A Short Review on Green Supply Chain Management Practices: The Impact on Operational and Environmental Performance


  • F. A. Shaikh Department of Economics, University of Sindh, Pakistan
  • M. S. Shahbaz Department of Management Sciences, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Pakistan
  • N. Odhano Department of Economics, University of Sindh, Pakistan


The aspects of sustainability and ecology have gradually become matters of significant concern within supply chain management processes. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the green supply chain on the environment and on operational performance. This study considers environmental management practices within firms, sustainable supply chain management practices relating to suppliers and customers, and environmentally conscious product and process design, by adopting a case-study approach and focusing on four major firms. The findings of this study reveal that the companies applying green supply chain management achieve better environmental performance but at an extra cost. Meanwhile, green practices provide improved customer satisfaction and attraction for retailers, distributors, and authorities.


green supply chain, environmental performance, operational performance, case study


Download data is not yet available.


Q. Zhu, J. Sarkis, “Relationships between operational practices and performance among early adopters of green supply chain management practices in Chinese manufacturing enterprises”, Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 265–289, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2004.01.005

G. C. Wu, “The influence of green supply chain integration and environmental uncertainty on green innovation in Taiwan’s IT industry”, Supply Chain Management, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 539–552, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-06-2012-0201

C. I. Yang, S. Lien, “Governance mechanisms for green supply chain partnership”, Sustainability, Vol. 10, No. 8, Article ID 2681, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082681

Q. Zhu, J. Sarkis, K. H. Lai, “Confirmation of a measurement model for green supply chain management practices implementation”, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 111, No. 2, pp. 261–273, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2006.11.029

A. Longoni, D. Luzzini, M. Guerci, “Deploying environmental management across functions: The relationship between green human resource management and green supply chain management”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 151, No. 4, pp. 1081–1095, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-016-3228-1

K. W. Green Jr, P. J. Zelbst, J. Meacham, V. S. Bhadauria, “Green supply chain management practices: Impact on performance”, Supply Chain Management, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 290–305, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/13598541211227126

S. Zailani, K. Jeyaraman, G. Vengadasan, R. Premkumar, “Sustainable Supply Chain Management (SSCM) in Malaysia: A survey”, International Journal of Production Economics, Vol. 140, No. 1, pp. 330–340, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2012.02.008

A. Touboulic, H. Walker, “Theories in sustainable supply chain management: A structured literature review”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 45, No. 1-2, pp. 16–42, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPDLM-05-2013-0106

C. Busse, J. Meinlschmidt, K. Foerstl, “Managing information processing needs in global supply chains: A prerequisite to sustainable supply chain management”, Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 53, No. 1, pp. 87–113, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jscm.12129

C. R. Carter, D. S. Rogers, “A framework of sustainable supply chain management: Moving toward new theory”, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, Vol. 38, No. 5, pp. 360–387, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/09600030810882816

S. Seuring, M. Muller, “From a literature review to a conceptual framework for sustainable supply chain management”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 16, No. 15, pp. 1699–1710, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2008.04.020

S. L. T. Berger, G. L. Tortorella, C. M. T. Rodriguez, “Lean supply chain management: A systematic literature review of practices, barriers and contextual factors inherent to its implementation”, in: Progress in Lean Manufacturing, pp. 39-68, Springer, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73648-8_2

T. Ng, M. Ghobakhloo, “What derives lean manufacturing effectiveness : An interpretive structural model”, International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp. 104–111, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2017.08.015

A. B. Daud, A study on lean supply chain implementation in Malaysia’s electrical and electronics industry: Practices and performances, MSc Thesis, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2010

Z. H. Zhang, B. F. Li, X. Qian, L. N. Cai, “An integrated supply chain network design problem for bidirectional flows”, Expert Systems with Applications, Vol. 41, No. 9, pp. 4298–4308, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2013.12.053

R. Z. R. M. Rasi, A. Abdekhodaee, R. Nagarajah, “Understanding drivers for environmental practices in SMEs: A critical review”, IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation & Technology, Singapore, June 2-5, 2010

M. S. Shahbaz, A. G. Kazi, B. Othman, M. Javaid, K. Hussain, R. Z. R. M. Rasi, “Identification, assessment and mitigation of environment side risks for Malaysian manufacturing”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 3851–3857, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2529

