A Detection and Investigation Model for the Capture and Analysis of Network Crimes
Received: 24 August 2023 | Revised: 7 September 2023 | Accepted: 12 September 2023 | Online: 13 October 2023
Corresponding author: Iman S. Alansari
Investigation in the field of network forensics involves examining network traffic to identify, capture, preserve, reconstruct, analyze, and document network crimes. Although there are different perspectives on the practical and technical aspects of network forensics, there is still a lack of fundamental guidelines. This paper proposes a new detection and investigation model for capturing and analyzing network crimes, using design science research. The proposed model involves six processes: identification, verification, gathering, preservation, examination, analysis, and documentation. Each process is associated with several activities that provide the investigation team with a clear picture of exactly what needs to be performed. In addition, the proposed model has a unique activity, namely reporting. As a result, this model represents a comprehensive approach to network forensics investigations. It is designed to work in conjunction with established forensic techniques to ensure that forensic evidence from the network is collected and analyzed efficiently and effectively following accepted forensic procedures. The proposed model was compared with existing models in terms of completeness, showing that it is complete and can be adapted to any type of network and legal framework.
Keywords:network forensics, digital forensics, design science research
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