Kinetic Modeling and Effect of Process Parameters on Selenium Removal Using Strong Acid Resin


  • N. Rajamohan Department of Chemical Engineering, Sohar University, Oman
  • R. Rajesh Kannan Department of Chemical Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, India
  • M. Rajasimman Department of Chemical Engineering, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, India
Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1045-1049 | August 2016 |


Heavy metal pollution due to the contamination of Selenium above the tolerable limit in the natural environment is a challenging issue that environmental scientists face. This study is aimed at identifying ion exchange technology as a feasible solution to remove selenium ions using 001x7 resin. Parametric experiments were conducted to identify the optimal pH, sorbent dose and speed of agitation. Selenium removal efficiency of 85% was attained at pH 5.0 with 100 mg/L selenium concentration. The increase in resin dose was found to increase removal efficiency. However, metal uptake decreased. The experiments on the effect of concentration proved the negative effect of higher concentrations of selenium on removal efficiency. The ion exchange process was proved to be optimal at an agitation speed of 200 rpm and a temperature of 35 °C. Pseudo second order model was found to fit the kinetic data very well compared to the pseudo-first order model and the pseudo second order rate constant was estimated as 8.725x10-5 g mg-1 min-1 with a solution containing 100 mg/L selenium.


metal removal, kinetics, selenium, acid resin


Download data is not yet available.


P. M. Chapman, W. J. Adams, M. L. Brooks, C. G. Delos, S. N. Luoma, W. A. Maher, H. M. Ohlendorf, T. S. Presser, D. P. Shaw (eds) Ecological assessment of selenium in aquatic environment, SETAC press, Pensacola, FL, 2010 DOI:

C. Hu, Q. Chen, G. Chen, J. Qu, “Removal of Se(IV) and Se(VI) from drinking water by coagulation, Separation and purification technology”, Vol. 142, pp. 65-70, 2015 DOI:

M. R. Awual, M. M. Hasan, M. A. Khaleque, “Efficient selenium(IV) detection and removal from water by tailor-made novel conjugate adsorbent”, Sensors and Actuators B, Vol. 209, pp.194-202, 2015 DOI:

F. Fu, Q. Wang, “A review of removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters”, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 92, No. 3, pp. 407-418, 2011 DOI:

M. A. Barakat, “New trends in removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater”, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 361-377, 2011 DOI:

S. Soda, M. Kahiwa, T. Kagami, M. Kuroda, M. Yamashita, M. Ike, “Laboratory scale bioreactors for soluble selenium removal from selenium refinery waste water using anaerobic sludge”, Desalination, Vol. 279, pp. 433-438, 2011 DOI:

N. Rajamohan, M. Dilipkumar, M. Rajasimman, “Parametric and kinetic studies on biosorption of mercury using modified Phoenix dactylifera biomass”, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, Vol. 45, pp. 2622–2627, 2014 DOI:

H. Khakpour, H. Younesi, M. M. Hosseini, “Two stage biosorption of selenium from aqueous solution using dried biomass of the baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae”, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 532-542, 2014 DOI:

T. E. Kose, N. Ozturk, “Boron removal from aqueous solutions by ion-exchange resin: Column sorption–elution studies”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 152, No. 2, pp. 744-749, 2008 DOI:

P. E. Franco, M. T. Veit, C. E. Borba, G. D. C. Gonclaves, M. R. F. Kle, R. Bergamasco, E. A. Dasilva, Y. R. Suzaki, “Nickel(II) and zinc(II) removal using amberlite IR-120: ion exchange equilibrium and kinetics”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 221, pp. 426-435, 2013 DOI:

Z. Xu, Y. Zhao, J. Shi, J. Lu, L. Cheng, M. Chen, “Adsorption of mono butyl phthalate from aqueous phase onto two macro porous anion exchange resin”, Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 2014, Article ID 689734, 2014 DOI:

N. Rajamohan, “Parametric experiments and kinetic studies on the removal of Nickel using strong acid cation exchange resin 001x7”, Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 56, No. 9, pp. 2477-2484, 2015 DOI:

Y. S. Ho, G. Mckay, “Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes”, Process Biochemistry, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 451-465,1999 DOI:

E. Pehlivan, T. Altun, “The study of various parameters affecting the ion exchange of Cu2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous solution on Dowex 50 W synthetic resin”, Journal of Hazardous materials B, Vol. 134, No. 1-3, pp. 149-156, 2006 DOI:

B. Pan, H. Qiu, B. Pan, G. Nie, L. Xiao, L. Lu, W. Zhang, Q. Zhang, S. Zheng, “Highly efficient removal of heavy metals by polymer supported nano sized hydrated Fe(III) oxides: Behaviour and XPS study”, Water Research, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 815-824, 2010 DOI:

G. Moussavi, B. Barikbin, “Biosorption of chromium(VI) from industrial waste water onto pistachio hull waste biomass”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 162, pp. 893-900, 2010 DOI:

O. Hamdaoui, “Removal of copper(II) from aqueous phase by Purolite C100-MB cation exchange resin in fixed bed columns: modeling”, Journal of Hazard Materials, Vol. 161, No. 2-3, pp. 737-746, 2009 DOI:

B. Alyuz, S. Veli , “Kinetics and equilibrium studies for the removal of nickel and zinc from aqueous solutions by ion exchange resins”, Journal of Hazardous Materials , Vol. 167, No. 1-3, pp. 482-488, 2009 DOI:

C. S. Gulipalli, B. Prasad, K. L. Wasewar, “Batch study, equilibrium and kinetics of adsorption of selenium using rice husk ash (RHA)”, Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 6,No. 5,pp. 586-605, 2011


How to Cite

N. Rajamohan, R. Rajesh Kannan, and M. Rajasimman, “Kinetic Modeling and Effect of Process Parameters on Selenium Removal Using Strong Acid Resin”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1045–1049, Aug. 2016.


Abstract Views: 518
PDF Downloads: 223

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)