Smoothing the Power Output of a Wind Turbine Group with a Compensation Strategy of Power Variation
This paper proposes a new scheme to reduce the output power variation range of a wind turbine group without an energy storage system. This proposal is based on the active power compensation principle for each wind turbine. In this research, the wind turbine operates in the active power control mode. The reference active power is calculated in such a way that it compensates for the difference between the average output power and the actual output power. To verify and evaluate the proposed method, we simulated a group of two 1.5MW-wind turbines in the Simulink environment of MATLAB. Simulation results were compared to the ones of a wind turbine group without any smoothing scheme and the ones of the same group with the Exponential Moving Average method. From this comparison, we can conclude that with the proposed method, the actual output power of the wind turbine group becomes smoother than that of the wind turbine group without any smoothing scheme. Moreover, the performance of the wind turbine group with the proposed method is better than that of the wind turbine group with the Exponential Moving Average method.
Keywords:DFIG, fluctuating compensation, power control, smoothing power, wind turbine
"Global Renewables Outlook: Energy transformation 2050," International Renewable Energy Agency, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 2020.
M. Jabir, H. Azil Illias, S. Raza, and H. Mokhlis, "Intermittent Smoothing Approaches for Wind Power Output: A Review," Energies, vol. 10, no. 10, Oct. 2017, Art. no. 1572.
A. M. Howlader, N. Urasaki, A. Yona, T. Senjyu, and A. Y. Saber, "A review of output power smoothing methods for wind energy conversion systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 26, pp. 135–146, Oct. 2013.
K. A. Naik and C. P. Gupta, "Output Power Smoothing and Voltage Regulation of a Fixed Speed Wind Generator in the Partial Load Region Using STATCOM and a Pitch Angle Controller," Energies, vol. 11, no. 1, Jan. 2018, Art. no. 58.
A. Pratap, N. Urasaki, and T. Senju, "Control Strategies for Smoothing of Output Power of Wind Energy Conversion Systems," International Journal of Emerging Electric Power Systems, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 525–534, Oct. 2013.
A. M. Howlader, N. Urasaki, T. Senjyu, A. Uehara, A. Yona, and A. Y. Saber, "Output power smoothing of wind turbine generation system for the 2-MW permanent magnet synchronous generators," in 2010 International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, Incheon, Korea (South), Oct. 2010, pp. 452–457.
A A. Abedini, G. Mandic, and A. Nasiri, "Wind power smoothing using rotor inertia aimed at reducing grid susceptibility," in 34th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics, Orlando, FL, USA, Nov. 2008, pp. 1445–1451.
Y. Zhu, H. Zang, L. Cheng, and S. Gao, "Output Power Smoothing Control for a Wind Farm Based on the Allocation of Wind Turbines," Applied Sciences, vol. 8, no. 6, Jun. 2018, Art. no. 980.
N. S. Jayalakshmi, D. N. Gaonkar, and S. K. Jain, "Power smoothing method of PMSG based grid integrated wind energy conversion system using BESS/DSTATCOM," International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1969–1976, Dec. 2019.
F. Zhang, Z. Hu, K. Meng, L. Ding, and Z. Y. Dong, "Sequence control strategy for hybrid energy storage system for wind smoothing," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 13, no. 19, pp. 4482–4490, Aug. 2019.
Y. Sun et al., "Model predictive control and improved low-pass filtering strategies based on wind power fluctuation mitigation," Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 512–524, May 2019.
M. Cao, Q. Xu, X. Qin, and J. Cai, "Battery energy storage sizing based on a model predictive control strategy with operational constraints to smooth the wind power," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 115, p. 105471, Feb. 2020.
M. R. I. Sheikh, S. M. Muyeen, R. Takahashi, T. Murata, and J. Tamura, "Minimization of fluctuations of output power and terminal voltage of wind generator by using STATCOM/SMES," in IEEE Bucharest PowerTech, Bucharest, Romania, Jul. 2009, pp. 1–6.
M. A. Chowdhury, N. Hosseinzadeh, and W. X. Shen, "Smoothing wind power fluctuations by fuzzy logic pitch angle controller," Renewable Energy, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 224–233, Feb. 2012.
M. Ben Smida and A. Sakly, "Smoothing wind power fluctuations by particle swarm optimization-based pitch angle controller," Transactions of the Institute of Measurement and Control, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 647–656, Feb. 2019.
M. A. Chowdhury, N. Hosseinzadeh, and W. Shen, "Fuzzy logic systems for pitch angle controller for smoothing wind power fluctuations during below rated wind incidents," in IEEE Trondheim PowerTech, Trondheim, Norway, Jun. 2011, pp. 1–7.
M. Izadbakhsh, A. Rezvani, M. Gandomkar, and S. Vafaei, "Comparison of FLC-GA-PI Methods to Smooth the Output Power of Wind Turbine in the Grid Connected Mode," SOP Transactions on Power Transmission and Smart Grid, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 44–59, Dec. 2014.
A. Uehara et al., "A Coordinated Control Method to Smooth Wind Power Fluctuations of a PMSG-Based WECS," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 550–558, Jun. 2011.
S. M. Muyeen, M. H. Ali, R. Takahashi, T. Murata, and J. Tamura, "Wind generator output power smoothing by using pitch controller," International Review of Electrical Engineering, vol. 2, pp. 310–321, May 2007.
S. L. S. Louarem, D. E. C. Belkhiat, T. Bouktir, and S. Belkhiat, "An Efficient Active and Reactive Power Control of DFIG for a Wind Power Generator," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4775–4782, Oct. 2019.
A. Safaei, S. H. Hosseinian, and H. A. Abyaneh, "Enhancing the HVRT and LVRT Capabilities of DFIG-based Wind Turbine in an Islanded Microgrid," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2118–2123, Dec. 2017.
O. P. Bharti, R. K. Saket, and S. K. Nagar, "Controller Design For DFIG Driven By Variable Speed Wind Turbine Using Static Output Feedback Technique," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1056–1061, Aug. 2016.
K. Belmokhtar, H. Ibrahim, and M. L. Doumbia, "A Maximum Power Point Tracking Control Algorithms for a PMSG-based WECS for Isolated Applications: Critical Review," in Wind Turbines - Design, Control and Applications, London, UK: IntechOpen, 2016.
P. D. Chung, "Voltage Enhancement on DFIG Based Wind Farm Terminal During Grid Faults," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4783–4788, Oct. 2019.
L. M. Fernandez, C. A. Garcia, and F. Jurado, "Comparative study on the performance of control systems for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines operating with power regulation," Energy, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1438–1452, Sep. 2008.
A. A. Mohammed, "Performance of Control Dynamics of Wind Turbine Based on Doubly Fed Induction Generator under Different Modes of Speed Operation," Conference Papers in Engineering, vol. 2013, Aug. 2013, Art. no. e125801.
G. S. Kaloi, J. Wang, and M. H. Baloch, "Active and reactive power control of the doubly fed induction generator based on wind energy conversion system," Energy Reports, vol. 2, pp. 194–200, Nov. 2016.
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 68
PDF Downloads: 66
Copyright (c) 2021 Author
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.