Fatigue Performance of Rib-to-Deck Double-Sided Weld Joint of Orthotropic Steel Deck on Plate Girder Railway Bridges

Authors

  • Radha Krishna Amritraj Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Patna, India
  • Shambhu Sharan Mishra Department of Civil Engineering, NIT Patna, India
Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 11146-11152 | August 2023 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5994

Abstract

This research work presents the stress behavior of rib-deck weld joints in Orthotropic Steel Deck (OSD) railway bridges. It is essential to determine the most vulnerable load mode of the wheels for fatigue failure of OSD bridges and to improve the fatigue resistance of the welded rib-deck connection. Fatigue performance largely depends on the weld stress. Double-sided welds for rib-deck welds improve fatigue performance. The fatigue behavior of the rib-deck double-sided weld joint has been compared with the single-sided one. This study used Abaqus software to create the global shell model and the solid submodel of the OSD. The results of the structural stress-based finite element analysis indicated that when the center line of the front axle pair of a locomotive coincides with the center line of the midspan of the bridge, the most severe loading condition occurs. The rib near the main girder experiences the maximum structural stress in the weld toe of the rib-deck joint. Moreover, the rib-deck double-sided weld joints have 43.7% less structural stress compared to single-sided weld joints at the root of the weld, and this improves the performance during fatigue of OSDs.

Keywords:

orthotropic steel deck, rib-to-deck weld joint, double-sided weld, structural stress method, train load

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

G. Alencar, A. de Jesus, J. G. S. da Silva, and R. Calçada, "Fatigue cracking of welded railway bridges: A review," Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 104, pp. 154–176, Oct. 2019.

Z. Qing-hua, B. U. Yi-zhi, and L. I. Qiao, "Review on Fatigue Problems of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck(in English)," China Journal of Highway and Transport, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 14-31 , Mar. 2017.

S. Zhang, X. Shao, J. Cao, J. Cui, J. Hu, and L. Deng, "Fatigue Performance of a Lightweight Composite Bridge Deck with Open Ribs," Journal of Bridge Engineering, vol. 21, no. 7, Jul. 2016, Art. no. 04016039.

P. Wang, X. Pei, P. Dong, and S. Song, "Traction structural stress analysis of fatigue behaviors of rib-to-deck joints in orthotropic bridge deck," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 125, pp. 11–22, Aug. 2019.

M. S. Pfeil, R. C. Battista, and A. J. R. Mergulhão, "Stress concentration in steel bridge orthotropic decks," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 61, no. 8, pp. 1172–1184, Aug. 2005.

S. Ya, K. Yamada, and T. Ishikawa, "Fatigue Evaluation of Rib-to-Deck Welded Joints of Orthotropic Steel Bridge Deck," Journal of Bridge Engineering, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 492–499, Jul. 2011.

Z.-G. Xiao, K. Yamada, S. Ya, and X.-L. Zhao, "Stress analyses and fatigue evaluation of rib-to-deck joints in steel orthotropic decks," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1387–1397, Aug. 2008.

S. Zengah, A. Aid, and M. Benguediab, "Comparative Study of Fatigue Damage Models Using Different Number of Classes Combined with the Rainflow Method," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 446–451, Jun. 2013.

J. Li, Q. Zhang, Y. Bao, J. Zhu, L. Chen, and Y. Bu, "An equivalent structural stress-based fatigue evaluation framework for rib-to-deck welded joints in orthotropic steel deck," Engineering Structures, vol. 196, Oct. 2019, Art. no. 109304.

R. Wolchuk, "Lessons from Weld Cracks in Orthotropic Decks on Three European Bridges," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 75–84, Jan. 1990.

F. Jiang, Z. Fu, B. Ji, and L. Wan, "Fatigue life evaluation of deck to U-rib welds in orthotropic steel deck integrating weldment size effects on welding residual stress," Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 124, Jun. 2021, Art. no. 105359.

Y. Liu, F. Chen, N. Lu, L. Wang, and B. Wang, "Fatigue performance of rib-to-deck double-side welded joints in orthotropic steel decks," Engineering Failure Analysis, vol. 105, pp. 127–142, Nov. 2019.

B. Cheng, X. Ye, X. Cao, D. D. Mbako, and Y. Cao, "Experimental study on fatigue failure of rib-to-deck welded connections in orthotropic steel bridge decks," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 103, pp. 157–167, Oct. 2017.

H. Yang, P. Wang, H. Qian, S. Niu, and P. Dong, "An experimental investigation into fatigue behaviors of single- and double-sided U rib welds in orthotropic bridge decks," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 159, Jun. 2022, Art. no. 106827.

C. Fan, L. Da, K. Wang, S. Song, and H. Chen, "Fatigue Tests and Failure Mechanism of Rib-to-Deck Welded Joints in Steel Bridge," Sustainability, vol. 15, no. 3, Jan. 2023, Art. no. 2108.

P. Dong, M. Prager, and D. Osage, "The Design Master S-N Curve in ASME Div 2 Rewrite and its Validations," Welding in the World, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 53–63, May 2007.

P. Dong, "A Robust Structural Stress Method for Fatigue Analysis of Offshore/Marine Structures," Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. 68–74, Mar. 2005.

P. Dong, "A structural stress definition and numerical implementation for fatigue analysis of welded joints," International Journal of Fatigue, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 865–876, Nov. 2001.

H. Yang, P. Wang, H. Qian, and P. Dong, "Fatigue Performance of Different Rib-To-Deck Connections Using Traction Structural Stress Method," Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no. 4, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 1239.

T. Marin and G. Nicoletto, "Fatigue design of welded joints using the finite element method and the 2007 ASME Div. 2 Master curve," Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 76–84, 2009.

"Abaqus Theory Manual," Abaqus Software s.a.r.l., Paris, France, 2014.

Y. Almoosi, J. McConnell, and N. Oukaili, "Evaluation of the Variation in Dynamic Load Factor Throughout a Highly Skewed Steel I-Girder Bridge," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7079–7087, Jun. 2021.

"SIMULIA fe-safe Durability Analysis Software for Finite Element Models." Trimech, 2019. Available: https://enterprise.trimech.com/simulia/fe-safe/.

RDSO, "Indian Railway Standard Code of Practice for the Design of Steel or Wrought Iron Bridges carrying Rail, Road or Pedestrian Traffic," Research Design and Standards Organisation, Lucknow, India, 2003.

"EN 1991-2:2003 Eurocode 1. Actions on structures - Part 2: Traffic loads on bridges," European Committee for Standardization, Brusseles, Belgium, European Standard, 2003.

"EN 1993-1-9:2005 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - Part 1-9: Fatigue," European Committee for Standardization, Brusseles, Belgium, European Standard, 2005.

"EN 1993-2:2006 Eurocode 3:Design of steel structures - Part 2: Steel bridges," European Committee for Standardization, Brusseles, Belgium, European Standard, 2006.

Y. Kambouz, M. Benguediab, and B. Bouchouicha, "Numerical Analysis of Crack Progress in Different Areas of a Friction Stir Welded Bead for an 5251 H14 Aluminum Alloy Specimen," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 581–586, Feb. 2014.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
R. K. Amritraj and S. S. Mishra, “Fatigue Performance of Rib-to-Deck Double-Sided Weld Joint of Orthotropic Steel Deck on Plate Girder Railway Bridges”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 11146–11152, Aug. 2023.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 443
PDF Downloads: 353

Metrics Information