Contribution of Particles Size Ranges to Sand Friction

E. Mostefa Kara, M. Meghachou, N. Aboubekr

Abstract


This work studies the correlation between certain physical properties of granular material such as the friction angle and the grain size distribution. In the laboratory, the determination of friction angle requires hard and expensive testing. Prediction of this parameter from the grading curve proves to be very interesting. Direct shear tests were performed on actual marine sand of Tergha (Algeria) and on seventeen different samples arranged from the same sand with various particle size ranges. Results showed that the friction angle of sand is a result of contribution of various constituent granular classes.


Keywords


sand; peak friction angle; particle size range; shear test; grading curve.

Full Text:

PDF

References


R. D. Holtz, W. D. Kovacs, T. C. Sheahan, An Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering, Prentice Hall, 2010

J. K. Mitchell, K. Soga, Fundamentals of Soil Behavior, John Wiley & Sons, 2005

K. Terzaghi, R. B. Peck, G. Mesri, Soil Mechanics In Engineering Practice, Wiley-Interscience, 1996

P. W. Rowe, “The stress dilatancy relations for static equilibrium of an assembly of particles in contact”, Proceedings Royal Society, London, Series A, Vol. 269, pp. 500-527, 1962

R. W. Yong, B. P. Warkentin, “Soil properties and behavior”, Elsevier Scientific, 1975

J. C. Santamarina, G. C. Cho, “Determination of Critical State Parameters in Sandy Soils-Simple Procedure”, Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol. 24, No 2, pp. 185-192, 2001.

K. Been, M. G. Jefferies, J. Hachey, “The critical state of sands”, Geoteschnique, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 365-381, 1991

E. Frossard, “Effect of sand grain shape on interparticle friction; indirect measurements by Rowe's stress dilatancy theory”, Geotechnics, Vol. 29, No 3, pp 341-350, 1979

G. Viggiani, M. Kuntz, J. Desrues, “An Experimental investigation of the relationships between grain size distribution and shear banding in sand”, Continuous and Discontinuous Modeling of Cohesive Frictional Materials, Lecture Notes in Physics, Vol. 568, pp. 111-127, 2001

W. B. Whalley, “Discussion on ‘Effect of sand grain shape on interparticle friction’”, Geotechnics, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp 341-350, 1979

N. Salimi, V. Yazdanjou, A Hamidi, “Shape and size effects of gravel grains on the shear behavior of sandy soils”, Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Landslides and Engineered Slopes, pp. 469-474, 2008

A. W. Bishop, “A large shear box for testing sands and gravels”, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 207-211, 1948

W. M. Kirkpatrick, ” Effect of grain size and grading on shear behavior of granular materials”, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 273-277, 1965

R. M. Koerner, “Effect of particle characteristics on soil strength”, Journal of Soil Mechanics & Foundations Division, Vol. 96, No. SM4, pp. 1221-1234, 1970

J. S. Zelasko, R. J. Krizek, T. B. Edil, “Shear behavior of sand as a function of grain characteristics”, Istanbul Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Vol. 1, pp. 55-64, 1975

A. W. Bishop, “Discussion to ‘Messurement of the shear strength of soils’ by Skempton and Bishop”, Geotechnique, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 113-116, 1950

R. M. Koerner, “Behavior of single mineral soils in triaxial shear”, Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 1373-1390, 1970

T. Kokusho, T. Hara, R. Hiraoka, “Undrained shear strength of granular soils with different particle gradations”, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 130, No. 6, pp. 621-629, 2004

A. Simoni, G. T. Houlsby, “The direct shear strength and dilatancy of sand-gravel mixtures”, Geotechnical & Geological Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 523-549, 2006

A. Hamidi, V. Yazdanjou, N. Salimi, “Shear strength characteristics of sand-gravel mixtures”, International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 29-38, 2009




eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487