Interference Mitigation Strategy for D2D Communication in 5G Networks


  • Sultan Alotaibi College of Computer and Information Systems, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 11318-11325 | August 2023 |


Device-to-Device (D2D) communication is one of the most promising developments in 5G networks. D2D communication can reduce communication latency and increase spectrum efficiency and system capacity. However, implementing D2D communication in reuse mode with a traditional cellular network can result in severe interference that can significantly reduce network performance, as both networks share the same resources. It is essential to mitigate interference to improve network capacity when D2D communication coexists with traditional cellular networks. An effective power control strategy can help mitigate the potential detrimental impact of interference and maximize the potential benefits of D2D communication. In this study, a dynamic transmission power control strategy was proposed for D2D transmitters to allow them to dynamically adjust transmission power, aiming to minimize interference and maximize network capacity. The distance between and the number of D2D pairs that experience interference were the primary parameters considered for the proposed strategy, while its complexity was in polynomial time. A simulation was carried out to evaluate the proposed strategy and compare it with fixed and ranged-based approaches, and the results validated its effectiveness.


5G, D2D, interference, power control


Download data is not yet available.


"Wireless Technology Evolution towards 5G: 3GPP Release 13 to Release 15 and Beyond," 5G America, Bellevue, WA, USA, Feb. 2017.

A. A. Dejen, Y. Wondie, and A. Förster, "Survey on D2D Resource Scheduling and Power Control Techniques: State-of-art and Challenges," EAI Endorsed Transactions on Mobile Communications and Applications, vol. 7, no. 21, May 2022.

F. O. Ombongi, H. O. Absaloms, and P. L. Kibet, "Energy Efficient Resource Allocation in Millimeter-Wave D2D Enabled 5G Cellular Networks," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 6152–6160, Aug. 2020.

Z. Hussain, A. ur R. Khan, H. Mehdi, and S. M. A. Saleem, "Analysis of Device-to-Device Communication over Double-Generalized Gamma Channels," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3265–3269, Aug. 2018.

Z. Hussain, A. ur R. Khan, H. Mehdi, and S. M. A. Saleem, "Analysis of D2D Communication System Over κ-μ Shadowed Fading Channel," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3405–3410, Oct. 2018.

D. Wang, H. Qin, B. Song, X. Du, and M. Guizani, "Resource Allocation in Information-Centric Wireless Networking With D2D-Enabled MEC: A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 114935–114944, 2019.

G. Fodor et al., "Design aspects of network assisted device-to-device communications," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 170–177, Mar. 2012.

"Feasibility study for Proximity Services (ProSe)," 3GPP, Sophia Antipolis, France, 22.803, 2013.

X. Lin, J. G. Andrews, A. Ghosh, and R. Ratasuk, "An overview of 3GPP device-to-device proximity services," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 40–48, Apr. 2014.

P. Mach, Z. Becvar, and T. Vanek, "In-Band Device-to-Device Communication in OFDMA Cellular Networks: A Survey and Challenges," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1885–1922, 2015.

Y. Yuan, T. Yang, H. Feng, and B. Hu, "An Iterative Matching-Stackelberg Game Model for Channel-Power Allocation in D2D Underlaid Cellular Networks," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 7456–7471, Aug. 2018.

H. Takshi, G. Doǧan, and H. Arslan, "Joint Optimization of Device to Device Resource and Power Allocation Based on Genetic Algorithm," IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 21173–21183, 2018.

C.-S. Hsu and W.-C. Chen, "Joint Power Control and Channel Assignment for Green Device-to-Device Communication," in 2018 IEEE 16th Intl Conf on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, 16th Intl Conf on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing, 4th Intl Conf on Big Data Intelligence and Computing and Cyber Science and Technology Congress(DASC/PiCom/DataCom/CyberSciTech), Athens, Greece, Dec. 2018, pp. 881–884.

J. Liu, N. Kato, J. Ma, and N. Kadowaki, "Device-to-Device Communication in LTE-Advanced Networks: A Survey," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1923–1940, 2015.

L. Han, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, and J. Mu, "Power Control for Full-Duplex D2D Communications Underlaying Cellular Networks," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 111858–111865, 2019.

A. Bulashenko, S. Piltyay, and I. Demchenko, "Energy Efficiency of the D2D Direct Connection System in 5G Networks," in 2020 IEEE International Conference on Problems of Infocommunications. Science and Technology (PIC S&T), Kharkiv, Ukraine, Jul. 2020, pp. 537–542.

