Enhancing Cognitive Radio WSN Communication through Cluster Head Selection Technique


  • Shraddha Panbude Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, India
  • Prachi Deshpande Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Shreeyash College of Engineering & Technology, India
  • Brijesh Iyer Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, India
  • A. B. Nandgaonkar Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, India
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13347-13351 | April 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6803


The demand for frequency spectrum is increasing rapidly with the wide growth of wireless communications. Spectrum sensing issues present in Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks (CRSN) are detected dynamically using spectral sensing techniques, which also help to utilize frequency bands more effectively. The study proposes a novel Cosine Sand Cat Optimization (CSCO) protocol to address spectral sensing problems by selecting the optimal Cluster Head (CH) in a CRSN. The CRSN is simulated, and spectral allocation is performed using LeNet to extract signal components. Then, Primary User (PU) aware optimal CH selection is performed using the proposed CSCO by taking account of multi-objective fitness parameters. Finally, data communication is performed between nodes after CH selection using the CSCO protocol. The simulation results of CSCO were validated to determine its superiority concerning Secondary User (SU) density, and it attained residual energy, network lifetime, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), normalized throughput, and delay of 69.457 J, 77, 75.89%, 74.473, and 4.782ms, respectively.


cosine sand cat optimization, sine cosine algorithm, sand cat swarm optimization, LeNet


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How to Cite

S. Panbude, P. Deshpande, B. Iyer, and A. B. Nandgaonkar, “Enhancing Cognitive Radio WSN Communication through Cluster Head Selection Technique”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13347–13351, Apr. 2024.


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