Design Improvement for a Maritime Training Polygon using 3D Terrestrial Laser Scanning Technology


  • Daniel Marasescu Mircea cel Batran Naval Academy, Romania
  • Mihaela Greti Manea Mircea cel Batran Naval Academy, Romania
  • Paul Burlacu Mircea cel Batran Naval Academy, Romania
  • Andreea Codrina Tanase University of Bucharest, Romania
Volume: 13 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 11850-11859 | October 2023 |


In the current geo-strategic context, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) impose increasingly high standards for seafarers' preparation in the ship's vitality training centers (elaborate constructions, designed and equipped specifically for training personnel in scenarios involving flooding and fires that may occur on board ships). The buildings housing these training areas experience considerable mechanical and thermal stress, which, over time, affects their structural integrity. Therefore, repairs and modernization work become necessary. This paper provides a case study on the application of technologies for terrestrial laser scanning of buildings, with a focus on the vitality training polygon. The originality of the approach comes from achieving "as-built" documentation for the vitality polygon using 3D laser scanning technology. This includes both three-dimensional modeling based on digital information from the scanning process, as well as structural analysis using finite element techniques for the buildings where crew training takes place. The study also analyzes the distribution of total deformations and stresses in the walls of exercise compartments for flooding and water fight scenarios. Moreover, temperature distribution in the walls and interior atmosphere of these compartments is examined for fire scenarios and firefighting.


3D laser scanning, finite element methods, flooding and firefighting, Building Information Modeling (BIM), mechanical and thermal analysis


Download data is not yet available.


M. Mousavi, I. Ghazi, and B. Omaraee, "Risk Assessment in the Maritime Industry," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1377–1381, Feb. 2017.

"NATO 2022 Strategic Concept."

A. R. Khoso, J. S. Khan, R. U. Faiz, M. A. Akhund, A. Ahmed, and F. Memon, "Identification of Building Failure Indicators," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4591–4595, Oct. 2019.

O. H. Abdullah and W. A. Hatem, "Alternative Construction using BIM in Old Educational Buildings," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 10316–10321, Apr. 2023.

K. L. A. El-Ashmawy and M. A. El-Zareef, "Dynamic Monitoring of Structural Deformations utilizing an Experimentally Validated Efficient Technique," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 10708–10713, Jun. 2023.

P. Soltan, M. E. Lasher, W. J. Dahlke, N. P. Acantilado, and M. McDonald, "Laser-projected 3D volumetric displays," in Laser Applications Engineering (LAE-96), Apr. 1997, pp. 96–109.

F. Menna and S. Troisi, "Low cost reverse engineering techniques for 3D modelling of propellers," presented at the International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives, Jan. 2010, vol. 38, pp. 452–457.

J. Jawor, M. Luft, Z. Łukasik, and E. Szychta, "Integration of Cloud Computing and Reverse Engineering 3d Scanning for Marine Applications," Zeszyty Naukowe/Akademia Morska w Szczecinie, vol. 30, no. 102, pp. 66–69, 2012.

M. Martorelli, C. Pensa, and D. Speranza, "Digital Photogrammetry for Documentation of Maritime Heritage," Journal of Maritime Archaeology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 81–93, Jun. 2014.

J. Szulwic et al., "Maritime Laser Scanning as the Source for Spatial Data," Polish Maritime Research, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 9–14, Dec. 2015.

Y. Zhang and J. Liu, "Application of 3D laser scanning technology in structural design of key parts of marine port machinery," Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 1273–1279, Jan. 2020.

C. Specht, P. Dąbrowski, A. Dumalski, and K. Hejbudzka, "Modeling 3D Objects for Navigation Purposes Using Laser Scanning," TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety od Sea Transportation, vol. 10, no. 2, Jun. 2016.

R. K. Maini, W. D. Reynolds, and R. K. Maini, "Laser Scanning for an As-Built Structure," presented at the SNAME 25th Offshore Symposium, Houston, TX, USA, Feb. 2020, Art. no. SNAME-TOS-2020-027.

USIBD Level of Accuracy (LOA) Specification Guide. USIBD, 2016.

"BIM Forum."


How to Cite

D. Marasescu, M. G. Manea, P. Burlacu, and A. C. Tanase, “Design Improvement for a Maritime Training Polygon using 3D Terrestrial Laser Scanning Technology”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 11850–11859, Oct. 2023.


Abstract Views: 236
PDF Downloads: 142

Metrics Information