A Comparative Study on Hybrid Vibration Control of Base-isolated Buildings Equipped with ATMD



The vibration control for building structures using hybrid control (base isolators BI and Active Tuned Mass Dampers-ATMDs) has attracted the attention of researchers. This paper establishes a hybrid vibration control system of structure and compares structural response and active tuned mass damper performance among the structure using two different control algorithms (PID and LQR). Through simulation research, from the comparative analysis of performance indexes of structural response and ATMD performance, it is concluded that the LQR controller outperforms the PID controller in reducing the structural responses.


PID control, LQR Control, hybrid control, base isolation, ATMD


Download data is not yet available.


A. Manchalwar and S. V. Bakre, "Vibration control of structure by top base isolated storey as tuned mass damper," International Journal of Dynamics and Control, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 963–972, Sep. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40435-020-00614-1

L. Xu, Y. Cui, and Z. Wang, "Active tuned mass damper based vibration control for seismic excited adjacent buildings under actuator saturation," Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 135, Aug. 2020, Art. no. 106181. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2020.106181

S. H. Hosseini Lavassani, S. Shangapour, P. Homami, V. Gharehbaghi, E. Noroozinejad Farsangi, and T. Y. Yang, "An innovative methodology for hybrid vibration control (MR+TMD) of buildings under seismic excitations," Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 155, Apr. 2022, Art. no. 107175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2022.107175

M.-C. Hsieh, G.-L. Huang, H. Liu, S.-J. Chen, and B.-F. Chen, "A numerical study of hybrid tuned mass damper and tuned liquid damper system on structure motion control," Ocean Engineering, vol. 242, Dec. 2021, Art. no. 110129. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.110129

M. Sareban, "Evaluation of Three Common Algorithms for Structure Active Control," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1638–1646, Jun. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1150

G. Xu and M. Yamanari, "Performance of Steel Frame with Linkage System under Earthquake Excitation," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3796–3802, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2519

N. Pnevmatikos and C. Gantes, "Actively and Semi-actively Controlled Structures Under Seismic Actions: Modeling and Analysis," in Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering, New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2014, pp. 1–24. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36197-5_146-1

Y. Arfiadi and M. N. S. Hadi, "Passive and active control of three-dimensional buildings," Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 377–396, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(200003)29:3<377::AID-EQE911>3.0.CO;2-C

B. Kavyashree, S. Patil, and V. S. Rao, "Review on vibration control in tall buildings: from the perspective of devices and applications," International Journal of Dynamics and Control, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1316–1331, Sep. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40435-020-00728-6

F. Casciati, J. Rodellar, and U. Yildirim, "Active and semi-active control of structures – theory and applications: A review of recent advances," Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1181–1195, Jul. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1045389X12445029

M. S. H. Al-Furjan, M. Habibi, J. Ni, D. won Jung, and A. Tounsi, "Frequency simulation of viscoelastic multi-phase reinforced fully symmetric systems," Engineering with Computers, Oct. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00366-020-01200-x

M. S. H. Al-Furjan, A. hatami, M. Habibi, L. Shan, and A. Tounsi, "On the vibrations of the imperfect sandwich higher-order disk with a lactic core using generalize differential quadrature method," Composite Structures, vol. 257, Feb. 2021, Art. no. 113150. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.113150

S. Alimirzaei, M. Mohammadimehr, and A. Tounsi, "Nonlinear analysis of viscoelastic micro-composite beam with geometrical imperfection using FEM: MSGT electro-magneto-elastic bending, buckling and vibration solutions," Structural Engineering and Mechanics, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 485–502, 2019.

T. T. Soong and B. F. Spencer, "Active, semi-active and hybrid control of structures," Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 387–402, Sep. 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.33.3.387-402

J. E. Hughes, Y. Kim, J. W. Chong, and C. Kim, "Particle Swarm Optimization for Active Structural Control of Highway Bridges Subjected to Impact Loading," Shock and Vibration, vol. 2018, Aug. 2018, Art. no. e4932870. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4932870

H. Monfared, A. Shirvani, and S. O. Nwaubani, "An investigation into the seismic base isolation from practical perspective," International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 451–463, Apr. 2013.

J. M. Kelly, "The role of damping in seismic isolation," Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 3–20, 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(199901)28:1<3::AID-EQE801>3.0.CO;2-D

M. Ezzraimi, R. Tiberkak, A. Melbous, and S. Rechak, "LQR and PID Algorithms for Vibration Control of Piezoelectric Composite Plates," Mechanics, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 734–740, Nov. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.mech.24.5.20645

A. H. Heidari, S. Etedali, and M. R. Javaheri-Tafti, "A hybrid LQR-PID control design for seismic control of buildings equipped with ATMD," Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 44–57, Mar. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11709-016-0382-6

A. Alavinasab, H. Moharrami, and A. Khajepour, "Active Control of Structures Using Energy-Based LQR Method," Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 605–611, 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8667.2006.00460.x

J. Zhang, L. He, E. Wang, and R. Gao, "A LQR Controller Design for Active Vibration Control of Flexible Structures," in IEEE Pacific-Asia Workshop on Computational Intelligence and Industrial Application, Wuhan, China, Dec. 2008, vol. 1, pp. 127–132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PACIIA.2008.358

M. Arif Sen, M. Tinkir, and M. Kalyoncu, "Optimisation of a PID controller for a two-floor structure under earthquake excitation based on the bees algorithm," Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 107–127, Mar. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1461348418757906

C. C. Chang, J. F. Wang, and C. C. Lin, "Parameter identification for active mass damper controlled systems," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 744, Jun. 2016, Art. no. 012166. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/744/1/012166

D. Demetriou, N. Nikitas, and K. D. Tsavdaridis, "Performance of proportional-integral-derivative controllers on structures with variable damping active tuned mass dampers," in 6th World Conference on Structural Control and Monitoring, Barcelona, Spain, Jul. 2014.

R. Guclu, "Sliding mode and PID control of a structural system against earthquake," Mathematical and Computer Modelling, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 210–217, Jul. 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcm.2006.01.014

H. Bassi and Y. A. Mobarak, "State-Space Modeling and Performance Analysis of Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Based on a Model Predictive Control Approach," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1436–1443, Apr. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1015


How to Cite

M. S. Jaballah, S. Harzallah, and B. Nail, “A Comparative Study on Hybrid Vibration Control of Base-isolated Buildings Equipped with ATMD”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 8652–8657, Jun. 2022.


Abstract Views: 230
PDF Downloads: 135

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share