Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Algorithms for Investigating Myocardial Infarction Complications

Authors

  • Ali Satty Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohyaldein M. Y. Salih Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
  • Abaker A. Hassaballa Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
  • Elzain A. E. Gumma Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
  • Ahmed Abdallah Department of Mathematics, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
  • Gamal Saad Mohamed Khamis Department of Computer Science, College of Science, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 12775-12779 | February 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6691

Abstract

Myocardial Infarction (MI) is a condition often leading to death. It arises from inadequate blood flow to the heart, therefore, the classification of MI complications contributing to lethal outcomes is essential to save lives. Machine learning algorithms provide solutions to support the categorization of the MI complication attributes and predict lethal results. This paper compares various machine learning algorithms to classify myocardial infarction complications and to predict fatal consequences. The considered algorithms are Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Naive Bayes (NB), and Decision Tree (DT). The main objective of this paper is to compare these algorithms in two scenarios: initially using the full dataset once and then using the dataset again, after implementing the WEKA attribute selection algorithm. To accomplish this goal, data from the Krasnoyarsk Interdistrict Clinical Hospital were employed. Results in general revealed that the MLP classifier demonstrated optimal performance regarding the full MI data, whereas the DT classifier emerged as more favorable when the dataset sample size was diminished through an attribute selection algorithm.

Keywords:

data mining, classification, multilayer perceptron, Naive Bayes, decision tree, prediction

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How to Cite

[1]
A. Satty, M. M. Y. Salih, A. A. Hassaballa, E. A. E. Gumma, A. Abdallah, and G. S. Mohamed Khamis, “Comparative Analysis of Machine Learning Algorithms for Investigating Myocardial Infarction Complications”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 12775–12779, Feb. 2024.

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