Fostering Sustainability through the Integration of Renewable Energy in an Agricultural Hydroponic Greenhouse

Authors

  • Aymen Lachheb Laboratory Smart Electricity & ICT, SEICT, LR18ES44, National Engineering School of Carthage, University of Carthage, Tunisia
  • Rym Marouani Laboratory ATSSEE, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences de Tunis, University Tunis El Manar, Campus Universitaire Farhat Hached, Tunisia
  • Chabakata Mahamat Universite de Guyane, UMR Espace-Dev, Cayenne, French Guiana, France
  • Safa Skouri Centre de Recherches et des Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole de Borj-Cedria, Tunisia
  • Salwa Bouadila Centre de Recherches et des Technologies de l'Energie, Technopole de Borj-Cedria, Tunisia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13398-13407 | April 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6939

Abstract

This research explores the feasibility of integrating renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, to power a hydroponic greenhouse. In this way, the latter’s energy autonomy is ensured. The study begins by evaluating the annual electricity consumption of the examined system. A renewable energy system capable of meeting its energy requirements throughout the year is also designed. The main objective is to assess the efficiency of two types of renewable energy sources, namely photovoltaic panels and wind turbines, and to improve their integration within the agricultural chamber by implementing a model simulation. Two scenarios were examined: the first one represents a photovoltaic power plant with storage, connected to the grid, while the second scenario presents a wind power plant connected to the grid. This numerical analysis is supplemented by a one-year experimental study of a photovoltaic installation connected to the network with storage, which in turn is connected to the experimental device. To handle energy within the renewable energy greenhouse, an energy management system was developed based on a fuzzy logic controller. This system aims to maintain energy balance and ensure continuous power supply. The energy management system optimizes energy flow to minimize consumption, reduce grid dependence, and improve overall system efficiency, resulting in cost savings and certain environmental benefits.

Keywords:

PV installation, wind energy, hydroponic greenhouse, energy management system, fuzzy logic control

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How to Cite

[1]
A. Lachheb, R. Marouani, C. Mahamat, S. Skouri, and S. Bouadila, “Fostering Sustainability through the Integration of Renewable Energy in an Agricultural Hydroponic Greenhouse”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13398–13407, Apr. 2024.

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