Atmospheric CO2 Level Measurement and Discomfort Index Calculation with the use of Low-Cost Drones


  • Piyush Kokate CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Nagpur, 440020, India | Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, India
  • Shashikant Sadistap CSIR- Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-CEERI), Pilani 333031 India | Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, India
  • Anirban Middey CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI), Kolkata 700107 India | Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, India
Volume: 13 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 11728-11734 | October 2023 |


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platforms are emerging as an essential tool for various studies in environmental engineering. The quadcopters drones have immense potential for sensor interfacing and stable data acquisition. These UAVs can perform critical activities like volcanic eruption monitoring, stack emission monitoring, urban air quality monitoring, identification of pollution levels in 3D space, etc. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and the Discomfort Index (DI) are essential indicators of air quality and climate comfort. Hence, it is critical to monitor them with extreme accuracy. This study demonstrates a novel application of CO2 profiling using low-cost drones at varied altitudes. The drone-aided vertical CO2 profiling was carried out at 60 m AGL (Above Ground Level) during summer and winter, in Nagpur city of India. This study retrieved some exciting data on the DI. It was found that CO2 concentration in the range of 20-70 m AGL was lower than the surface level. The derived DI was maximum at the height range of 40-50 m. Inversion was observed in the range of 30-40 m. A positive correlation between CO2 and temperature was observed in both seasons. The lightweight commercial drones are capable of tethering sensor modules to get accurate results in less cost and effort. This type of novel tethered sensor technique could be applicable in weather forecasting, landfill surface monitoring, volcanic eruption monitoring, and other probable applications with few drone flight limits.


vertical profiling, CO2 profile, sensors, discomfort index, NDIR


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How to Cite

P. Kokate, S. Sadistap, and A. Middey, “Atmospheric CO2 Level Measurement and Discomfort Index Calculation with the use of Low-Cost Drones”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 11728–11734, Oct. 2023.


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