M. Hasan, “Sustainable supply chain management practices and operational performance”, American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, Vol. 3, No. 1, Article ID 26787, 2013

S. Sohu, A. Halid, S. Nagapan, A. Fattah, I. Latif, K. Ullah, “Causative factors of cost overrun in highway projects of Sindh province of Pakistan”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 271, Article ID 012036, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/271/1/012036

US Resilience Project, Dow chemical: Strategies for supply chain security and sustainability, available at: https://usresilienceproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/pdf-USRPDow_CS_012312.pdf, 2011

R. Z. R. M. Rasi, R. Ramlan, T. Perera, N. J. Azmi, ““Enviroprenurial” value chain-a conceptual framework for Malaysian small and medium enterprises”, International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bali, Indonesia, January 7–9, 2014

A. Hussain, R. M. Yusoff, M. A. Khan, M. L. M. Diah, M. S. Shahbaz, “The effect of transformational leadership on employee job performance through mediating role of organizational commitment in logistic sector of Pakistan”, International Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 162–176, 2019

M. S. Shahbaz, R. Z. R. M. Rasi, M. F. Bin Ahmad, S. Sohu, “The impact of supply chain collaboration on operational performance: Empirical evidence from manufacturing of Malaysia”, International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 8, pp. 64–71, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2018.08.009

M. S. Shahbaz, R. Z. R. M. Rasi, M. H. Zulfakar, M. F. B. Ahmad, M. M. Asad, “Theoretical framework development for supply chain risk management for Malaysian manufacturing”, International Journal of Supply Chain Management, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 325–338, 2018

M. S. Shahbaz, S. Sohu, F. Z. Khaskhelly, A. Bano, M. A. Soomro, “A novel classification of supply chain risks: A review”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 4301–4305, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2781

M. S. Shahbaz, R. Z. R. Rasi, M. F. B. Ahmad, “A novel classification of supply chain risks: Scale development and validation”, Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 201–218, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3926/jiem.2792

M. S. Shahbaz, A. F. Chandio, M. Oad, A. Ahmed, R. Ullah, “Stakeholders’ management approaches in construction supply chain: A new perspective of Stakeholder’s theory”, International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 16–26, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.30880/ijscet.2018.09.02.002

Carbon Disclosure Project, Missing link: Harnessing the power of purchasing for a sustainable future, available at: https://www.bsr.org/reports/Report-Supply-Chain-Climate-Change-2017.pdf, 2017

EASTMAN, Corporate Environmental Policy, available at: www.eastman.com/Literature_Center/Misc/CorporateEnvironmentalPolicy.pdf

Supply Chain Council, Supply chain operations reference model, Revision 11.0, Supply Chain Council, 2012

Westpack Group, Westpac Group Environment Policy, available at: https://www.westpac.com.au/docs/pdf/aw/EnvironmentalPolicy.pdf

Coca Cola European Partners, Environment policy: Our approach to environmental management, available at: www.cocacolaep.com/assets/Sustainability/Documents/98d216dc36/Environment-Policy-Our-approach-to-environmental-management.pdf, 2019

CIPS, The global standard for procurement and supply, CIPS

Ernst & Young, Climate change and sustainability services, available at: https://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/ey-climate-change-and-sustainability-services-brochure-en/$FILE/ey-climate-change-and-sustainability-services-brochure-en.pdf

S. Mubarik, N. Naghavi, M. F. Mubarak, “Governance-led intellectual capital disclosure: Empirical evidence from Pakistan”, Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 141–155, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.73.2019.73.141.155

M. S. Mubarik, C. Govindaraju, E. S. Devadason, “Human capital development for SMEs in Pakistan: Is the “one-size-fits-all” policy adequate”, International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 43 No. 8, pp. 804-822, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-02-2015-0033


How to Cite

F. A. Shaikh, M. S. Shahbaz, and N. Odhano, “A Short Review on Green Supply Chain Management Practices: The Impact on Operational and Environmental Performance”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5367–5370, Apr. 2020.


Abstract Views: 2067
PDF Downloads: 840

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)