Heat Transfer Enhancement in a Receiver Tube of Solar Collector Using Various Materials and Nanofluids

Authors

  • D. Guerraiche Applied Energy Physics Paboratory (LPEA), Department of Physics, Faculty of Matter Sciences, University of Batna 1, Algeria
  • K. Guerraiche Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Batna 2, Algeria
  • Z. Driss Laboratory of Electromechanical Systems (LASEM), National School of Engineers of Sfax (ENIS), University of Sfax, Tunisia
  • A. Chibani Department of Chemical Engineering, University Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, Algeria
  • S. Merouani Department of Chemical Engineering, University Salah Boubnider Constantine 3, Algeria
  • C. Bougriou Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Technology, University of Batna 2, Algeria
Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 9282-9294 | October 2022 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5214

Abstract

The solar flux distribution on the Parabolic Trough Collector (PTC) absorber tube is extremely non-uniform, which causes non-uniform temperature distribution outside the absorber tube. Therefore, it generates high thermal stress which causes creep and fatigue damage. This presents a challenge to the efficiency and reliability of parabolic trough receivers. To override this problem, we have to homogenize the heat flux distribution and enhance the heat transfer in the receiver’s absorber tube to improve the performance of the PTC. In this work, 3D thermal and thermal stress analyses of PTC receiver performance were investigated with a combination of Monte Carlo Ray-Trace (MCRT), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis, and thermal stress analysis using the static structural module of ANSYS. At first, we studied the effect of the receiver tube material (aluminium, copper, and stainless steel) on heat transfer. The temperature gradients and the thermal stresses were compared. Second, we studied the effect of the addition of nanoparticles on the working Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF), employing an Al2O3-H2O based nanofluid at various volume concentrations. To improve the thermal performance of the PTC, a nanoparticle volume concentration ratio of 1%–6% is required. The results show that the temperature gradients and thermal stresses of stainless steel are significantly higher than those of aluminium and copper. From the standpoint of thermal stress, copper is recommended as the tube receiver material. Using Al2O3 in water as an HTF increases the average output temperature by 2%, 6%, and 10% under volume concentrations of 0%, 2%, and 6% respectively. The study concluded that the thermal efficiency increases from 3% to 14% for nanoparticle volume fractions ranging from 2% to 6%.

Keywords:

Heat transfer, Nanofluids, Solar concentrator, Non-uniform heat flux, Temperature gradient, CFD

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

N. B. Khedher, "Experimental Evaluation of a Flat Plate Solar Collector Under Hail City Climate," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 2750–2754, Apr. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1957

R. Almanza, A. Lentz, and G. Jimenez, "Receiver behavior in direct steam generation with parabolic troughs," Solar Energy, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 275–278, Oct. 1997. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-092X(97)88854-8

H. Price et al., "Advances in Parabolic Trough Solar Power Technology," Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 124, no. 2, pp. 109–125, Apr. 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1467922

M. A. Irfan and W. Chapman, "Thermal stresses in radiant tubes due to axial, circumferential and radial temperature distributions," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1913–1920, Jul. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.08.021

P. Wang, D. Y. Liu, and C. Xu, "Numerical study of heat transfer enhancement in the receiver tube of direct steam generation with parabolic trough by inserting metal foams," Applied Energy, vol. 102, pp. 449–460, Feb. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.07.026

Y.-L. He, K. Wang, Y. Qiu, B.-C. Du, Q. Liang, and S. Du, "Review of the solar flux distribution in concentrated solar power: Non-uniform features, challenges, and solutions," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 149, pp. 448–474, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.12.006

S. Khanna, V. Sharma, S. Singh, and S. B. Kedare, "Explicit expression for temperature distribution of receiver of parabolic trough concentrator considering bimetallic absorber tube," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 103, pp. 323–332, Jun. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.04.110

W. Fuqiang, T. Zhexiang, G. Xiangtao, T. Jianyu, H. Huaizhi, and L. Bingxi, "Heat transfer performance enhancement and thermal strain restrain of tube receiver for parabolic trough solar collector by using asymmetric outward convex corrugated tube," Energy, vol. 114, pp. 275–292, Nov. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.013

Y. Aldali, T. Muneer, and D. Henderson, "Solar absorber tube analysis: thermal simulation using CFD," International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 14–19, Mar. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctr039

M. R. Haddouche and A. Benazza, "Numerical Investigation and Solar Flux Distribution Analysis of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector by Adding Secondary Reflector," Instrumentation Mesure Metrologie, vol. 18, pp. 275–280, Aug. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18280/i2m.180307

C.-Y. Tsai and P. D. Lin, "Optimized variable-focus-parabolic-trough reflector for solar thermal concentrator system," Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1164–1172, May 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2012.01.009

E. Bellos and C. Tzivanidis, "Investigation of a booster secondary reflector for a parabolic trough solar collector," Solar Energy, vol. 179, pp. 174–185, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.12.071

Z. Wu, S. Li, G. Yuan, D. Lei, and Z. Wang, "Three-dimensional numerical study of heat transfer characteristics of parabolic trough receiver," Applied Energy, vol. 113, pp. 902–911, Jan. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.07.050

R. Senthil, C. Rath, and M. Gupta, "Enhancement of uniform temperature distribution on the concentrated solar receiver with integrated phase change material," International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 315–320, Sep. 2017.

