Analysis of a Compact Electrically Small Antenna with SRR for RFID Applications

Authors

  • Naveen Kumar Majji Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, KLEF, India | Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, PSCMR College of Engineering and Technology, India
  • Venkata Narayana Madhavareddy Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, KLEF, India
  • Govardhani Immadi Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, KLEF, India
  • Navya Ambati Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, KLEF, India
  • Sree Madhuri Aovuthu Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Rashtreeya Vidyalaya College of Engineering, India
Volume: 14 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 12457-12463 | February 2024 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6418

Abstract

This paper contains the design and analysis of a compact, bidirectional Electrically Small Antenna (ESA) at 0.9 GHz for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and a global system for mobile communication applications. The proposed design consists of a microstrip patch antenna enclosed inside the split ring resonators, in which a split ring resonator was subtracted from the ground plane in order to obtain the results at lower frequencies by maintaining a compact size. This ESA was designed on FR4 substrate having a dimension of 30 mm × 30 mm × 1.6 mm. This antenna was created and simulated with the Ansys HFSS. The ESA was fabricated by chemical etching and it was measured with the MS2037C Anritsu Combinational Analyzer. The simulated results show that the ESA attains a bandwidth of 100 MHz (with S11 < -10 dB) at 0.9 GHz. The bidirectional radiation pattern in both H and E planes with a radiation efficiency of 80% at the resonant frequency was obtained. A close agreement of 90% between the simulated and the measured results was observed.

Keywords:

electrically small antenna, microstrip patch, SRR, RFID applications

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

K. Finkenzeller, RFID Handbook: Fundamentals and Applications in Contactless Smart Cards, Radio Frequency Identification and Near-Field Communication, 3rd Edition. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

K. V. S. Rao, P. V. Nikitin, and S. F. Lam, "Antenna design for UHF RFID tags: a review and a practical application," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 12, pp. 3870–3876, Sep. 2005.

V. P. Plessky and L. M. Reindl, "Review on SAW RFID tags," IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 654–668, Mar. 2010.

D. V. Kholodnyak, P. A. Turalchuk, A. B. Mikhailov, S. Yu. Dudnikov, and I. B. Vendik, "3D Antenna for UHF RFID Tags with Eliminated Read-Orientation Sensitivity," in European Microwave Conference, Manchester, UK, Sep. 2006, pp. 583–586.

J. C. Lin, Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2011.

S. Rao et al., "Miniature implantable and wearable on-body antennas: towards the new era of wireless body-centric systems," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 271–291, Oct. 2014.

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, 3rd Edition. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2005.

D. Dobkin, S. M. Weigand, and N. Iyer, "Segmented magnetic antennas for near-field UHF RFID," Microwave Journal, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 96–102, Jun. 2007.

A. L. Popov, O. G. Vendik, and N. A. Zubova, "Magnetic field intensity in near field zone of loop antenna for RFID systems," Technical Physics Letters, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 882–884, Oct. 2010.

O. G. Vendik and I. A. Pakhomov, "Electric-and magnetic-field strengths in the Fresnel zone of a microradiator formed by an electric and a magnetic dipole," Technical Physics, vol. 50, no. 11, pp. 1479–1484, Nov. 2005.

A. Shvetsov et al., "Choice of quartz cut for sensitive wireless SAW temperature sensor," in IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, Chicago, IL, USA, Sep. 2014, pp. 1505–1508.

L. J. Chu, "Physical Limitations of Omni‐Directional Antennas," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1163–1175, Apr. 2004.

P. A. Turalchuk, D. V. Kholodnyak, and O. G. Vendik, "A novel low-profile antenna with hemispherical coverage suitable for wireless and mobile communications applications," in Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, Loughborough, UK, Mar. 2008, pp. 337–340.

I. Govardhani et al., "Design of high directional crossed dipole antenna with metallic sheets for UHF and VHF applications," International Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol. 7, no. 1.5, Dec. 2017, Art. no. 42.

