Mitigating Reflection Cracking in Asphalt Concrete Overlays with ECC and Geotextile


  • Amjad H. Albayati Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Nazar K. Oukaili Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hadel Obaidi Department of Water Resources Techniques, Institute of Technology, Iraq | Middle Technical University, Iraq
  • Bahaa M. Alatta Department of Civil Engineering, University of Baghdad, Iraq
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 12850-12860 | February 2024 |


The rehabilitation of deteriorated pavements using Asphalt Concrete (AC) overlays consistently confronts the reflection cracking challenge, where inherent cracks and joints from an existing pavement layer are mirrored in the new overlay. To address this issue, the current study evaluates the effectiveness of Engineered Cementitious Composite (ECC) and geotextile fabric as mitigation strategies. ECC, characterized by its tensile ductility, fracture resistance, and high deformation capacity, was examined in interlayer thicknesses of 7, 12, and 17 mm. Additionally, the impact of geotextile fabric positioning at the base and at 1/3 depth of the AC specimen was explored. Utilizing the Overlay Testing Machine (OTM) for evaluations, the research demonstrated that ECC17 significantly mitigated reflection cracking, showing a notable 764% increase in the number of load cycles to failure (Nf) compared to the Geotextile Base (GB) specimen. Against the Reference Specimen (RS), ECC17 exhibited a remarkable 1307% enhancement in Nf values, underscoring its effectiveness. Geotextile fabric, particularly at 1/3 depth, demonstrated notable resistance but was overshadowed by the performance of ECC interlayers. The results clearly indicate that ECC, especially ECC17, stands out as an effective solution for mitigating reflection cracking, including joints, in AC overlays.


reflection cracking, asphalt concrete overlay, geotextile, engineered cementitious composite, overlay testing machine


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How to Cite

A. H. Albayati, N. K. Oukaili, H. Obaidi, and B. M. Alatta, “Mitigating Reflection Cracking in Asphalt Concrete Overlays with ECC and Geotextile”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 12850–12860, Feb. 2024.


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