Production of Hydrogen from Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) using CT 434 ZSM-5 Catalyst at Considerably Low Temperatures


  • A. H. El-Sinawi College of Engineering, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 6 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 1269-1273 | December 2016 |


The production of hydrogen from Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) using CT 434 ZSM-5 is investigated in this research study. Gas chromatography equipped with a thermal conductivity detector is used to detect the amount of hydrogen produced at different temperatures. The Chromatograph spectrum of pure hydrogen as well as the spectra of evolved gases at 250oC, 280oC, 310oC and 340oC are obtained to validate the presence of hydrogen. The spectra of percentage of hydrogen and peak area to height ratio with increasing temperature shows a similar trend except at the temperature of 340oC. Maximum hydrogen percentage of 20.11% is found in the evolved gases collected at temperature of 250oC. The retention time of sample collected at 340oC is very close to reference retention time 2.014 min observed for a pure hydrogen sample.


hydrogen, Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET), Gas Chromatograph (GC), Thermal Conductivity Detector (TCD)


Download data is not yet available.


P. D. Vaidya, A. E. Rodrigues, “Insight into steam reforming of ethanol to produce hydrogen for fuel cells”, Chem. Eng. J., Vol. 117, pp. 39-49, 2006 DOI:

S. Ahmed, M. Krumpelt, “Hydrogen from hydrocarbon fuels for fuel cells”, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 26, pp. 291-301, 2001 DOI:

A. N. Fatsikostas, D. I. Kondarides, X. E. Verykios, “Production of hydrogen for fuel cells by reforming of biomass-derived ethanol”, Catal. Today, Vol. 75, No. 1-4, pp. 145-155, 2002 DOI:

F. Melo, N. Morlanes, “Naphtha steam reforming for hydrogen production”, Catal. Today, Vol. 107-108, pp. 458-466, 2005 DOI:

J. W. C. Liberatori, R. Ribeiro, D. Zanchet, F. B. Noronha, J. M. C. Bueno, “Steam reforming of ethanol on supported nickel catalysts”, Appl. Catal., A Gen., Vol. 327, pp. 197-204, 2007 DOI:

A. J. Vizcaíno, A. Carrero, J. A. Calles, “Hydrogen production by ethanol steam reforming over Cu–Ni supported catalysis”, Inter. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 32, pp. 1450-1461, 2007 DOI:

J. G. Seo, M. H. Youn, J. C. Jung, I. K. Song, “Hydrogen production by steam reforming of liquefied natural gas (LNG) over mesoporous nickel-alumina aerogel catalyst”, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, pp. 6738-6746, 2010 DOI:

R. Padilla, M. Benito, L. Rodriguez, A. Serrano, G. Munoz, L. Daza, “Nickel and cobalt as active phase on supported zirconia catalysts for bio-ethanol reforming: influence of the reaction mechanism on catalysts performance”, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, pp. 8921-8928, 2010 DOI:

S. Sa, H. Silva, L. Brandao, J. M. Sousa, A. Mendes, “Catalysts for methanol steam reformingea review”, Appl. Catal. B Environ., Vol. 99, pp. 43-57, 2010 DOI:

A. V. Maciel, A. E. Job, W. da Nova Mussel, W. de Brito, V. M. D. Pasa, “Bio-hydrogen production based on catalytic reforming of volatiles generated by cellulose pyrolysis: An integrated process for ZnO reduction and zinc nanostructures fabrication”, Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 1121–1129, 2011 DOI:

W. Tongamp, Q. Zhang, F. Saito, “Hydrogen generation from polyethylene by milling and heating with Ca(OH)2 and Ni(OH)2”, Int. J. hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, pp. 4097-4103, 2008 DOI:


How to Cite

A. H. El-Sinawi, “Production of Hydrogen from Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) using CT 434 ZSM-5 Catalyst at Considerably Low Temperatures”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1269–1273, Dec. 2016.


Abstract Views: 585
PDF Downloads: 225

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share