A Real Test and Simulation Result Comparison of Selected Properties of Hybrid Composite Materials


  • Naqib Daneshjo Faculty of Commerce, University of Economics in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
  • Dusan Sabadka Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Slovak Republic
  • Peter Malega Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Kosice, Slovak Republic
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13523-13532 | April 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6922


In this study, the notion of composite materials is thoroughly assessed. Actual and simulation in a specific computer software stress testing of hybrid composites are investigated. The paper deals with the mechanics of rigid bodies, their elasticity, strength, and stiffness. In addition to a general overview of the former’s behavior and properties, this paper presents the possibility of calculating the bearing capacity of various materials in relevant computer programs. The production and testing process of the composite samples are described. The latter are then subjected to simulated tests in computer software. The main objective of this study is to compare real test results of hybrid composites, namely combined carbon fibers, glass fibers, aramid-carbon fibers, aramid honeycomb, and metal mesh with the simulation findings.


simulation, composite materials, hybrid composites, tensile test, simulation of tensile test


Download data is not yet available.


N. Ahmad and F. Ahmad, "The Effect of Iron Content on the Thermodynamic Properties of Syndiotactic Polypropylene/Iron Composites," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 11785–11788, Oct. 2023.

L. Tesfaye Jule, K. Ramaswamy, N. Nagaprasad, V. Shanmugam, and V. Vignesh, "Design and analysis of serial drilled hole in composite material," Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 45, pp. 5759–5763, Jan. 2021.

A. E. Magri, K. El Mabrouk, S. Vaudreuil, and M. E. Touhami, "Mechanical properties of CF-reinforced PLA parts manufactured by fused deposition modeling," Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 581–595, May 2021.

B. Wang, S. Zhong, T.-L. Lee, K. S. Fancey, and J. Mi, "Non-destructive testing and evaluation of composite materials/structures: A state-of-the-art review," Advances in Mechanical Engineering, vol. 12, no. 4, Apr. 2020, Art. no. 1687814020913761.

P. Zhang, Y. Feng, T. Q. Bui, X. Hu, and W. Yao, "Modelling distinct failure mechanisms in composite materials by a combined phase field method," Composite Structures, vol. 232, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 111551.

D. Gay, Composite Materials: Design and Applications, 4th edition. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2022.

P. Kumar and A. Kumar, "Bending Analysis of Steel-Concrete Composite Beams with Porosity," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 11230–11234, Aug. 2023.

P. K. Penumakala, J. Santo, and A. Thomas, "A critical review on the fused deposition modeling of thermoplastic polymer composites," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 201, Nov. 2020, Art. no. 108336.

F. Pierron and M. Grédiac, "Towards Material Testing 2.0. A review of test design for identification of constitutive parameters from full-field measurements," Strain, vol. 57, no. 1, 2021, Art. no. e12370.

S. Yuan, S. Li, J. Zhu, and Y. Tang, "Additive manufacturing of polymeric composites from material processing to structural design," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 219, Aug. 2021, Art. no. 108903.

G. D. Goh, Y. L. Yap, H. K. J. Tan, S. L. Sing, G. L. Goh, and W. Y. Yeong, "Process–Structure–Properties in Polymer Additive Manufacturing via Material Extrusion: A Review," Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Sciences, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 113–133, Mar. 2020.

T. H. Ibrahim, I. A. S. Alshaarbaf, A. A. Allawi, N. K. Oukaili, A. El-Zohairy, and A. I. Said, "Theoretical Analysis of Composite RC Beams with Pultruded GFRP Beams subjected to Impact Loading," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 12097–12107, Dec. 2023.

Y. Ivanova, "Damage Detection in Free–Free Glass Fiber Fabric Composite Beams by measuring Flexural and Longitudinal Vibrations," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 10685–10690, Jun. 2023.

C. Han et al., "Microstructure and mechanical properties of (TiB+TiC)/Ti composites fabricated in situ via selective laser melting of Ti and B4C powders," Additive Manufacturing, vol. 36, Dec. 2020, Art. no. 101466.

N. Naveed, "Investigating the Material Properties and Microstructural Changes of Fused Filament Fabricated PLA and Tough-PLA Parts," Polymers, vol. 13, no. 9, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 1487.

V. Mahesh, S. Joladarashi, and S. M. Kulkarni, "A comprehensive review on material selection for polymer matrix composites subjected to impact load," Defence Technology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 257–277, Feb. 2021.

C. Hu and Q.-H. Qin, "Advances in fused deposition modeling of discontinuous fiber/polymer composites," Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 24, no. 5, Oct. 2020, Art. no. 100867.

O. Falco, R. L. Avila, B. Tijs, and C. S. Lopes, "Modelling and simulation methodology for unidirectional composite laminates in a Virtual Test Lab framework," Composite Structures, vol. 190, pp. 137–159, Apr. 2018.

Y. Wan and J. Takahashi, "Development of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastics for Mass-Produced Automotive Applications in Japan," Journal of Composites Science, vol. 5, no. 3, Mar. 2021, Art. no. 86.

The Aluminum Automotive Manual. Applications – Car body – Body structures. European Aluminium Association, 2013.

Y. Liu, "Application of Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic composite material in automotive bumper," IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 692, no. 2, Nov. 2021, Art. no. 022057.

T. Kyono, "Life Cycle Assessment of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Plastic," in High-Performance and Specialty Fibers: Concepts, Technology and Modern Applications of Man-Made Fibers for the Future," 1st ed., Tokyo, Japan: Springer, 2016, pp. 355–361.

L. Gornet and H. Ijaz, "A high-cyclic elastic fatigue damage model for carbon fibre epoxy matrix laminates with different mode mixtures," Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1173–1180, Jul. 2011.

N. Bouhfid et al., "Numerical modeling of hybrid composite materials," in Modelling of Damage Processes in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, M. Jawaid, M. Thariq, and N. Saba, Eds. Sawston, UK: Woodhead, 2019, pp. 57–101.

R. Thandavamoorthy and A. Palanivel, "Testing and Evaluation of Tensile and Impact Strength of Neem/Banyan Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composite," Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 647–655, Jan. 2020.

R. Beigpour, H. Shokrollahi, and S. M. R. Khalili, "Experimental and numerical analysis of a biodegradable hybrid composite under tensile and three-point bending tests," Composite Structures, vol. 273, Oct. 2021, Art. no. 114255.

T. H. Gonsalves, M. K. Garje Channabasappa, R. Motagondanahalli Rangarasaiah, and S. Joladarashi, "Dynamic characterization of hybrid composite material of rotor-bearing support system," Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures, vol. 29, no. 16, pp. 2342–2357, Jun. 2022.

Y. L. Tee, C. Peng, P. Pille, M. Leary, and P. Tran, "PolyJet 3D Printing of Composite Materials: Experimental and Modelling Approach," JOM, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 1105–1117, Mar. 2020.

D. Sabadka and S. Kender, "Unconventional Methods of Joining Composites and Metals in the Context of Weight Reduction of Car Bodies," Advances in Science and Technology Research Journal, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 230–242, 2023.

E. E. Evin, M. Tomas, A. Mares, D. Sabadka, and S. Kender, "The selection of materials for automotive deformation zones," Transfer Innovations, vol. 40, pp. 36–41, 2019.


How to Cite

N. Daneshjo, D. Sabadka, and P. Malega, “A Real Test and Simulation Result Comparison of Selected Properties of Hybrid Composite Materials”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13523–13532, Apr. 2024.


Abstract Views: 35
PDF Downloads: 87

Metrics Information