Thermodynamic and Performance Assessment of an Innovative Solar-Assisted Tri-Generation System for Water Desalination, Air-Conditioning, and Power Generation

Authors

  • A. Fouda Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • H. Elattar Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • S. Rubaiee Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • A. S. Bin Mahfouz Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • A. M. Alharbi Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 9316-9328 | October 2022 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5237

Abstract

Abstract-An innovative tri-generation system powered by solar energy for water desalination, air-conditioning, and electrical power production is proposed and investigated numerically in this paper. The system is designed for small and medium-sized buildings in countries that are rich in solar energy but poor in fossil fuels and water resources. The devised system includes a solar system (evacuated tube collectors and thermal energy storage unit), an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), a Humidification and Dehumidification (HDH) water desalination system, and a Desiccant Cooling System (DCS). A detailed parametric study of the developed system is carried out for a wide range of operating conditions and design parameters on the system’s productivity and performance parameters. It is found that: (i) The proposed tri-generation system can deliver high electrical power, fresh water, space cooling capacity, and Energy Utilization Factor (EUF) of 104.5kW, 72.37kg/h, 25.48kW, and 0.2643 respectively. In comparison to the basic system, the EUFimp and ASC,sav parameters were enhanced having maximum values of 69.9% and 41.14% respectively. General numerical correlations derived from the numerical data can predict the system productivity and performance parameters within reasonable error.

Keywords:

tri-generation, organic Rankine cycle, humidification-dehumidification, desiccant cooling system

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How to Cite

[1]
A. Fouda, H. Elattar, S. Rubaiee, A. S. Bin Mahfouz, and A. M. Alharbi, “Thermodynamic and Performance Assessment of an Innovative Solar-Assisted Tri-Generation System for Water Desalination, Air-Conditioning, and Power Generation”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 9316–9328, Oct. 2022.

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