D. Guerraiche, C. Bougriou, K. Guerraiche, L. Valenzuela, and Z. Driss, "Experimental and numerical study of a solar collector using phase change material as heat storage," Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 27, Feb. 2020, Art. no. 101133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2019.101133

P. Liu, Z. Dong, H. Xiao, Z. Liu, and W. Liu, "Thermal-hydraulic performance analysis of a novel parabolic trough receiver with double tube for solar cascade heat collection," Energy, vol. 219, Mar. 2021, Art. no. 119566. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.119566

M. Keshavarz Moraveji and S. Razvarz, "Experimental investigation of aluminum oxide nanofluid on heat pipe thermal performance," International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1444–1448, Nov. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2012.07.024

N. Abed, I. Afgan, H. Iacovides, A. Cioncolini, I. Khurshid, and A. Nasser, "Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Parabolic Trough Collectors Using Straight Conical Strip Inserts with Nanofluids," Nanomaterials, vol. 11, no. 4, Apr. 2021, Art. no. 853. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11040853

H. A. Fakhim, "An Investigation of the Effect of Different Nanofluids in a Solar Collector," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1741–1745, Aug. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1283

H. B. Lanjwani, M. S. Chandio, K. Malik, and M. M. Shaikh, "Stability Analysis of Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer of Fe2O3 and Fe-Water Base Nanofluid οver a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet with Radiation Effect," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 8114–8122, Feb. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4649

K. Boukerma and M. Kadja, "Convective Heat Transfer of Al2O3 and CuO Nanofluids Using Various Mixtures of Water-Ethylene Glycol as Base Fluids," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1496–1503, Apr. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1051

T. P. Otanicar, P. E. Phelan, R. S. Prasher, G. Rosengarten, and R. A. Taylor, "Nanofluid-based direct absorption solar collector," Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 2, no. 3, May 2010, Art. no. 033102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3429737

S. Hassani, R. Saidur, S. Mekhilef, and A. Hepbasli, "A new correlation for predicting the thermal conductivity of nanofluids; using dimensional analysis," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 90, pp. 121–130, Nov. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.06.040

V. Verma and L. Kundan, "Thermal Performance Evaluation of a Direct Absorption Flat Plate Solar Collector (DASC) using Al2O3-H2O Based Nanofluids," IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 29–35, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/1684-0622935

D. R. Waghole, R. M. Warkhedkar, V. S. Kulkarni, and R. K. Shrivastva, "Experimental Investigations on Heat Transfer and Friction Factor of Silver Nanofliud in Absorber/Receiver of Parabolic Trough Collector with Twisted Tape Inserts," Energy Procedia, vol. 45, pp. 558–567, Jan. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.01.060

R. A. Taylor et al., "Applicability of nanofluids in high flux solar collectors," Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, vol. 3, no. 2, Mar. 2011, Art. no. 023104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3571565

T. Sokhansefat, A. B. Kasaeian, and F. Kowsary, "Heat transfer enhancement in parabolic trough collector tube using Al2O3/synthetic oil nanofluid," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 33, pp. 636–644, May 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.02.028

T. Yousefi, F. Veysi, E. Shojaeizadeh, and S. Zinadini, "An experimental investigation on the effect of Al2O3–H2O nanofluid on the efficiency of flat-plate solar collectors," Renewable Energy, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 293–298, Mar. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.08.056

M. Mahmoodi and S. M. Hashemi, "Numerical study of natural convection of a nanofluid in C-shaped enclosures," International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 55, pp. 76–89, May 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2012.01.002

R. Forristall, "Heat Transfer Analysis and Modeling of a Parabolic Trough Solar Receiver Implemented in Engineering Equation Solver," National Renewable Energy Lab, Golden, CO, United States, NREL/TP-550-34169, Oct. 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2172/15004820

Y. Wang, Q. Liu, J. Lei, and H. Jin, "Performance analysis of a parabolic trough solar collector with non-uniform solar flux conditions," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 82, pp. 236–249, Mar. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2014.11.055

S. El Becaye Maiga, C. Tam Nguyen, N. Galanis, G. Roy, T. Mare, and M. Coqueux, "Heat transfer enhancement in turbulent tube flow using Al2O3 nanoparticle suspension," International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 275–292, Jan. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/09615530610649717

R. Ekiciler, K. Arslan, O. Turgut, and B. Kursun, "Effect of hybrid nanofluid on heat transfer performance of parabolic trough solar collector receiver," Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 1637–1654, Jan. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-020-09717-5

K. Wang, Y. He, and Z. Cheng, "A design method and numerical study for a new type parabolic trough solar collector with uniform solar flux distribution," Science China Technological Sciences, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 531–540, Mar. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-013-5452-6

M. S. Bretado de los Rios, C. I. Rivera-Solorio, and A. J. Garcia-Cuellar, "Thermal performance of a parabolic trough linear collector using Al2O3/H2O nanofluids," Renewable Energy, vol. 122, pp. 665–673, Jul. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.01.094

A. Mwesigye, T. Bello-Ochende, and J. P. Meyer, "Heat transfer and thermodynamic performance of a parabolic trough receiver with centrally placed perforated plate inserts," Applied Energy, vol. 136, pp. 989–1003, Dec. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.03.037

V. Gnielinski, "On heat transfer in tubes," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 63, pp. 134–140, Aug. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.04.015

E. Esmaeilzadeh, H. Almohammadi, Sh. Nasiri Vatan, and A. N. Omrani, "Experimental investigation of hydrodynamics and heat transfer characteristics of γ-Al2O3/water under laminar flow inside a horizontal tube," International Journal of Thermal Sciences, vol. 63, pp. 31–37, Jan. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2012.07.001

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
D. Guerraiche, K. Guerraiche, Z. Driss, A. Chibani, S. Merouani, and C. Bougriou, “Heat Transfer Enhancement in a Receiver Tube of Solar Collector Using Various Materials and Nanofluids”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 9282–9294, Oct. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 458
PDF Downloads: 256

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)