An Optimal Fuzzy Logic-based PI Controller for the Speed Control of an Induction Motor using the V/F Method
Received: 26 May 2021 | Revised: 23 June 2021 | Accepted: 27 June 2021 | Online: 21 August 2021
The Induction Motor (IM) is popular because of its low price, higher efficiency, and low maintenance cost. A comparative analysis of IM speed controllers using Voltage/Frequency (V/F) control or Scalar Control (SC) is presented in this paper. SC is commonly used due to its ease of implementation, simplicity, and low cost. To decrease the difficulty and cost of hardware implementation, this paper proposes an optimal Fuzzy Proportional Integral (Fuzzy-PI) controller. Firstly, the speed of IM using the V/F control technique is discussed. Then, speed control of IM using a conventional PI controller is performed. Finally, a simplified-rules Fuzzy-PI controller is developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK and its performance is compared with that of open-loop SC and the traditional PI controller. The performance of the simplified-rules Fuzzy-PI controller is superior to that of an open-loop constant V/F control and a conventional PI controller.
Keywords:induction motor, constant V/F control, PI controller, optimal fuzzy PI controller
A. Bhowate, M. Aware, and S. Sharma, "Predictive Torque Control With Online Weighting Factor Computation Technique to Improve Performance of Induction Motor Drive in Low Speed Region," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 42309-42321, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2908289
A. Abdel Menaem, M. Elgamal, A.-H. Abdel-Aty, E. E. Mahmoud, Z. Chen, and M. A. Hassan, "A Proposed ANN-Based Acceleration Control Scheme for Soft Starting Induction Motor," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 4253-4265, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3046848
O. E.-S. Mohammed Youssef, "A New Open-Loop Volts/Hertz Control Method for Induction Motors," in 2018 Twentieth International Middle East Power Systems Conference (MEPCON), Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 2018, pp. 266-270. https://doi.org/10.1109/MEPCON.2018.8635102
G. A. Olarinoye, C. Akinropo, G. J. Atuman, and Z. M. Abdullahi, "Speed Control of a Three Phase Induction Motor using a PI Controller," in 2019 2nd International Conference of the IEEE Nigeria Computer Chapter (NigeriaComputConf), Zaria, Nigeria, Oct. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/NigeriaComputConf45974.2019.8949624
A. W. Nasir, I. Kasireddy, and A. K. Singh, "Real Time Speed Control of a DC Motor Based on its Integer and Non-Integer Models Using PWM Signal," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1974-1979, Oct. 2017. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1292
S. Gdaim, A. Mtibaa, and M. F. Mimouni, "Design and Experimental Implementation of DTC of an Induction Machine Based on Fuzzy Logic Control on FPGA," IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 644-655, Jun. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1109/TFUZZ.2014.2321612
K. S. Belkhir, "Simple Implementation of a Fuzzy Logic Speed Controller for a PMDC Motor with a Low Cost Arduino Mega," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5419-5422, Apr. 2020. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3340
M. A. Hannan, J. A. Ali, P. J. Ker, A. Mohamed, M. S. H. Lipu, and A. Hussain, "Switching Techniques and Intelligent Controllers for Induction Motor Drive: Issues and Recommendations," IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 47489-47510, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2867214
S. Mikkili and A. K. Panda, "SHAF for Mitigation of Current Harmonics Using p-q Method with PI and Fuzzy Controllers," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 98-104, Aug. 2011. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.44
Z. Ibrahim and E. Levi, "A comparative analysis of fuzzy logic and PI speed control in high-performance AC drives using experimental approach," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 1210-1218, Sep. 2002. https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2002.802993
J. Liu, Y. Gao, S. Geng, and L. Wu, "Nonlinear Control of Variable Speed Wind Turbines via Fuzzy Techniques," IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 27-34, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2599542
Y. Raziyev, R. Garifulin, A. Shintemirov, and T. D. Do, "Development of a Power Assist Lifting Device With a Fuzzy PID Speed Regulator," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 30724-30731, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2903234
M. A. Hannan, Z. ABD. Ghani, Md. M. Hoque, P. J. Ker, A. Hussain, and A. Mohamed, "Fuzzy Logic Inverter Controller in Photovoltaic Applications: Issues and Recommendations," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 24934-24955, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2899610
R. Bharti, M. Kumar, and B. M. Prasad, "V/F Control of Three Phase Induction Motor," in 2019 International Conference on Vision Towards Emerging Trends in Communication and Networking (ViTECoN), Vellore, India, Mar. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ViTECoN.2019.8899420
M. H. N. Talib, Z. Ibrahim, N. Abd. Rahim, A. S. Abu Hasim, and H. Zainuddin, "Performance improvement of induction motor drive using simplified FLC method," in 2014 16th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition, Antalya, Turkey, Sep. 2014, pp. 707-712. https://doi.org/10.1109/EPEPEMC.2014.6980580
D. Asija, "Speed control of induction motor using fuzzy-PI controller," in 2010 2nd International Conference on Mechanical and Electronics Engineering, Kyoto, Japan, Aug. 2010, vol. 2, pp. V2-460-V2-463. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMEE.2010.5558463
B. N. Kar, K. B. Mohanty, and M. Singh, "Indirect vector control of induction motor using fuzzy logic controller," in 2011 10th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering, Rome, Italy, May 2011. https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC.2011.5874782
B. Sahu, K. B. Mohanty, and S. Pati, "A comparative study on fuzzy and PI speed controllers for field-Oriented induction motor drive," in 2010 Modern Electric Power Systems, Wroclaw, Poland, Sep. 2010. https://doi.org/10.1109/IECR.2010.5720134
J. M. Peña and E. V. Díaz, "Implementation of V/f scalar control for speed regulation of a three-phase induction motor," in 2016 IEEE ANDESCON, Arequipa, Peru, Oct. 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/ANDESCON.2016.7836196
M. A. Magzoub, N. B. Saad, and R. B. Ibrahim, "An intelligent speed controller for indirect field-oriented controlled induction motor drives," in 2013 IEEE Conference on Clean Energy and Technology (CEAT), Langkawi, Malaysia, Nov. 2013, pp. 327-331. https://doi.org/10.1109/CEAT.2013.6775650
S. Saahithi and R. P. Mandi, "Technological Advances of Speed Control of Induction Motor with PI and Fuzzy Logic Controllers," International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 6S, pp. 41-45, Mar. 2020. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.F1009.0386S20
M. A. Mannan, A. Islam, M. N. Uddin, M. K. Hassan, T. Murata, and J. Tamura, "Fuzzy-Logic Based Speed Control of Induction Motor Considering Core Loss into Account," Intelligent Control and Automation, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 229-235, Aug. 2012. https://doi.org/10.4236/ica.2012.33026
Y. K. Sahu, K. Quraishi, S. Rajwade, and P. Choudhary, "Comparative analysis of PI fuzzy logic controller based induction motor drive," in 2016 International Conference on Electrical Power and Energy Systems (ICEPES), Bhopal, India, Dec. 2016, pp. 210-214. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEPES.2016.7915932
N. Farah et al., "A Novel Self-Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controller Based Induction Motor Drive System: An Experimental Approach," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 68172-68184, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2916087
Q. A. Tarbosh et al., "Review and Investigation of Simplified Rules Fuzzy Logic Speed Controller of High Performance Induction Motor Drives," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 49377-49394, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2977115
E. H. Mamdani and S. Assilian, "An experiment in linguistic synthesis with a fuzzy logic controller," International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-13, Jan. 1975. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-7373(75)80002-2
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 408
PDF Downloads: 241
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.