Exploration of the HBSM MMC Five-Level Inverter for D-STATCOM Application

Authors

  • Elluru Ramakrishna EEE Department, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur, India
  • Gadhamappagari Jayakrishna EEE Department, Holy Mary Institute of Technology and Science, India
  • Sujatha Peddakotla EEE Department, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur, India
Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 11191-11196 | August 2023 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5965

Abstract

This paper presents the concert exploration of a Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) and its application for D-STATCOM. The Half Bridge (HB) sub-module is adopted in the MMC due to its simplicity and low conduction losses. An advanced modulation technique of the Phase Disposition (PD) scheme is applied for the control of the HB MMC switches. The converters are facing DC voltage balance problems under non-linear load conditions. The Proportional and Integral (PI) controller is adopted for the balance of DC voltage. Performance parameters such as apparent power, active power, reactive power, power factor, DC voltage balance, and Total Harmonics Distortion (THD) are presented and compared with the ones of the traditional two-level converter. The proposed scheme is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink.

Keywords:

Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC), Half Bridge (HB) sub module, Phase Disposition (PD), PI controller, DC voltage balance

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and C. Babu, "Simulation Analysis of Switch Controlled Power Filters for Harmonic Reduction," International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, vol. 11, pp. 7597–7602, Jun. 2016.

R. Jadeja, S. Patel, and S. Chauhan, "STATCOM – A Preface to Power Quality in Power Systems Performance," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 895–905, Feb. 2016.

H. Akagi, "Large static converters for industry and utility applications," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 976–983, Jun. 2001.

D. B. Kanase, A. R. Thorat, and H. T. Jadhav, "Distribution static compensator for power quality improvement using PV array," in 2015 IEEE International Conference on Electrical, Computer and Communication Technologies (ICECCT), Coimbatore, India, Mar. 2015, pp. 1–5.

M. Badoni, A. Singh, and B. Singh, "Implementation of Immune Feedback Control Algorithm for Distribution Static Compensator," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 918–927, Jan. 2019.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and C. Sai Babu, "Computational intelligence based control of cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for shunt active power filter application," Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, Jan. 2020.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and Ch. Sai Babu, "Fuzzy Logic Control of SLMMC-Based SAPF Under Nonlinear Loads," International Journal of Fuzzy Systems, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 428–437, Mar. 2020.

M. M. Ertay, M. Multan Biswas, and H. L. Ginn, "The Performance of MMC-DSTATCOM under Unbalanced and Faulty Grid Conditions in Low Voltage Microgrids," in 2020 21st International Symposium on Electrical Apparatus & Technologies (SIELA), Bourgas, Bulgaria, Jun. 2020.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and Ch. Sai Babu, "Recital analysis of multilevel cascade H-bridge based active power filter under load variation," SN Applied Sciences, vol. 1, no. 12, Nov. 2019, Art. no. 1621.

Υ. Nagaraja, T. Devaraju, A. M. Sankar, and V. Narasimhulu, "PV and Wind Energy Conversion Exploration based on Grid Integrated Hybrid Generation Using the Cuttlefish Algorithm," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9670–9675, Dec. 2022.

V. Narasimhulu and K. Jithendra Gowd, "Performance Analysis of Single-Stage PV Connected Three-Phase Grid System Under Steady State and Dynamic Conditions," in Cybernetics, Cognition and Machine Learning Applications, Singapore, 2021, pp. 39–46.

N. Mariun, S. Aizam, H. Hizam, and N. I. A. Wahab, "Design of pole placement controller in D-STATCOM for unbalanced faults mitigation," in 2005 International Power Engineering Conference, Singapore, Aug. 2005.

T. Demirdelen, R. I. Kayaalp, and M. Tumay, "A Modular Cascaded Multilevel Inverter Based Shunt Hybrid Active Power Filter for Selective Harmonic and Reactive Power Compensation Under Distorted/Unbalanced Grid Voltage Conditions," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1133–1138, Oct. 2016.

S. Mikkili and A. K. Panda, "SHAF for Mitigation of Current Harmonics Using p-q Method with PI and Fuzzy Controllers," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 98–104, Aug. 2011.

R. Kumar, B. Singh, D. T. Shahani, and C. Jain, "Dual-Tree Complex Wavelet Transform-Based Control Algorithm for Power Quality Improvement in a Distribution System," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 764–772, Jan. 2017.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and C. Sai Babu, "State of Art Review of Various Control Methods for Cascade H-Bridge 5-Level Inverter to Mitigate Harmonics," International Journal of Control Theory and Applications, vol. 10, no. 28, pp. 1–7, May 2017.

S. B. Karanki, N. Geddada, M. K. Mishra, and B. K. Kumar, "A DSTATCOM Topology With Reduced DC-Link Voltage Rating for Load Compensation With Nonstiff Source," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1201–1211, Mar. 2012.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and C. Sai Babu, "Comparative Simulation Analysis of Harmonics in Line-Line Output Voltage of Multilevel Inverters for Different Modulation Indices," International Journal of Control Theory and Applications, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 289–296, Jan. 2017.

P. H. Henning, H. D. Fuchs, A. D. le Roux, and H. du T. Mouton, "A 1.5-MW Seven-Cell Series-Stacked Converter as an Active Power Filter and Regeneration Converter for a DC Traction Substation," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 2230–2236, Sep. 2008.

V. Narasimhulu, D. V. Ashok Kumar, and C. Sai Babu, "Recital Analysis of Modular Multilevel Converter Based Shunt Active Power Filter," Journal of Mechanics of Continua and Mathematical Sciences, no. Special Issue No 5, pp. 181–192, Jan. 2020.

W. K. Chang, W. M. Grady, and M. J. Samotyj, "Meeting IEEE-519 harmonic voltage and voltage distortion constraints with an active power line conditioner," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1531–1537, Jul. 1994.

V. Naga Bhaskar Reddy, V. Narasimhulu, and C. Sai Babu, "Control Of Cascaded Multilevel Inverter By Using Carrier Based PWM Technique And Implemented To Induction Motor Drive"," International Congress for Global Science and Technology-ASCE Journal, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–18, Dec. 2010.

V. H. Nguyen, H. Nguyen, M. T. Cao, and K. H. Le, "Performance Comparison between PSO and GA in Improving Dynamic Voltage Stability in ANFIS Controllers for STATCOM," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4863–4869, Dec. 2019.

R. Jadeja, S. Patel, and S. Chauhan, "STATCOM – A Preface to Power Quality in Power Systems Performance," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 895–905, Feb. 2016.

P. Vaidya and V. K. Chandrakar, "Exploring the Enhanced Performance of a Static Synchronous Compensator with a Super-Capacitor in Power Networks," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9703–9708, Dec. 2022.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
E. Ramakrishna, G. Jayakrishna, and S. Peddakotla, “Exploration of the HBSM MMC Five-Level Inverter for D-STATCOM Application”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 11191–11196, Aug. 2023.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 331
PDF Downloads: 279

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)