K. K. Nguyen, T. Q. Duong, N. A. Vien, N.-A. Le-Khac, and M.-N. Nguyen, "Non-Cooperative Energy Efficient Power Allocation Game in D2D Communication: A Multi-Agent Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 100480–100490, 2019.

L. Ferdouse, W. Ejaz, K. Raahemifar, A. Anpalagan, and M. Markandaier, "Interference and throughput aware resource allocation for multi-class D2D in 5G networks," IET Communications, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1241–1250, 2017.

N. Lee, X. Lin, J. G. Andrews, and R. W. Heath, "Power Control for D2D Underlaid Cellular Networks: Modeling, Algorithms, and Analysis," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1–13, Jan. 2015.

K. Doppler, M. Rinne, C. Wijting, C. B. Ribeiro, and K. Hugl, "Device-to-device communication as an underlay to LTE-advanced networks," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 42–49, Sep. 2009.

P. Khuntia and R. Hazra, "An Efficient Channel and Power Allocation Scheme for D2D Enabled Cellular Communication System: An IoT Application," IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 21, no. 22, pp. 25340–25351, Aug. 2021.

S. S. Sarma, P. Khuntia, and R. Hazra, "Power control scheme for device-to-device communication using uplink channel in 5G mm-Wave network," Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, vol. 33, no. 6, 2022, Art. no. e4267.

J. Gu, S. J. Bae, B.-G. Choi, and M. Y. Chung, "Dynamic power control mechanism for interference coordination of device-to-device communication in cellular networks," in 2011 Third International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), Dalian, China, Jun. 2011, pp. 71–75.

M. Alazab, S. Khan, S. S. R. Krishnan, Q.-V. Pham, M. P. K. Reddy, and T. R. Gadekallu, "A Multidirectional LSTM Model for Predicting the Stability of a Smart Grid," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 85454–85463, 2020.

L. Wang, H. Tang, H. Wu, and G. L. Stüber, "Resource Allocation for D2D Communications Underlay in Rayleigh Fading Channels," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 1159–1170, Oct. 2017.

M. Ahmed, H. Shi, X. Chen, Y. Li, M. Waqas, and D. Jin, "Socially Aware Secrecy-Ensured Resource Allocation in D2D Underlay Communication: An Overlapping Coalitional Game Scheme," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 4118–4133, Jun. 2018.

C. H. Yu, O. Tirkkonen, K. Doppler, and C. Ribeiro, "Power Optimization of Device-to-Device Communication Underlaying Cellular Communication," in 2009 IEEE International Conference on Communications, Dresden, Germany, Jun. 2009, pp. 1–5.

P. K. Reddy Maddikunta, G. Srivastava, T. Reddy Gadekallu, N. Deepa, and P. Boopathy, "Predictive model for battery life in IoT networks," IET Intelligent Transport Systems, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 1388–1395, 2020.

P. Khuntia and R. Hazra, "QOS aware channel and power allocation scheme for D2D enabled cellular networks," Telecommunication Systems, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 543–554, Dec. 2019.

M. Li, "Soft Frequency Reuse-Based Resource Allocation for D2D Communications Using Both Licensed and Unlicensed Bands," in 2019 Eleventh International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), Zagreb, Croatia, Jul. 2019, pp. 384–386.

A. Memmi, Z. Rezki, and M.-S. Alouini, "Power Control for D2D Underlay Cellular Networks With Channel Uncertainty," IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 1330–1343, Oct. 2017.

Q. Duong and O.-S. Shin, "Distance-based interference coordination for device-to-device communications in cellular networks," in 2013 Fifth International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (ICUFN), Da Nang, Vietnam, Jul. 2013, pp. 776–779.

Y. He, X. Luan, J. Wang, M. Feng, and J. Wu, "Power allocation for D2D communications in heterogeneous networks," in 16th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, Pyeongchang, Korea (South), Oct. 2014, pp. 1041–1044.

S. Y. Shin and T. A. Nugraha, "Cooperative water filling (CoopWF) algorithm for small cell networks," in 2013 International Conference on ICT Convergence (ICTC), Jeju, Korea (South), Jul. 2013, pp. 959–961.

"5G NR UE Power Classes," Techplayon, Jan. 05, 2021.


How to Cite

S. Alotaibi, “Interference Mitigation Strategy for D2D Communication in 5G Networks”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 11318–11325, Aug. 2023.


Abstract Views: 232
PDF Downloads: 171

Metrics Information