Robust E-Health Communication Architecture for Rural Communities in Developing Countries
The lack of access to quality healthcare and the lack of sufficient manpower, especially doctors, in rural areas is a major healthcare challenge faced by dwellers in rural communities in most developing countries. The intervention of governments, which range from the introduction of training programs aimed at producing health workers from schools of health technology and nursing to the recalling and deployment of retired nurses to rural areas, has still not been able to generate the desired improvement in healthcare delivery, as outbreaks of epidemics are still being reported in such areas. This work presents an E-Health architecture which utilizes low cost sensors and communication devices to link the doctors in the urban areas with the patients in rural areas enabling doctors-patients interaction. The system enables accurate and timely diagnosis of the patients and facilitates proper treatment plans. It also incorporates an epidemic alert which enables the tracking of diseases and the early detection and control of epidemics.
Keywords:, e-health, epidemic, rural areas, vital signs
K. Ojo, “The crisis in the distribution of health personnel in Nigeria” Health Policy And Planning, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 60-65, 1990 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/5.1.60
M. Kamien, W. Cameron, “Solving the shortage of general practitioners in remote and rural Australia: a Sisyphean task”, The Medical Journal of Australia, Vol. 185, No 11, pp. 652-653, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5694/j.1326-5377.2006.tb00743.x
“Health care in India”, www.wikipeadia.org/wiki/healthcare_in_India
G. Kombe, S. Chankova, H. Nguyen, D. Chipanta, A. Onoja, K. Ogungbemi, A. Taye, “Confronting HIV/AIDS, TB, and Malaria: a situation analysis of human resources health in Nigeria: emerging challenges and opportunities”, Health Systems 20/20, USAID 2007
I. A. Adeoye, M. D. Dairo, L. V. Adekunle, H. O. Adedokun, J. Makanjuola, “Investigation of measles outbreak in a rural Nigeria community - The Aladura experience”, African Journal of Microbiology Research, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 360-366, 2010
I. H. Kara, A. Ceylon, H. Acemoglu, “Measles epidemic in Turkey and developing countries: review of the literature”, Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2004
F. J. Spenser, “Epidemic Shigellosis in a rural area”, Public Health Reports, Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 219-222, 1961 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/4591101
World Health Organization Media Center, “African Trypanosomiasis or sleeping sickness”, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs259/en/
World Health Organization, “WHO supports malaria epidemic prevention and control in Pakistan”, www.who.int/entity/hac/crises/pak/releases/12october2010
A. M. Prentice, “The emerging epidemic of obesity in developing countries”, International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 93-99, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyi272
D. Smith, “Cholera kills more than 1500 people in Nigeria”, The Guardian, 26th October, 2010
United Nations Institute for training and research. Briefing report. UNITAR/UNFPA/IOM, Key migration issues workshop series: New York. 2006, available at: www.un.org/esa/population/meetings/fourthcoord2005/P06_UNITAR.pdf
World Health Organization. “The global shortage of health workers and its input”. Fact sheet No. 302, 2006
United Nations Population Facts, “Health workers, international migration and development”, No. 2010/2/E/Rev, 2010, available at: http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/popfacts/popfacts_2010-2rev.pdf
S. Ouma, M. E. Herselman. “E-health in rural areas: case of developing countries”, International Journal of Biological and Life Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 194-200, 2008
H. K. Sellapan, L. Sacks, “Intelligent Dropping scenario for motion JPEG2000 Transmission over satellite networks”, available at: http://www.ee.ucl.ac.uk/lcs/previous/LCS2005/23.pdf
S. Dogan, A. H. Sadka, A. M. Kondoz, “Video transmission over mobile satellite systems”, International Journal of Satellite Communications, Vol. 18, pp. 185-205, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1247(200005/06)18:3<185::AID-SAT667>3.0.CO;2-9
L. Patil, Video Transmission over varying bandwidth links. M.Tech Desertation. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, 2006, availablr at: www.it.iitb.ac.in/~sri/students/laxmikant-thesis.pdf
ETSI Final draft EN 302307 (v1.1.1) Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) Second generation framing structure, channel coding and modulation systems for broadcasting interactive services, news gathering and other broadband satellite applications(DVB-S2). 2005. www.etsi.org
Y. Mostovoy, “Maximizing Satellite Transmission Efficiency with DVB-S2”, Scopus, available at: http://www.scopus.ru/files/Maximizing_Satellite_Transmission_Efficiency_With_DVB-S2.pdf
CODAN, “Introduction to digital microwave radio technology”, available at: http://codan.ru/upload/File/codan/en/3p4.pdf
Telecommunication handbook for transportation professionals: the basics of telecommunications, Final Report. US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, 2004
CISCO, “Stream Manager Video surveillance Solutions Reference Network design”, CISCO Systems 2007
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 451
PDF Downloads: 173
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.