Optimizing the Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Hibiscus Flower Essential Oil using Response Surface Analysis

Authors

  • Tahani Y. A. Alanazi Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Ha'il, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13567-13571 | April 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.7076

Abstract

The development of Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) has opened the door to the harvesting of plants for a wide range of chemical compounds. This study distilled essential oil from hibiscus flowers utilizing the supercritical CO2 method. Different extraction parameters, including pressure (100-300 bar) and temperature (300-350 K), were studied to visualize how they affected oil recovery. Response surface analysis was used to fine-tune the extraction process. The chemical composition of the recovered oil was analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). According to the findings, 13.11% per 80 g of dry flowers is the ideal oil extracted from Hibiscus flowers, using SFE at 200 bar pressure and 325 K extraction temperature. Six compounds were provisionally identified in the extracted oil from hibiscus flowers under optimum SFE conditions.

Keywords:

essential oil, response surface analysis, hibiscus flower, Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE), Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS)

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How to Cite

[1]
T. Y. A. Alanazi, “Optimizing the Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction of Hibiscus Flower Essential Oil using Response Surface Analysis”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13567–13571, Apr. 2024.

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