Investigation on the Performance of a Portable Power Generation System with a Low-Cost Vertical Axis Wind Turbine
Received: 1 September 2021 | Revised: 3 October 2021 | Accepted: 9 October 2021 | Online: 11 December 2021
The purpose of this project was to develop an innovative, small-scale, and portable vertical axis wind turbine for power generation. The wind turbine was simple in design and economical. Wind speeds ranging from 2.0ms-1 to 7.0ms-1 were tested on the proposed wind turbine. The experiments revealed that the turbine required a minimum wind speed of 3.9ms-1 to operate. According to the results, the proposed turbine achieved its maximum power output of 5.6W at a rotational speed of 65rpm when the wind speed was 7.0m/s. Additionally, voltage and current increased proportionately with increasing wind speed. The proposed system showed an average coefficient factor between 0.10 and 0.12. This portable wind turbine potentially revolutionizes industry while raising public awareness about clean and renewable energy.
Keywords:power generation, vertical axis, wind turbine
"EIA projects nearly 50% increase in world energy usage by 2050, led by growth in Asia," US Energy Information Administration - Today in Energy, Sep. 24, 2019. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=41433 (accessed Oct. 26, 2021).
I. Malael and V. Dragan, "Numerical and Experimental Efficiency Evaluation of a Counter-Rotating Vertical Axis Wind Turbine," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3282–3286, Aug. 2018, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2231.
M. B. Farriz, A. N. Azmi, N. A. M. Said, A. Ahmad, and K. A. Baharin, "A study on the wind as a potential of renewable energy sources in Malaysia," in ECTI-CON2010: The 2010 ECTI International Confernce on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Chiang Mai, Thailand, May 2010, pp. 651–655.
P. A. C. Rocha et al., "The effects of blade pitch angle on the performance of small-scale wind turbine in urban environments," Energy, vol. 148, pp. 169–178, Apr. 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.01.096.
W. Tian, Z. Mao, B. Zhang, and Y. Li, "Shape optimization of a Savonius wind rotor with different convex and concave sides," Renewable Energy, vol. 117, pp. 287–299, Mar. 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.067.
R. Gupta, A. Biswas, and K. K. Sharma, "Comparative study of a three-bucket Savonius rotor with a combined three-bucket Savonius–three-bladed Darrieus rotor," Renewable Energy, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1974–1981, Sep. 2008, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.12.008.
J. B. V. Subrahmanyam, P. Alluvada, Bandana, K. Bhanupriya, and C. Shashidhar, "Renewable Energy Systems: Development and Perspectives of a Hybrid Solar-Wind System," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 177–181, Feb. 2012, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.104.
K. Sahim, D. Santoso, and D. Puspitasari, "Investigations on the Effect of Radius Rotor in Combined Darrieus-Savonius Wind Turbine," International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 2018, Mar. 2018, Art. no. e3568542, https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3568542.
Y. Kyozuka, "An Experimental Study on the Darrieus-Savonius Turbine for the Tidal Current Power Generation," Journal of Fluid Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 439–449, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1299/jfst.3.439.
Y. Kurniawan, D. D. D. P. Tjahjana, and B. Santoso, "Experimental Study of Savonius Wind Turbine Performance with Blade Layer Addition," Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 23–33, Dec. 2020.
I. Paraschivoiu, O. Trifu, and F. Saeed, "H-Darrieus Wind Turbine with Blade Pitch Control," International Journal of Rotating Machinery, vol. 2009, May 2009, Art. no. e505343, https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/505343.
H. Dumitrescu, A. Dumitrache, F. Frunzulica, A. Pal, and V. Turbatu, "TORNADO concept and realisation of a rotor for small VAWTs," INCAS BULLETIN, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 69–75, Sep. 2013, https://doi.org/10.13111/2066-8201.2013.5.3.8.
M. J. Werle and W. M. Presz, "Ducted Wind/Water Turbines and Propellers Revisited," Journal of Propulsion and Power, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 1146–1150, Sep. 2008, https://doi.org/10.2514/1.37134.
S. Ivanell, J. N. Sørensen, and D. Henningson, "Numerical Computations of Wind Turbine Wakes," in Wind Energy, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, pp. 259–263, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-33866-6_48.
D. Hartwanger and A. Horvat, "3D modelling of a wind turbine using CFD," presented at the NAFEMS UK Conference 2008, Cheltenham, UK, Jun. 2008.
M. Raciti Castelli, A. Englaro, and E. Benini, "The Darrieus wind turbine: Proposal for a new performance prediction model based on CFD," Energy, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 4919–4934, Aug. 2011, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.05.036.
B. Memon, M. H. Baloch, A. H. Memon, S. H. Qazi, R. Haider, and D. Ishak, "Assessment of Wind Power Potential Based on Raleigh Distribution Model: An Experimental Investigation for Coastal Zone," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3721–3725, Feb. 2019, https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2381.
W. A. Timmer and R. P. J. O. M. van Rooij, "Summary of the Delft University Wind Turbine Dedicated Airfoils," Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 488–496, Nov. 2003, https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1626129.
I. Mălăel, V. Drăgan, and G. Vizitiu, "The Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Efficiency Evaluation by Using the CFD Methods," Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 772, pp. 90–95, 2015, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.772.90.
H. Dumitrescu, V. Cardoş, and I. Mălăel, "The Physics of Starting Process for Vertical Axis Wind Turbines," in CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines, E. Ferrer and A. Montlaur, Eds. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2015, pp. 69–81, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16202-7_7.
G. Naccache and M. Paraschivoiu, "Parametric study of the dual vertical axis wind turbine using CFD," Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 172, pp. 244–255, Jan. 2018, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2017.11.007.
M. Dranca, M. Chirca, V. Zaharia, A. Zaharia, and S. Breban, "Permanent magnet generator for counter-rotating vertical axis micro-wind turbine," in 2017 52nd International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Heraklion, Greece, Aug. 2017, https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2017.8231959.
R. Howell, N. Qin, J. Edwards, and N. Durrani, "Wind tunnel and numerical study of a small vertical axis wind turbine," Renewable Energy, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 412–422, Feb. 2010, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2009.07.025.
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 294
PDF Downloads: 237
Copyright (c) 2021 M. F. Basar, A. M. Norazizi, I. Mustaffa, C. T. Colin, S. N. S. Mirin, Z. Jano
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.