Prioritization of Occupational Accident Causes in the Automotive Manufacturing

Authors

  • M. Z. Syed Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • A. Khalique Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • M. D. Idrees Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan
  • A. Jamil Department of Computer Systems Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan
  • A. Sami Department of Electronic Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • A. Abdullah Department of Electronic Engineering, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • N. Sajid Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • K. Khan Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Pakistan
  • S. Rizvi Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Pakistan

Abstract

The automotive industry is a significant contributor to the economy. Additionally, it is prone to occupational accidents. The current study focuses on organizational accidents in high-risk activities, particularly occupational accidents in the automobile and manufacturing industries. This investigation aims to rank and quantify the causes of occupational accidents. These reasons are identified through a literature review and are investigated utilizing the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). An AHP model is built based on a literature review. This model created a questionnaire and its evaluation via a survey of experts' opinions. This study shows that the most significant and dominant elements in accidents are human and organizational factors since they receive roughly equal weighting, whereas environmental factors weigh less.

Keywords:

Analytical Hierarchy Process, Automotive, Occupational Accidents, High-Risk Operations

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

S. Clarke, "Safety culture: under-specified and overrated?," International Journal of Management Reviews, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65–90, 2000.

S. Clarke, "Safety culture: under-specified and overrated?," International Journal of Management Reviews, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65–90, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2370.00031

K. Koklonis, M. Sarafidis, M. Vastardi, and D. Koutsouris, "Utilization of Machine Learning in Supporting Occupational Safety and Health Decisions in Hospital Workplace," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7262–7272, Jun. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4205

F. Siddiqui, M. A. Akhund, A. H. Memon, A. R. Khoso, and H. U. Imad, "Health and Safety Issues of Industry Workmen," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3184–3188, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2138

B. Gulhan, M. N. Ilhan, and E. F. Civil, "Occupational accidents and affecting factors of metal industry in a factory in Ankara," Turkish Journal of Public Health, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 76–85, Aug. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173067

I. A. Memon, A. Ali, M. A. Memon, U. A. Rajput, S. a. K. Abro, and A. A. Memon, "Controlling the Defects of Paint Shop using Seven Quality Control Tools in an Automotive Factory," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 5062–5065, Dec. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3160

S. Murè, L. Comberti, and M. Demichela, "How harsh work environments affect the occupational accident phenomenology? Risk assessment and decision making optimisation," Safety Science, vol. 95, pp. 159–170, Jun. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.01.004

T. K. Courtney, G. S. Sorock, D. P. Manning, J. W. Collins, and M. A. Holbein-Jenny, "Occupational slip, trip, and fall-related injuries--can the contribution of slipperiness be isolated?," Ergonomics, vol. 44, no. 13, pp. 1118–1137, Oct. 2001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130110085538

N. Meshkati, "Human factors in large-scale technological systems’ accidents: Three Mile Island, Bhopal, Chernobyl," Industrial Crisis Quarterly, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 133–154, 1991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/108602669100500203

D. B. Goldston, S. D. Molock, L. B. Whitbeck, J. L. Murakami, L. H. Zayas, and G. C. Nagayama Hall, "Cultural Considerations in Adolescent Suicide Prevention and Psychosocial Treatment," The American psychologist, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 14–31, Jan. 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.63.1.14

A. Moreira-Almeida, F. L. Neto, and H. G. Koenig, "Religiousness and mental health: a review," Revista Brasileira De Psiquiatria (Sao Paulo, Brazil: 1999), vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 242–250, Sep. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462006005000006

R. H. Lehto and K. F. Stein, "Death anxiety: an analysis of an evolving concept," Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 23–41, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1891/1541-6577.23.1.23

A. Barkhordari, B. Malmir, and M. Malakoutikhah, "An Analysis of Individual and Social Factors Affecting Occupational Accidents," Safety and Health at Work, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 205–212, Jun. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2019.01.002

S. A. Gyekye, "Occupational safety management: the role of causal attribution," International Journal of Psychology: Journal International De Psychologie, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 405–416, Dec. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2010.501337

M.-V. Sánchez-Rebull, A. Niñerola, R. Ferrer-Rullan, and A.-B. Hernández-Lara, "Six Sigma for workplace safety improvement: improving hazards and unsafe conditions in a metallic packaging manufacturing company," International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 766–778, Apr. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10803548.2020.1829318

B. Y. Jeong and D. S. Shin, "Characteristics of Occupational Accidents in Korean, Chinese, Japanese and Western Cuisine Restaurants," Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 316–322, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hfm.20647

M. Kolich and D. Wong-Reiger, "Emotional stress and information processing ability in the context of accident causation," International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 591–602, Oct. 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-8141(98)00065-1

F. Salguero-Caparros, M. Suarez-Cebador, and J. C. Rubio-Romero, "Analysis of investigation reports on occupational accidents," Safety Science, vol. 72, pp. 329–336, Feb. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2014.10.005

H. Bain, N. Howard, and T. L. Saaty, "Using the Analysis of Options Technique to Analyze a Community Conflict," The Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 133–144, 1971. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/002200277101500202

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
M. Z. Syed, “Prioritization of Occupational Accident Causes in the Automotive Manufacturing”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 8718–8722, Jun. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 196
PDF Downloads: 97

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)