Mix Design of Fly Ash and GGBS based Geopolymer Concrete activated with Water Glass
Received: 30 July 2023 | Revised: 23 August 2023 | Accepted: 31 August 2023 | Online: 23 September 2023
Corresponding author: Rajashekar Sangi
Geopolymer Concrete (GPC) has emerged as an alternative to cement concrete due to its reduced carbon footprint and excellent mechanical properties. However, not much emphasis is made on the development of mix designs using industrial waste. The current study focuses on the mix-design considerations for GPC using fly ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS). The mix design of GPC involves in selecting materials to produce the desired strength. In this investigation, Water Glass (WG) is used as an activator for the activation of the polymerization reaction. The mix design of GPC is the optimization of a group of various parameters, such as the activator to binder ratio, aggregate to binder ratio, coarse aggregate to fine aggregate ratio, activator concentration, and amount of binder content. The activator to binder ratio affects workability and strength, while the activator concentration influences the polymerization reaction and final strength development. The selection of suitable aggregates plays a vital role in achieving a dense and durable GPC matrix. The mix design for GPC requires a holistic approach that considers the selection of appropriate binders, activators, and aggregates. Proper optimization of these factors can result in excellent strength and durability of the GPC and a reduced carbon footprint. Further research is needed to explore alternative binders, evaluate long-term performance, and establish standardized mix design guidelines for the widespread adoption of GPC in construction.
Keywords:water glass, geopolymer concrete, mix design, fly ash, GGBS
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