G. Imamdi, M. Narayan, A. Navya, and A. Roja, "Reflector array antenna design at millimetric (mm) band for on the move applications," ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 352–359, Jan. 2018.

G. Immadi et al., "Analysis of substrateintegrated frequency selective surface antenna for IoT applications," Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, vol. 18, no. 2, May 2020, Art. no. 875.

M. Naveen Kumar, M. Venkata Narayana, G. Immadi, P. Satyanarayana, and A. Navya, "Analysis of a low-profile, dual band patch antenna for wireless applications," AIMS Electronics and Electrical Engineering, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 171–186, 2023.

K. H. Reddy, M. V. Narayana, G. Immadi, P. Satyanarayana, K. Rajkamal, and A. Navya, "A Low-profile Electrically Small Antenna with a Circular Slot for Global Positioning System Applications," Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 133, pp. 27–38, 2023.

H. R. Katireddy, M. V. Narayana, and G. Immadi, "Innovative Design and Analysis of an Electrically Small Reconfigurable Antenna for GPS and Blue Tooth Applications," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7684–7688, Oct. 2021.

M. O. Dwairi, "Increasing Gain Evaluation of 2×1 and 2×2 MIMO Microstrip Antennas," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 7531–7535, Oct. 2021.

S. Sarade and S. D. Ruikar, "Development of a Wide Bandwidth Massive Eight Dissimilar Radiating Element Multiband MIMO Antenna for mm-Wave Application," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 9166–9171, Oct. 2022.

M. Venkateswara Rao, B. T. P. Madhav, J. Krishna, Y. Usha Devi, T. Anilkumar, and B. Prudhvi Nadh, "CSRR-loaded T-shaped MIMO antenna for 5G cellular networks and vehicular communications," International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, vol. 29, no. 8, 2019, Art. no. e21799.

K. V. Vineetha, P. R. Kumar, A. N. Babu, J. B. Naik, B. T. P. Madhav, and S. Das, "Investigations on Complementary Split Ring Resonator (CSRR) array integrated printed conformal band pass filters for modern wireless communication applications," Journal of Instrumentation, vol. 17, no. 10, Jul. 2022, Art. no. P10043.

M. Najumunnisa et al., "A Metamaterial Inspired AMC Backed Dual Band Antenna for ISM and RFID Applications," Sensors, vol. 22, no. 20, Jan. 2022, Art. no. 8065.

S.-M. Chiang, E.-H. Lim, P.-S. Chee, Y.-H. Lee, and F.-L. Bong, "Dipolar Tag Antenna With a Top-Loading Inductive Channel With Broad Range Frequency Tuning Capability," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 1653–1662, Mar. 2022.

M. Murugesh, E.-H. Lim, P.-S. Chee, and F.-L. Bong, "Complementarily Coupled C-Shaped Microstrip Patches With Wide-Range Frequency Tuning Capability for Metal-Applicable UHF RFID Tag Design," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 70, no. 12, pp. 11548–11558, Sep. 2022.

T. Althobaiti, A. Sharif, J. Ouyang, N. Ramzan, and Q. H. Abbasi, "Planar Pyramid Shaped UHF RFID Tag Antenna With Polarisation Diversity for IoT Applications Using Characteristics Mode Analysis," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 103684–103696, 2020.

W.-H. Ng, E.-H. Lim, F.-L. Bong, and B.-K. Chung, "Compact Folded Crossed-Dipole for On-Metal Polarization Diversity UHF Tag," IEEE Journal of Radio Frequency Identification, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 115–123, Jun. 2020.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
N. K. Majji, V. N. Madhavareddy, G. Immadi, N. Ambati, and S. M. Aovuthu, “Analysis of a Compact Electrically Small Antenna with SRR for RFID Applications”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 12457–12463, Feb. 2024.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 90
PDF Downloads: 78

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)