Island Detection Communication in IEC61850 Grid Controller by Utilizing 2oo3 Architecture to Improve Redundancy and Reliability
Received: 12 January 2021 | Revised: 22 January 2021 | Accepted: 24 January 2021 | Online: 6 February 2021
After large-scale photovoltaic (PV) and wind power integration with the national grid, the island grid detection is a crucial technique that identifies when a grid should be considered as dead. This logic is built in an IEC61850 grid controller which mainly depends on the bus bar scheme and fault type. It becomes more complex when the ½ circuit breaker scheme is utilized. The lack of communication redundancy causes island mal-operation due to the substation's DC supply failure. In order to avoid such mal-operation discrepancies, this paper investigates the conventional islanding detection method. Then, an advanced IEC61850 grid controller 2oo3 architecture is proposed for islanding detection, based on SAS redundant communication which improves reliability. However, even if there is an interface communication failure, the power plant control center can still detect the islanding through the proposed IEC61850 grid controller and SCADA IEC60870-5-101/104 gateways integration. This method has the tendency of full supervision of the entire grid and perfect logical judgment by plant operation staff. This feasible and the proposed redundant communication architecture can play a decisive role for power system network stability in order to avoid system blackout.
Keywords:C61850 Substation Automation System (SAS) grid controller, 2oo3 (2-out-of-3 voting), SCADA IEC60870-5-101/104 gateway, stability, blackout
E. Pathan, A. A. Bakar, S. A. Zulkifi, M. H. Khan, H. Arshad, and M. Asad, "A Robust Frequency Controller based on Linear Matrix Inequality for a Parallel Islanded Microgrid," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 6264-6269, Oct. 2020. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3769
X. Chen, J. Zheng, and J. Mei, "Regional islanding detection method of large-scale grid-connected distributed photovoltaic power," in 2017 International Conference on Electrical, Electronics and System Engineering (ICEESE), Kanazawa, Japan, Nov. 2017, pp. 73-77. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEESE.2017.8298393
E. Pathan, S. A. Zulkifli, U. B. Tayab, and R. Jackson, "Small Signal Modeling of Inverter-based Grid-Connected Microgrid to Determine the Zero-Pole Drift Control with Dynamic Power Sharing Controller," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3790-3795, Feb. 2019. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2465
A. Timbus, A. Oudalov, and C. N. M. Ho, "Islanding detection in smart grids," in 2010 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, GA, USA, Sep. 2010, pp. 3631-3637. https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2010.5618306
R. R. Ch and K. H. Reddy, "Islanding Detection Techniques for Grid Integrated DG: A Review," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 960-977, Jun. 2019.
Ch. R. Reddy and K. H. Reddy, "A New Passive Islanding Detection Technique for Integrated Distributed Generation System Using Rate of Change of Regulator Voltage Over Reactive Power at Balanced Islanding," Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 527-534, Mar. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42835-018-00073-x
M. E. Ropp, K. Aaker, J. Haigh, and N. Sabbah, "Using power line carrier communications to prevent islanding [of PV power systems]," in Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2000 (Cat. No.00CH37036), Anchorage, AK, USA, Sep. 2000, pp. 1675-1678.
N. Strath, "Islanding Detection in Power Systems," Licentiate Thesis, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, 2005.
E. Pathan and M. Asad, "Design and optimal solution on unified substation automation system implementation," International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 339-359, Sep. 2015.
"IEEE SA - IEEE Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems - IEEE 1547 Series (Bundle)," IEEE Standards Association. https://standards.ieee.org/products-services/standards-related/pdf/electric-power-systems.html (accessed Jan. 25, 2021).
J. V. Bukowski and A. Lele, "The case for architecture-specific common cause failure rates and how they affect system performance," in Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, Philadelphia, PA, USA, Jan. 1997, pp. 153-158.
H. Ahangari, F. Atik, Y. I. Ozkok, A. Yildirim, S. O. Ata, and O. Ozturk, "Analysis of Design Parameters in Safety-Critical Computers," IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 712-723, Jul. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1109/TETC.2018.2801463
D. Salles, W. Freitas, J. C. M. Vieira, and B. Venkatesh, "A Practical Method for Nondetection Zone Estimation of Passive Anti-Islanding Schemes Applied to Synchronous Distributed Generators," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 2066-2076, Oct. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2014.2360299
S. Li, A. J. Rodolakis, K. El‐Arroudi, and G. Joós, "Islanding protection of multiple distributed resources under adverse islanding conditions," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 1901-1912, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2015.1105
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 320
PDF Downloads: 254
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.