for Agricultural Applications in Sudan," Energies, vol. 15, no. 1, Jan. 2022, Art. no. 5.

A. A. Mohammed, "Evaluation of potentials for renewable energy in the power system in Sudan," Ph.D. dissertation, Sudan University of Science and Technology, 2018.

T. M. Saeed, E. B. M. Tayeb, and G. Osman, "Sustainable Energy Potential in Sudan," SUST Journal of Engineering and Computer Sciences, vol. 2, no. 3, 2019.

Y. Kassem and M. H. A. Abdalla, "Modeling predictive suitability to identify the potential of wind and solar energy as a driver of sustainable development in the Red Sea state, Sudan," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 29, no. 29, pp. 44233–44254, Jun. 2022.

A. M. Omer, "Compilation and evaluation of solar and wind energy resources in Sudan," Renewable Energy, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 39–69, Sep. 1997.

A. M. Omer, "Wind energy in Sudan," Renewable Energy, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 399–411, Mar. 2000.

A. M. Omer, "On the wind energy resources of Sudan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 2117–2139, Oct. 2008.

A. M. Omer and E. Braima, "Renewable Energy Potential in Sudan," International Energy Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, 2001.

T. Salih, Y. Wang, and M. A. A. Adam, "Renewable Micro Hybrid System of Solar Panel and Wind Turbine for Telecommunication Equipment in Remote Areas in Sudan," Energy Procedia, vol. 61, pp. 80–83, Jan. 2014.

A. R. S. Salih and A. E. Aydrous, "Compilation and Evaluation of wind energy resources in Jebel Awlia area, south Khartoum," International Journal of Life Science and Engineering, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 97–100, 2015.

A. M. A Khadam, E. A. Hamouda, and K. R. Doud, "Wind Power Harnessing in Sudan, Opportunities and Challenges," University of Khartoum Engineering Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, Oct. 2022.

M. R. Elkadeem, S. Wang, S. W. Sharshir, and E. G. Atia, "Feasibility analysis and techno-economic design of grid-isolated hybrid renewable energy system for electrification of agriculture and irrigation area: A case study in Dongola, Sudan," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 196, pp. 1453–1478, Sep. 2019.

A. Younis et al., "Wind Speed Forecast for Sudan Using the Two-Parameter Weibull Distribution: The Case of Khartoum City," Wind, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 213–231, Jun. 2023.

Z. ul R. Tahir, M. Asim, M. Azhar, G. Moeenuddin, and M. Farooq, "Correcting solar radiation from reanalysis and analysis datasets with systematic and seasonal variations," Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 25, Jun. 2021, Art. no. 100933.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and N. Alijl, "Gridded Precipitation Datasets and Gauge Precipitation Products for Driving Hydrological Models in the Dead Sea Region, Jordan," Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 15, Jan. 2023, Art. no. 11965.

Y. Kassem, M. M. Mizran, and S. M. Alsayas, "Evaluation of the Wind Energy Potential in Lebanon’s Coastal Regions using Weibull Distribution Function," International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, vol. 12, no. 6, 2019.

Y. Kassem, H. Çamur, S. Abughinda, and A. Sefik, "Wind Energy Potential Assessment in Selected Regions in Northern Cyprus Based on Weibull Distribution Function," Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 15, pp. 128–140, Oct. 2019.

M. M. Alayat, Y. Kassem, and H. Çamur, "Assessment of Wind Energy Potential as a Power Generation Source: A Case Study of Eight Selected Locations in Northern Cyprus," Energies, vol. 11, no. 10, Oct. 2018, Art. no. 2697.

Y. Kassem, H. Çamur, and A. H. A. Abdelnaby, "Wind Power Prediction in Mediterranean Coastal Cities Using Multi-layer Perceptron Neural Network," in Proceedings of Data Analytics and Management, Singapore, 2023, pp. 253–264.

Y. Kassem, H. Çamur, M. A. H. A. Abdalla, B. D. Erdem, and A. M. R. Al-ani, "Evaluation of wind energy potential for different regions in Lebanon based on NASA wind speed database," IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 926, no. 1, Aug. 2021, Art. no. 012093.

Y. Kassem, H. Gökçekuş, and A. A. S. Mosbah, "Prediction of monthly precipitation using various artificial models and comparison with mathematical models," Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 30, no. 14, pp. 41209–41235, Mar. 2023.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
Y. Kassem, H. Camur, and M. H. A. Abdalla, “Evaluation and Improvement of the Accuracy of Reanalysis and Analysis Datasets for Wind Resource Assessment in Sudan”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13741–13750, Apr. 2024.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 50
PDF Downloads: 82

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)