The Efficiency of Surface Impedance Technique in the Transverse Wave Approach for the EM-Modeling of Fractal-Like Tree Structure used in 5G Applications


  • Mohamed Ayari Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, Northern Border University, Saudi Arabia | Syscom Laboratory, National Engineering School of Tunis, University of Tunis El-Manar, Tunisia
  • Saleh Altowaijri Department of Information Systems, Faculty of Computing and Information Technology, Northern Border, University, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 13216-13221 | April 2024 |


Fractal antenna technology is a promising approach for 5G applications because its complex nature offers optimization potential in terms of time and space trade-offs. However, the computational effort required to analyze such antennas is significant. This paper investigates the Advanced Transverse Wave Approach (ATWA), which utilizes the surface impedance technique to improve simulation efficiency. This study introduces and analyzes a fractal-like 5G tree structure, displaying improved computational accuracy and efficacy, as well as peak memory utilization compared to current works. The proposed approach demonstrates significant effectiveness in enhancing the performance of complex fractal antennas for 5G technology and shows promise for integration with cloud, fog, and edge computing environments. This integration could potentially optimize data processing and network efficiency in these advanced computing landscapes.


surface impedance technique, computational efficiency, 5G fractal-like tree, advanced transverse wave approach, cloud computing, fog computing, edge computing


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How to Cite

M. Ayari and S. Altowaijri, “The Efficiency of Surface Impedance Technique in the Transverse Wave Approach for the EM-Modeling of Fractal-Like Tree Structure used in 5G Applications”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 13216–13221, Apr. 2024.


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