Stability Analysis of Boundary Layer Flow and Heat Transfer of Fe2O3 and Fe-Water Base Nanofluid οver a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet with Radiation Effect
Received: 24 November 2021 | Revised: 10 December 2021 | Accepted: 18 December 2021 | Online: 28 December 2021
Corresponding author: M. M. Shaikh
In this paper, the radiation and slip effects are investigated on the boundary layer flow and heat transfer of Fe2O3 and Fe-water base nanofluids over a porous stretching/shrinking sheet. A similarity transformation is used to convert the system of governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations, which are then numerically solved in Maple software with the help of the shooting technique. At different ranges of the applied parameters, dual solutions are found. The effects of the different physical factors such as radiation, nanoparticle volumetric fractions, suction, and slip parameters are determined and discussed. The skin-friction coefficient and local Nusselt number are influenced significantly by the applied parameters. In the boundary layer regime, the increase in nanoparticle volume fractions and radiation parameters enhance the temperature and boundary-layer thicknesses, while increasing Prandtl number, suction, and thermal slip parameters decrease the temperature and reduce thermal boundary-layer thicknesses. The suspension of iron nanoparticles shows more enhancement in skin friction and Nusselt number than the iron oxide nanoparticles in base fluid water.
Keywords:boundary layer, dual solutions, shooting method, rediation, nanofluid
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Copyright (c) 2021 H. B. Lanjwani, M. S. Chandio, K. Malik, M. M. Shaikh
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