Numerical Modeling of the Flow around a Cylinder using FEATool Multiphysics

Authors

  • Binahi M. A. Said Ali Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University, Iraq
  • Jehan M. Sheikh Suleimany Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, Salahaddin University, Iraq
  • Safa S. Ibrahim Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Iraq
Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 11290-11297 | August 2023 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.6053

Abstract

The current study examines the numerical analysis of the laminar flow around a cylinder at various Reynolds numbers (0.1, 1.1, 20, 26, 50, 100, and 195). The research found that a steady state can exist for Reynolds number values of 0.1, 1.1, 20, and 26. However, the flow pattern becomes unstable at Reynolds numbers 50, 100, and 195, leading to the development of the Kármán vortex street. The FEATool Multiphysics software in MATLAB (R2019b) was utilized to numerically solve the steady 2D Navier-Stokes equation. The study compared the estimated drag coefficient to previous experimental and analytical studies in Abaqus/CFD. The lift and pressure coefficients were also calculated, and their results were found to be in strong agreement with earlier investigations in terms of predicting pressure and velocity distribution. The analysis provided insight into how the flow field changes with increasing Reynolds numbers.

Keywords:

drag coefficient, cylinder, FEATool Multiphysics in MATLAB (R2019b), Reynolds number

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Hashiguchi and K. Kuwahara, "Two-Dimensional Study of Flow past a Circular Cylinder," Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, vol. 974, pp. 164–169, Nov. 1996.

W. Rajhi, B. Ayadi, A. Alghamdi, and N. Messaoudene, "An Anisotropic Elastic-plastic Model for the Optimization of a Press Machine’s Auxiliary Worktable Plate Thickness," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 2764–2769, Apr. 2018.

V. Dragan, "A Numerical Proof of Concept for Thermal Flow Control," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1387–1390, Feb. 2017.

I. Malael and V. Dragan, "Numerical and Experimental Efficiency Evaluation of a Counter-Rotating Vertical Axis Wind Turbine," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3282–3286, Aug. 2018.

C. Wieselsberger, "New Data on the Laws of Fluid Resistance," National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NACA-TN-84, Mar. 1922.

A. Roshko, "Experiments on the flow past a circular cylinder at very high Reynolds number," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 345–356, May 1961.

M. M. Zdravkovich, "A Critical Remark on Use of Drag Coefficient at Low Reynolds Numbers," 1979.

P. R. Spalart, "Numerical simulation of separated flows," Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, 1983.

M. Braza, P. Chassaing, and H. H. Minh, "Numerical study and physical analysis of the pressure and velocity fields in the near wake of a circular cylinder," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 165, pp. 79–130, Apr. 1986.

C. Liu, X. Zheng, and C. H. Sung, "Preconditioned Multigrid Methods for Unsteady Incompressible Flows," Journal of Computational Physics, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 35–57, Jan. 1998.

P. Catalano, M. Wang, G. Iaccarino, and P. Moin, "Numerical simulation of the flow around a circular cylinder at high Reynolds numbers," International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 463–469, Aug. 2003.

H. Ding, C. Shu, K. S. Yeo, and D. Xu, "Simulation of incompressible viscous flows past a circular cylinder by hybrid FD scheme and meshless least square-based finite difference method," Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 193, no. 9, pp. 727–744, Mar. 2004.

M. M. Rahman, M. M. Karim, and M. A. Alim, "Numerical investigation of unsteady flow past a circular cylinder using 2-D finite volume method," Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 27–42, 2007.

R. Merrick and G. Bitsuamlak, "Control of flow around a circular cylinder by the use of surface roughness: A computational and experimental approach," in 4th International Conference Advances in Wind and Structures, Jeju, Korea, Dec. 2008, pp. 1–15.

N. Rajani, A. Kandasamy, and S. Majumdar, "Numerical simulation of laminar flow past a circular cylinder," Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 1228–1247, Mar. 2009.

N. Kanaris, D. Grigoriadis, and S. Kassinos, "Three dimensional flow around a circular cylinder confined in a plane channel," Physics of Fluids, vol. 23, no. 6, Jun. 2011, Art. no. 064106.

R. Farhoud, S. Amiralaie, G. Jabbari, and S. Amiralaie, "Numerical Study of Unsteady Laminar Flow around a Circular Cylinder," Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 63–67, Jan. 2012.

M. Sato and T. Kobayashi, "A fundamental study of the flow past a circular cylinder using Abaqus/CFD," in SIMULIA Community Conference, Providence, RI, USA, Dec. 2012, pp. 1–15.

Y. Bao, D. Zhou, and J. Tu, "Flow characteristics of two in-phase oscillating cylinders in side-by-side arrangement," Computers & Fluids, vol. 71, pp. 124–145, Jan. 2013.

D. E. Rival, J. Kriegseis, P. Schaub, A. Widmann, and C. Tropea, "Characteristic length scales for vortex detachment on plunging profiles with varying leading-edge geometry," Experiments in Fluids, vol. 55, no. 1, Jan. 2014, Art. no. 1660.

J. MacArthur, "Wall shear-stress management on an accelerating circular cylinder," M.S. thesis, The University of New Brunswick, 2017.

V. Ageorges, J. Peixinho, G. Perret, G. Lartigue, and V. Moureau, "Numerical and experimental studies of the flow around a partially submerged vertical cylinder," in 24th French Congress of Mechanics, Brest, France, Aug. 2019, pp. 1–10.

N. Chakraborty, Simulation of Flow past a Cylinder at Moderate Reynolds Numbers (CFD). London, UK: University of London, 2021.

A. Samanta, "Simulation of flows with different shaped cylinders using CFD," American Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 19–24, 2022.

M. Ghalandari, E. Mirzadeh Koohshahi, F. Mohamadian, S. Shamshirband, and K. W. Chau, "Numerical simulation of nanofluid flow inside a root canal," Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 254–264, Jan. 2019.

V. John and G. Matthies, "Higher-order finite element discretizations in a benchmark problem for incompressible flows," International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 885–903, 2001.

R. Rannacher and G. Wittum, On high order methods for the stationary incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. 1998.

D.-W. Sun and B.-X. Sun, "The Research on Flow Past a Cylinder," in 3rd Annual International Conference on Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering, Chengdu, China, Dec. 2016, pp. 1047–1050.

D. D. Gray, A First Course in Fluid Mechanics for Civil Engineers. Highlands Ranch, CO, USA: Water Resources Publication, 1999.

R. Clift, J. R. Grace, and M. E. Weber, "Formation and breakup of fluid particles," in Bubbles, Drops and Particles, New York, NY, USA: Academic Press, 1978, pp. 321–351.

B. R. Munson, D. F. Young, and T. H. Okiishi, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 2005.

"To simulate flow over a cylinder and explain the phenomenon of Karmen vortex street using Ansys Fluent." https://skill-lync.com/student-projects/Steady-Vs-Unsteady-flow-over-a-cylinder-5929.

T. Baracu and R. Bosneagu, "Numerical analysis of the flow around a cylinder for the perspective of correlations of the drag coefficient of the ship’s hulls," Scientific Bulletin of Naval Academy, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 256–267, 2019.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
B. M. A. S. Ali, J. M. S. Suleimany, and S. S. Ibrahim, “Numerical Modeling of the Flow around a Cylinder using FEATool Multiphysics”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 11290–11297, Aug. 2023.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 508
PDF Downloads: 497

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)