Performance Analysis of Transient Current Limiters in a Distribution System

A. K. Shrivastav, P. K. Sadhu, A. Ganguly

Abstract


This paper deals with the performance evaluation of a three-phase transient current limiter in distribution systems. A simulation model based on mathematical model of a three-phase, transient current limiter has been developed. The problem is formulated to justify the stable and harmonic free twelve-pulse and six-pulse converter based transient current limiter. Firstly, conventional methods like Bode Plot, Nyquist Plot and Nichols Chart are used to investigate the stability of twelve-pulse and six-pulse converter based transient current limiter. Next, a comparative analysis using fast Fourier transform is used to check the system harmonics using MATLAB simulation. The proposed design is found to be more efficient in making the system stable and harmonic free.


Keywords


transient current limiter; TCL; stability analysis; fast Fourier transform; FFT; harmonic restraint

Full Text:

PDF

References


M. Tarafdar Hagh, M. Abapour, “DC Reactor Type Transformer Inrush Current Limiter”, IET Electric Power Applications, Vol.1 No. 5, pp. 808-814, 2007

M. Mehrasa, E. Pouresmaeil, S. Zabihi, E. M. G. Rodrigues, J. P. S. Catalao, “A control strategy for the stable operation of shunt active power filters in power grids”, Energy, Vol. 96, pp. 325-334, 2016

S. Hu, Z. Zhang, B. Xie, M. Chen, A. Kubis, “A wye-delta multi-function balance transformer based power quality control system for single-phase power supply system”, IEEE Conference on Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway, Ship Propulsion and Road Vehicles, Aachen, Germany, pp. 110–116, March 3-5, 2015

W. Frangieh, M. B. Najjar, “Active control for power quality improvement in hybrid power systems”, Third International Conference on Technological Advances in Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Beirut, Lebanon, pp. 218-223, April 29- May 1, 2015

T. Geury, S. Pinto, J. Gyselinck, P. Wheeler, “An indirect matrix converter-based unified power quality conditioner for a PV inverter with enhanced power quality functionality”, IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 1-8, November 3-6, 2015

A. Farooq, A. H. Bhat, “Performance evaluation of a three phase shunt active power filter for power quality improvement”, International Conference on Recent Developments in Control, Automation and Power Engineering, Noida, India, pp. 214-219, March 12-13, 2015

D. I. Taylor, J. D. Law, B. K. Johnson, N. Fischer, “Single-phase transformer inrush current reduction using prefluxing”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 245-252, 2012

A. Farazmand, F. de Leon, K. Zhang, S. Jazebi. “Analysis, Modeling and Simulating of the Phase-Hop Condition in Transformers: The Largest Inrush Currents”, IEEE Transactions On Power Delivery, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 168-174, 2014

A.-M. Dumitrescu, R. Roman, M. Albu, “Synchronized measurements and power quality assesment”, IEEE Eindhoven Power Tech, Eindhoven, Netherlands, pp. 1-6, June 29-July 2, 2015

B. E. Kushare, A. A. Ghatol, T. N. Date, “Power quality survey of 33KV indian industrial supply system: Results and remedial actions”, International Power Engineering Conference, Singapore, pp. 320-325, December 3-6, 2007

T. D. C. Busarello, M. Godoy Simoes, “Power quality enhancement by means of shunt compensators based on the conservative power theory”, Clemson University Power Systems Conference, Clemson, USA, March 10-13, 2015

M. I. Shaik, M. M. Hussain, M. S. Habeeb, S. Suraya, “Neutral point clamped based active power filter for power quality improvement”, International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Signals, Communication and Optimization, Visakhapatnam, India, January 24-25, 2015

J. H. Brunke, K. J. Frohlich, “Elimination of transformer inrush currents by controlled switching – part I: theoretical considerations”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol, 16, No.2, pp. 276–280, 2001

T. Hoshino, K. M. Salim, A. Kawasaki, I. Muta, T. Nakamura, M. Yamada, “Design of 6.6 kV, 100 A saturated DC reactor type superconducting fault current limiter”, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol, 13, No.2, pp. 2012–2015, 2003

K. L. Lian, B. K. Perkins, P. W. Lehn, “Harmonic analysis of a three-phase diode bridge rectifier based on sampled-data model”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 1088–1096, 2008

A. Kumar Shrivastav, P. Kumar Sadhu, A. Ganguly, N. Pal, “A Novel Transient Fault Current limiter based on three phase Thyristor Bridge for Y-yg transformer” International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.747–758, 2015

X. N. Lin, P. Liu, “The ultra-saturation phenomenon of loaded transformer energisation and its impacts on differential protection”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 1265–1272, 2005

A. K. Al-Khalifah, E. F. Al-Saadany, “Investigation of magnetizing inrush current in a single-phase transformer”, IEEE Large Engineering Systems Conference on Power Engineering, Halifax, Canada, pp. 165-171, July 26-28, 2006

Y. Cui, S. Abdulsalam, S. Chen, W. Xu, “A sequential phase energization technique for transformer inrush current reduction – part I: simulation and experimental results”, IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Denver, USA, Vol. 1, pp. 535, June 6-10, 2004




eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487